Serializable.hpp 21.2 KB
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/*************************************************************************
*  Copyright (C) 2004 by Olivier Galizzi                                 *
*  olivier.galizzi@imag.fr                                               *
*  Copyright (C) 2004 by Janek Kozicki                                   *
*  cosurgi@berlios.de                                                    *
*                                                                        *
*  This program is free software; it is licensed under the terms of the  *
*  GNU General Public License v2 or later. See file LICENSE for details. *
*************************************************************************/

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Janek Kozicki committed
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#pragma once
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#include <boost/any.hpp>
#include <boost/foreach.hpp>
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#ifndef  __GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__
#	include<boost/shared_ptr.hpp>
	using boost::shared_ptr;
#else
#	include<memory>
	using std::shared_ptr;
#endif
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#include<boost/python.hpp>
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#include<boost/type_traits.hpp>
#include<boost/lexical_cast.hpp>
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#include<boost/preprocessor.hpp>
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#include<boost/type_traits/integral_constant.hpp>
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#include<list>
#include<map>
#include<string>
#include<vector>
#include<iostream>
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#include<yade/lib-factory/Factorable.hpp>
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#include<yade/lib-pyutil/raw_constructor.hpp>
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#include<yade/lib-pyutil/doc_opts.hpp>
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#include<yade/lib-base/Math.hpp>

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using namespace boost;
using namespace std;

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// empty functions for ADL
//namespace{
	template<typename T>	void preLoad(T&){}; template<typename T> void postLoad(T& obj){ /* cerr<<"Generic no-op postLoad("<<typeid(T).name()<<"&) called for "<<obj.getClassName()<<std::endl; */ }
	template<typename T>	void preSave(T&){}; template<typename T> void postSave(T&){}
//};
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// attribute flags
namespace yade{
	namespace Attr{
		// keep in sync with py/wrapper/yadeWrapper.cpp !
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		enum flags { noSave=1, readonly=2, triggerPostLoad=4, hidden=8, noResize=16, };
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	};
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};
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using namespace yade;
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// see:
//		https://bugs.launchpad.net/yade/+bug/539562
// 	http://www.boost.org/doc/libs/1_42_0/libs/python/doc/v2/faq.html#topythonconversionfailed
// for reason why the original def_readwrite will not work:
// #define _PYATTR_DEF(x,thisClass,z) .def_readwrite(BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(2,0,z)),&thisClass::BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(2,0,z),BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(2,1,z))
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#define _PYATTR_DEF(x,thisClass,z) _DEF_READWRITE_CUSTOM(thisClass,z)
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//
// return reference for vector and matrix types to allow things like
// O.bodies.pos[1].state.vel[2]=0 
// returning value would only change copy of velocity, without propagating back to the original
//
// see http://www.mail-archive.com/yade-dev@lists.launchpad.net/msg03406.html
//
// note that for sequences (like vector<> etc), values are returned; but in case of 
// vector of shared_ptr's, things inside are still shared, so
// O.engines[2].gravity=(0,0,9.33) will work
//
// OTOH got sequences of non-shared types, it sill (silently) fail:
// f=Facet(); f.vertices[1][0]=4 
//
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// see http://www.boost.org/doc/libs/1_42_0/libs/type_traits/doc/html/boost_typetraits/background.html
// about how this works
namespace yade{
	// by default, do not return reference; return value instead
	template<typename T> struct py_wrap_ref: public boost::false_type{};
	// specialize for types that should be returned as references
	template<> struct py_wrap_ref<Vector3r>: public boost::true_type{};
	template<> struct py_wrap_ref<Vector3i>: public boost::true_type{};
	template<> struct py_wrap_ref<Vector2r>: public boost::true_type{};
	template<> struct py_wrap_ref<Vector2i>: public boost::true_type{};
	template<> struct py_wrap_ref<Quaternionr>: public boost::true_type{};
	template<> struct py_wrap_ref<Matrix3r>: public boost::true_type{};
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	//template<class C, typename T, T C::*A>
	//void make_setter_postLoad(C& instance, const T& val){ instance.*A=val; cerr<<"make_setter_postLoad called"<<endl; postLoad(instance); }
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};
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// ADL only works within the same namespace
// this duplicate is for classes that are not in yade:: namespace (yet)
template<class C, typename T, T C::*A>
void make_setter_postLoad(C& instance, const T& val){ instance.*A=val; /* cerr<<"make_setter_postLoad called"<<endl; */ instance.callPostLoad(); /* postLoad(instance); */ }

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#define _DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE(thisClass,attr,doc) add_property(/*attr name*/BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(attr),/*read access*/boost::python::make_getter(&thisClass::attr,boost::python::return_value_policy<boost::python::return_by_value>()),/*write access*/boost::python::make_setter(&thisClass::attr,boost::python::return_value_policy<boost::python::return_by_value>()),/*docstring*/doc)
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// not sure if this is correct: the getter works by value, the setter by reference (the default)...?
#define _DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE_POSTLOAD(thisClass,attr,doc) add_property(/*attr name*/BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(attr),/*read access*/boost::python::make_getter(&thisClass::attr,boost::python::return_value_policy<boost::python::return_by_value>()),/*write access*/ make_setter_postLoad<thisClass,typeof(thisClass::attr),&thisClass::attr>,/*docstring*/doc)
#define _DEF_READONLY_BY_VALUE(thisClass,attr,doc) add_property(/*attr name*/BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(attr),/*read access*/boost::python::make_getter(&thisClass::attr,boost::python::return_value_policy<boost::python::return_by_value>()),/*docstring*/doc)
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/* Huh, add_static_property does not support doc argument (add_property does); if so, use add_property for now at least... */
#define _DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE_STATIC(thisClass,attr,doc)  _DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE(thisClass,attr,doc)
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// the conditional yade::py_wrap_ref should be eliminated by compiler at compile-time, as it depends only on types, not their values
// most of this could be written with templates, including flags (ints can be template args)
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#define _DEF_READWRITE_CUSTOM(thisClass,attr) if(!(_ATTR_FLG(attr) & yade::Attr::hidden)){ bool _ro(_ATTR_FLG(attr) & Attr::readonly), _post(_ATTR_FLG(attr) & Attr::triggerPostLoad), _ref(yade::py_wrap_ref<typeof(thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(attr))>::value); std::string docStr(_ATTR_DOC(attr)); docStr+=" :yattrflags:`"+boost::lexical_cast<string>(_ATTR_FLG(attr))+"` "; \
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	if      ( _ref && !_ro && !_post) _classObj.def_readwrite(_ATTR_NAM_STR(attr),&thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(attr),docStr.c_str()); \
	else if ( _ref && !_ro &&  _post) _classObj.add_property(_ATTR_NAM_STR(attr),boost::python::make_getter(&thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(attr)),make_setter_postLoad<thisClass,typeof(thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(attr)),&thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(attr)>,docStr.c_str()); \
	else if ( _ref &&  _ro)           _classObj.def_readonly(_ATTR_NAM_STR(attr),&thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(attr),docStr.c_str()); \
	else if (!_ref && !_ro && !_post) _classObj._DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE(thisClass,_ATTR_NAM(attr),docStr.c_str()); \
	else if (!_ref && !_ro &&  _post) _classObj._DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE_POSTLOAD(thisClass,_ATTR_NAM(attr),docStr.c_str()); \
	else if (!_ref &&  _ro)           _classObj._DEF_READONLY_BY_VALUE(thisClass,_ATTR_NAM(attr),docStr.c_str()); \
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	if(_ro && _post) std::cerr<<"WARN: " BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(thisClass) "::" _ATTR_NAM_STR(attr) " with the yade::Attr::readonly flag also uselessly sets yade::Attr::triggerPostLoad."<<std::endl; \
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}
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#define _DEF_READWRITE_CUSTOM_STATIC(thisClass,attr,doc) { /* if(yade::py_wrap_ref<typeof(thisClass::attr)>::value)*/ _classObj.def_readwrite(BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(attr),&thisClass::attr,doc); /* else _classObj._DEF_READWRITE_BY_VALUE_STATIC(thisClass,attr,doc);*/ }
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// macros for deprecated attribute access
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// gcc<=4.3 is not able to compile this code; we will just not generate any code for deprecated attributes in such case
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#if !defined(__GNUG__) || (defined(__GNUG__) && (__GNUC__ > 4 || (__GNUC__==4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ > 3)))
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	// gcc > 4.3 && non-gcc compilers
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	#define _PYSET_ATTR_DEPREC(x,thisClass,z) if(key==BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z))){ _DEPREC_WARN(thisClass,z); _DEPREC_NEWNAME(z)=boost::python::extract<typeof(_DEPREC_NEWNAME(z))>(value); return; }
	#define _PYATTR_DEPREC_DEF(x,thisClass,z) .add_property(BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z)),&thisClass::BOOST_PP_CAT(_getDeprec_,_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z)),&thisClass::BOOST_PP_CAT(_setDeprec_,_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z)),"|ydeprecated| alias for :yref:`" BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_NEWNAME(z)) "<" BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(thisClass) "." BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_NEWNAME(z)) ">` (" _DEPREC_COMMENT(z) ")")
	#define _PYHASKEY_ATTR_DEPREC(x,thisClass,z) if(key==BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z))) return true;
	/* accessors functions ussing warning */
	#define _ACCESS_DEPREC(x,thisClass,z) /*getter*/ typeof(_DEPREC_NEWNAME(z)) BOOST_PP_CAT(_getDeprec_,_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z))(){_DEPREC_WARN(thisClass,z); return _DEPREC_NEWNAME(z); } /*setter*/ void BOOST_PP_CAT(_setDeprec_,_DEPREC_OLDNAME(z))(const typeof(_DEPREC_NEWNAME(z))& val){_DEPREC_WARN(thisClass,z); _DEPREC_NEWNAME(z)=val; }
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#else
	#define _PYSET_ATTR_DEPREC(x,y,z)
	#define _PYATTR_DEPREC_DEF(x,y,z)
	#define _PYHASKEY_ATTR_DEPREC(x,y,z)
	#define _ACCESS_DEPREC(x,y,z)
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#endif
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// loop bodies for attribute access
#define _PYGET_ATTR(x,y,z) if(key==_ATTR_NAM_STR(z)) return boost::python::object(_ATTR_NAM(z));
//#define _PYSET_ATTR(x,y,z) if(key==_ATTR_NAM_STR(z)) { _ATTR_NAM(z)=boost::python::extract<typeof(_ATTR_NAM(z))>(t[1]); boost::python::delitem(d,boost::python::object(_ATTR_NAM(z))); continue; }
#define _PYSET_ATTR(x,y,z) if(key==_ATTR_NAM_STR(z)) { _ATTR_NAM(z)=boost::python::extract<typeof(_ATTR_NAM(z))>(value); return; }
#define _PYKEYS_ATTR(x,y,z) ret.append(_ATTR_NAM_STR(z));
#define _PYHASKEY_ATTR(x,y,z) if(key==_ATTR_NAM_STR(z)) return true;
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#define _PYDICT_ATTR(x,y,z) if(!(_ATTR_FLG(z) & yade::Attr::hidden)) ret[_ATTR_NAM_STR(z)]=boost::python::object(_ATTR_NAM(z));
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#define _REGISTER_BOOST_ATTRIBUTES_REPEAT(x,y,z) if((_ATTR_FLG(z) & yade::Attr::noSave)==0) { ar & BOOST_SERIALIZATION_NVP(_ATTR_NAM(z)); }
#define _REGISTER_BOOST_ATTRIBUTES(baseClass,attrs) \
	friend class boost::serialization::access; \
	private: template<class ArchiveT> void serialize(ArchiveT & ar, unsigned int version){ \
		ar & BOOST_SERIALIZATION_BASE_OBJECT_NVP(baseClass);  \
		/* with ADL, either the generic (empty) version above or baseClass::preLoad etc will be called (compile-time resolution) */ \
		if(ArchiveT::is_loading::value) preLoad(*this); else preSave(*this); \
		BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_REGISTER_BOOST_ATTRIBUTES_REPEAT,~,attrs) \
		if(ArchiveT::is_loading::value) postLoad(*this); else postSave(*this); \
	}
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#define _REGISTER_ATTRIBUTES_DEPREC(thisClass,baseClass,attrs,deprec)  _REGISTER_BOOST_ATTRIBUTES(baseClass,attrs) public: \
	void pySetAttr(const std::string& key, const boost::python::object& value){BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_PYSET_ATTR,~,attrs); BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_PYSET_ATTR_DEPREC,thisClass,deprec); baseClass::pySetAttr(key,value); } \
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	/* list all attributes (except deprecated ones); could return boost::python::set instead*/ /* boost::python::list pyKeys() const {  boost::python::list ret; BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_PYKEYS_ATTR,~,attrs); ret.extend(baseClass::pyKeys()); return ret; }  */ \
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	/* return dictionary of all acttributes and values; deprecated attributes omitted */ boost::python::dict pyDict() const { boost::python::dict ret; BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_PYDICT_ATTR,~,attrs); ret.update(baseClass::pyDict()); return ret; } \
	virtual void callPostLoad(void){ baseClass::callPostLoad(); postLoad(*this); }

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// print warning about deprecated attribute; thisClass is type name, not string
#define _DEPREC_WARN(thisClass,deprec)  std::cerr<<"WARN: "<<getClassName()<<"."<<BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_OLDNAME(deprec))<<" is deprecated, use "<<BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(thisClass)<<"."<<BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_NEWNAME(deprec))<<" instead. "; if(_DEPREC_COMMENT(deprec)){ if(std::string(_DEPREC_COMMENT(deprec))[0]=='!'){ std::cerr<<endl; throw std::invalid_argument(BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(thisClass) "." BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_DEPREC_OLDNAME(deprec)) " is deprecated; throwing exception requested. Reason: " _DEPREC_COMMENT(deprec));} else std::cerr<<"("<<_DEPREC_COMMENT(deprec)<<")"; } std::cerr<<std::endl;
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// getters for individual fields
#define _ATTR_TYP(s) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(5,0,s)
#define _ATTR_NAM(s) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(5,1,s)
#define _ATTR_INI(s) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(5,2,s)
#define _ATTR_FLG(s) (BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(5,3,s)+0) // ( ) to avoid operator precedence mess, +0 expands either to unary + or addition; we need () around the arg, but it must be correct if arg is empty as well
#define _ATTR_DOC(s) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(5,4,s)
// stringized getters
#define _ATTR_TYP_STR(s) BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_ATTR_TYP(s))
#define _ATTR_NAM_STR(s) BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_ATTR_NAM(s))
#define _ATTR_INI_STR(s) BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(_ATTR_INI(s))
// embed default and type values in the docstring (must keep the same size and ordering)
#define _ATTRS_EMBED_INI_TYP_IN_DOC(x,y,z) (( _ATTR_TYP(z) , _ATTR_NAM(z) , _ATTR_INI(z), _ATTR_FLG(z), _ATTR_DOC(z) " :ydefault:`" _ATTR_INI_STR(z) "`" " :yattrtype:`" _ATTR_TYP_STR(z) "`" ))

// deprecated specification getters
#define _DEPREC_OLDNAME(x) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(3,0,x)
#define _DEPREC_NEWNAME(x) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(3,1,x)
#define _DEPREC_COMMENT(x) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(3,2,x) "" // if the argument is omited, return empty string instead of nothing


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#define _YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_DEPREC_PY(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrs,deprec,extras) \
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	_REGISTER_ATTRIBUTES_DEPREC(thisClass,baseClass,attrs,deprec) \
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	REGISTER_CLASS_AND_BASE(thisClass,baseClass) \
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	/* accessors for deprecated attributes, with warnings */ BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_ACCESS_DEPREC,thisClass,deprec) \
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	/* python class registration */ virtual void pyRegisterClass(python::object _scope) { checkPyClassRegistersItself(#thisClass); boost::python::scope thisScope(_scope); YADE_SET_DOCSTRING_OPTS; boost::python::class_<thisClass,shared_ptr<thisClass>,boost::python::bases<baseClass>,boost::noncopyable> _classObj(#thisClass,docString); _classObj.def("__init__",python::raw_constructor(Serializable_ctor_kwAttrs<thisClass>)); BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_PYATTR_DEF,thisClass,attrs); (void) _classObj BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_PYATTR_DEPREC_DEF,thisClass,deprec); (void) _classObj extras ; }
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	// use later: void must_use_both_YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_and_YADE_PLUGIN(); 
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// #define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_PY(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrs,extras) YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_DEPREC_PY(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrs,,extras)
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// return "type name;" (for declaration inside class body)
#define _ATTR_DECL(x,y,z) _ATTR_TYP(z) _ATTR_NAM(z);
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// return name(default), (for initializers list); TRICKY: last one must not have the comma
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#define _ATTR_MAKE_INITIALIZER(x,maxIndex,i,z) BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(2,0,z)(BOOST_PP_TUPLE_ELEM(2,1,z)) BOOST_PP_COMMA_IF(BOOST_PP_NOT_EQUAL(maxIndex,i))
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// attrDecl is (type,name,defaultValue,docString)
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#define _ATTR_MAKE_INIT_TUPLE(x,y,z) (( _ATTR_NAM(z),_ATTR_INI(z) ))
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#define _ATTR_NAME_ADD_DUMMY_FIELDS(x,y,z) ((/*type*/,z,/*default*/,/*flags*/,/*doc*/))
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#define _STAT_NONSTAT_ATTR_PY(thisClass,attr,doc) _DEF_READWRITE_CUSTOM_STATIC(thisClass,attr,doc) /* _DEF_READWRITE_CUSTOM(thisClass,attr,doc) */ /* duplicate static and non-static attributes do not work (they apparently trigger to-python converter being added; for now, make then non-static, that's it. */
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#define _STATATTR_PY(x,thisClass,z) _STAT_NONSTAT_ATTR_PY(thisClass,_ATTR_NAM(z),/*docstring*/ "|ystatic| :ydefault:`" _ATTR_INI_STR(z) "` :yattrtype:`" _ATTR_TYP_STR(z) "` " _ATTR_DOC(z))
#define _STATATTR_DECL(x,y,z) static _ATTR_TYP(z) _ATTR_NAM(z);
#define _STATATTR_INITIALIZE(x,thisClass,z) thisClass::_ATTR_NAM(z)=_ATTR_INI(z);
#define _STATATTR_MAKE_DOC(x,thisClass,z) ".. ystaticattr:: " BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(thisClass) "." _ATTR_NAM_STR(z) "(=" _ATTR_INI_STR(z) ")" "\n\n\t" _ATTR_DOC(z) "\n\n"
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#define _STATCLASS_PY_REGISTER_CLASS(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrs)\
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	virtual void pyRegisterClass(python::object _scope) { checkPyClassRegistersItself(#thisClass); initSetStaticAttributesValue(); boost::python::scope thisScope(_scope); YADE_SET_DOCSTRING_OPTS; \
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		boost::python::class_<thisClass,shared_ptr<thisClass>,boost::python::bases<baseClass>,boost::noncopyable> _classObj(#thisClass,docString "\n\n" BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_STATATTR_MAKE_DOC,thisClass,attrs) ); _classObj.def("__init__",python::raw_constructor(Serializable_ctor_kwAttrs<thisClass>)); \
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		BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_STATATTR_PY,thisClass,attrs);  \
	}
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/********************** USER MACROS START HERE ********************/
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// attrs is (type,name,init-value,docstring)
#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC(klass,base,doc)                             YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_INIT_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,,,,)
#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS(klass,base,doc,attrs)                 YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_INIT_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,attrs,,,)
#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_CTOR(klass,base,doc,attrs,ctor)       YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_INIT_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,attrs,,ctor,)
#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,attrs,ctor,py) YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_INIT_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,attrs,,ctor,py)
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#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_INIT_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,attrs,inits,ctor,py) YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_DEPREC_INIT_CTOR_PY(klass,base,doc,attrs,,inits,ctor,py)
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// the most general
#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_DEPREC_INIT_CTOR_PY(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrDecls,deprec,inits,ctor,extras) \
	public: BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_ATTR_DECL,~,attrDecls) /* attribute declarations */ \
	thisClass() BOOST_PP_IF(BOOST_PP_SEQ_SIZE(inits attrDecls),:,) BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH_I(_ATTR_MAKE_INITIALIZER,BOOST_PP_DEC(BOOST_PP_SEQ_SIZE(inits attrDecls)), inits BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_ATTR_MAKE_INIT_TUPLE,~,attrDecls)) { ctor ; } /* ctor, with initialization of defaults */ \
	_YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_ATTRS_DEPREC_PY(thisClass,baseClass,docString,BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_ATTRS_EMBED_INI_TYP_IN_DOC,~,attrDecls),deprec,extras)

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#define REGISTER_SERIALIZABLE(name) REGISTER_FACTORABLE(name); BOOST_CLASS_EXPORT_KEY(name);
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// for static classes (Gl1 functors, for instance)
#define YADE_CLASS_BASE_DOC_STATICATTRS(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrs)\
	public: BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_STATATTR_DECL,~,attrs) /* attribute declarations */ \
	/* no ctor */ \
	REGISTER_CLASS_AND_BASE(thisClass,baseClass); \
	_REGISTER_ATTRIBUTES_DEPREC(thisClass,baseClass,attrs,) \
	/* called only at class registration, to set initial values; storage still has to be alocated in the cpp file! */ \
	void initSetStaticAttributesValue(void){ BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_STATATTR_INITIALIZE,thisClass,attrs); } \
	_STATCLASS_PY_REGISTER_CLASS(thisClass,baseClass,docString,attrs)
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// used only in some exceptional cases, might disappear in the future
#define REGISTER_ATTRIBUTES(baseClass,attrs) _REGISTER_ATTRIBUTES_DEPREC(_SOME_CLASS,baseClass,BOOST_PP_SEQ_FOR_EACH(_ATTR_NAME_ADD_DUMMY_FIELDS,~,attrs),)
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#if 0
namespace{
	void pySetAttr(const std::string& key, const boost::python::object& /* value */){ PyErr_SetString(PyExc_AttributeError,(std::string("No such attribute: ")+key+".").c_str()); boost::python::throw_error_already_set(); }
	boost::python::list pyKeys(){ return boost::python::list();}
	boost::python::dict pyDict() { return boost::python::dict(); }
};
#endif
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class Serializable: public Factorable {
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	public:
		template <class ArchiveT> void serialize(ArchiveT & ar, unsigned int version){ };
	
		Serializable() {};
		virtual ~Serializable() {};
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		// comparison of strong equality of 2 objects (by their address)
		bool operator==(const Serializable& other){ return this==&other; }
		bool operator!=(const Serializable& other){ return this!=&other; }
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		void pyUpdateAttrs(const boost::python::dict& d);
		//static void pyUpdateAttrs(const shared_ptr<Serializable>&, const boost::python::dict& d);

		virtual void pySetAttr(const std::string& key, const boost::python::object& value){ PyErr_SetString(PyExc_AttributeError,(std::string("No such attribute: ")+key+".").c_str()); boost::python::throw_error_already_set(); };
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		//virtual boost::python::list pyKeys() const { return boost::python::list(); };
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		virtual boost::python::dict pyDict() const { return boost::python::dict(); }
		virtual void callPostLoad(void){ postLoad(*this); }
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		// check whether the class registers itself or whether it calls virtual function of some base class;
		// that means that the class doesn't register itself properly
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		virtual void checkPyClassRegistersItself(const std::string& thisClassName) const;
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		// perform class registration; overridden in all classes
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		virtual void pyRegisterClass(boost::python::object _scope);
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		// perform any manipulation of arbitrary constructor arguments coming from python, manipulating them in-place;
		// the remainder is passed to the Serializable_ctor_kwAttrs of the respective class (note: args must be empty)
		virtual void pyHandleCustomCtorArgs(boost::python::tuple& args, boost::python::dict& kw){ return; }
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		//! string representation of this object
		std::string pyStr() { return "<"+getClassName()+" instance at "+lexical_cast<string>(this)+">"; }
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	REGISTER_CLASS_NAME(Serializable);
	REGISTER_BASE_CLASS_NAME(Factorable);
};


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// helper functions
template <typename T>
shared_ptr<T> Serializable_ctor_kwAttrs(python::tuple& t, python::dict& d){
	shared_ptr<T> instance;
	instance=shared_ptr<T>(new T);
	instance->pyHandleCustomCtorArgs(t,d); // can change t and d in-place
	if(python::len(t)>0) throw runtime_error("Zero (not "+lexical_cast<string>(python::len(t))+") non-keyword constructor arguments required [in Serializable_ctor_kwAttrs; Serializable::pyHandleCustomCtorArgs might had changed it after your call].");
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	if(python::len(d)>0){ instance->pyUpdateAttrs(d); instance->callPostLoad(); }
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	return instance;
}