1. 21 Jun, 2017 1 commit
  2. 19 Apr, 2017 1 commit
  3. 02 Mar, 2017 3 commits
  4. 23 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  5. 01 Jul, 2016 1 commit
    • Omar Sandoval's avatar
      block: fix use-after-free in sys_ioprio_get() · 8ba86821
      Omar Sandoval authored
      get_task_ioprio() accesses the task->io_context without holding the task
      lock and thus can race with exit_io_context(), leading to a
      use-after-free. The reproducer below hits this within a few seconds on
      my 4-core QEMU VM:
      #define _GNU_SOURCE
      #include <assert.h>
      #include <unistd.h>
      #include <sys/syscall.h>
      #include <sys/wait.h>
      int main(int argc, char **argv)
      	pid_t pid, child;
      	long nproc, i;
      	syscall(SYS_ioprio_set, 1, 0, 0x6000);
      	nproc = sysconf(_SC_NPROCESSORS_ONLN);
      	for (i = 0; i < nproc; i++) {
      		pid = fork();
      		assert(pid != -1);
      		if (pid == 0) {
      			for (;;) {
      				pid = fork();
      				assert(pid != -1);
      				if (pid == 0) {
      				} else {
      					child = wait(NULL);
      					assert(child == pid);
      		pid = fork();
      		assert(pid != -1);
      		if (pid == 0) {
      			for (;;) {
      				/* ioprio_get(IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP, 0); */
      				syscall(SYS_ioprio_get, 2, 0);
      	for (;;) {
      		/* ioprio_get(IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP, 0); */
      		syscall(SYS_ioprio_get, 2, 0);
      	return 0;
      This gets us KASAN dumps like this:
      [   35.526914] ==================================================================
      [   35.530009] BUG: KASAN: out-of-bounds in get_task_ioprio+0x7b/0x90 at addr ffff880066f34e6c
      [   35.530009] Read of size 2 by task ioprio-gpf/363
      [   35.530009] =============================================================================
      [   35.530009] BUG blkdev_ioc (Not tainted): kasan: bad access detected
      [   35.530009] -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      [   35.530009] Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
      [   35.530009] INFO: Allocated in create_task_io_context+0x2b/0x370 age=0 cpu=0 pid=360
      [   35.530009] 	___slab_alloc+0x55d/0x5a0
      [   35.530009] 	__slab_alloc.isra.20+0x2b/0x40
      [   35.530009] 	kmem_cache_alloc_node+0x84/0x200
      [   35.530009] 	create_task_io_context+0x2b/0x370
      [   35.530009] 	get_task_io_context+0x92/0xb0
      [   35.530009] 	copy_process.part.8+0x5029/0x5660
      [   35.530009] 	_do_fork+0x155/0x7e0
      [   35.530009] 	SyS_clone+0x19/0x20
      [   35.530009] 	do_syscall_64+0x195/0x3a0
      [   35.530009] 	return_from_SYSCALL_64+0x0/0x6a
      [   35.530009] INFO: Freed in put_io_context+0xe7/0x120 age=0 cpu=0 pid=1060
      [   35.530009] 	__slab_free+0x27b/0x3d0
      [   35.530009] 	kmem_cache_free+0x1fb/0x220
      [   35.530009] 	put_io_context+0xe7/0x120
      [   35.530009] 	put_io_context_active+0x238/0x380
      [   35.530009] 	exit_io_context+0x66/0x80
      [   35.530009] 	do_exit+0x158e/0x2b90
      [   35.530009] 	do_group_exit+0xe5/0x2b0
      [   35.530009] 	SyS_exit_group+0x1d/0x20
      [   35.530009] 	entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1a/0xa4
      [   35.530009] INFO: Slab 0xffffea00019bcd00 objects=20 used=4 fp=0xffff880066f34ff0 flags=0x1fffe0000004080
      [   35.530009] INFO: Object 0xffff880066f34e58 @offset=3672 fp=0x0000000000000001
      [   35.530009] ==================================================================
      Fix it by grabbing the task lock while we poke at the io_context.
      Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
      Reported-by: default avatarDmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarOmar Sandoval <osandov@fb.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
  6. 07 Nov, 2015 1 commit
    • Ben Segall's avatar
      pidns: fix set/getpriority and ioprio_set/get in PRIO_USER mode · 8639b461
      Ben Segall authored
      setpriority(PRIO_USER, 0, x) will change the priority of tasks outside of
      the current pid namespace.  This is in contrast to both the other modes of
      setpriority and the example of kill(-1).  Fix this.  getpriority and
      ioprio have the same failure mode, fix them too.
      Eric said:
      : After some more thinking about it this patch sounds justifiable.
      : My goal with namespaces is not to build perfect isolation mechanisms
      : as that can get into ill defined territory, but to build well defined
      : mechanisms.  And to handle the corner cases so you can use only
      : a single namespace with well defined results.
      : In this case you have found the two interfaces I am aware of that
      : identify processes by uid instead of by pid.  Which quite frankly is
      : weird.  Unfortunately the weird unexpected cases are hard to handle
      : in the usual way.
      : I was hoping for a little more information.  Changes like this one we
      : have to be careful of because someone might be depending on the current
      : behavior.  I don't think they are and I do think this make sense as part
      : of the pid namespace.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarBen Segall <bsegall@google.com>
      Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Ambrose Feinstein <ambrose@google.com>
      Acked-by: default avatar"Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  7. 31 Oct, 2014 1 commit
  8. 19 May, 2014 1 commit
  9. 03 May, 2012 2 commits
  10. 08 Apr, 2012 1 commit
  11. 20 Mar, 2012 1 commit
  12. 07 Feb, 2012 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      block: strip out locking optimization in put_io_context() · 11a3122f
      Tejun Heo authored
      put_io_context() performed a complex trylock dancing to avoid
      deferring ioc release to workqueue.  It was also broken on UP because
      trylock was always assumed to succeed which resulted in unbalanced
      preemption count.
      While there are ways to fix the UP breakage, even the most
      pathological microbench (forced ioc allocation and tight fork/exit
      loop) fails to show any appreciable performance benefit of the
      optimization.  Strip it out.  If there turns out to be workloads which
      are affected by this change, simpler optimization from the discussion
      thread can be applied later.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      LKML-Reference: <1328514611.21268.66.camel@sli10-conroe>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
  13. 13 Dec, 2011 3 commits
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      block, cfq: unlink cfq_io_context's immediately · b2efa052
      Tejun Heo authored
      cic is association between io_context and request_queue.  A cic is
      linked from both ioc and q and should be destroyed when either one
      goes away.  As ioc and q both have their own locks, locking becomes a
      bit complex - both orders work for removal from one but not from the
      Currently, cfq tries to circumvent this locking order issue with RCU.
      ioc->lock nests inside queue_lock but the radix tree and cic's are
      also protected by RCU allowing either side to walk their lists without
      grabbing lock.
      This rather unconventional use of RCU quickly devolves into extremely
      fragile convolution.  e.g. The following is from cfqd going away too
      soon after ioc and q exits raced.
       general protection fault: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
       CPU 2
       Modules linked in:
       [   88.503444]
       Pid: 599, comm: hexdump Not tainted 3.1.0-rc10-work+ #158 Bochs Bochs
       RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81397628>]  [<ffffffff81397628>] cfq_exit_single_io_context+0x58/0xf0
       Call Trace:
        [<ffffffff81395a4a>] call_for_each_cic+0x5a/0x90
        [<ffffffff81395ab5>] cfq_exit_io_context+0x15/0x20
        [<ffffffff81389130>] exit_io_context+0x100/0x140
        [<ffffffff81098a29>] do_exit+0x579/0x850
        [<ffffffff81098d5b>] do_group_exit+0x5b/0xd0
        [<ffffffff81098de7>] sys_exit_group+0x17/0x20
        [<ffffffff81b02f2b>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
      The only real hot path here is cic lookup during request
      initialization and avoiding extra locking requires very confined use
      of RCU.  This patch makes cic removal from both ioc and request_queue
      perform double-locking and unlink immediately.
      * From q side, the change is almost trivial as ioc->lock nests inside
        queue_lock.  It just needs to grab each ioc->lock as it walks
        cic_list and unlink it.
      * From ioc side, it's a bit more difficult because of inversed lock
        order.  ioc needs its lock to walk its cic_list but can't grab the
        matching queue_lock and needs to perform unlock-relock dancing.
        Unlinking is now wholly done from put_io_context() and fast path is
        optimized by using the queue_lock the caller already holds, which is
        by far the most common case.  If the ioc accessed multiple devices,
        it tries with trylock.  In unlikely cases of fast path failure, it
        falls back to full double-locking dance from workqueue.
      Double-locking isn't the prettiest thing in the world but it's *far*
      simpler and more understandable than RCU trick without adding any
      meaningful overhead.
      This still leaves a lot of now unnecessary RCU logics.  Future patches
      will trim them.
      -v2: Vivek pointed out that cic->q was being dereferenced after
           cic->release() was called.  Updated to use local variable @this_q
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      block, cfq: move ioc ioprio/cgroup changed handling to cic · dc86900e
      Tejun Heo authored
      ioprio/cgroup change was handled by marking the changed state in ioc
      and, on the following access to the ioc, performing RCU-protected
      iteration through all cic's grabbing the matching queue_lock.
      This patch moves the changed state to each cic.  When ioprio or cgroup
      changes, the respective bit is set on all cic's of the ioc and when
      each of those cic (not ioc) is accessed, change is applied for that
      specific ioc-queue pair.
      This also fixes the following two race conditions between setting and
      clearing of changed states.
      * Missing barrier between assign/load of ioprio and ioprio_changed
        allowed applying old ioprio.
      * Change requests could happen between application of change and
        clearing of changed variables.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      block: make ioc get/put interface more conventional and fix race on alloction · 6e736be7
      Tejun Heo authored
      Ignoring copy_io() during fork, io_context can be allocated from two
      places - current_io_context() and set_task_ioprio().  The former is
      always called from local task while the latter can be called from
      different task.  The synchornization between them are peculiar and
      * current_io_context() doesn't grab task_lock() and assumes that if it
        saw %NULL ->io_context, it would stay that way until allocation and
        assignment is complete.  It has smp_wmb() between alloc/init and
      * set_task_ioprio() grabs task_lock() for assignment and does
        smp_read_barrier_depends() between "ioc = task->io_context" and "if
        (ioc)".  Unfortunately, this doesn't achieve anything - the latter
        is not a dependent load of the former.  ie, if ioc itself were being
        dereferenced "ioc->xxx", it would mean something (not sure what tho)
        but as the code currently stands, the dependent read barrier is
      As only one of the the two test-assignment sequences is task_lock()
      protected, the task_lock() can't do much about race between the two.
      Nothing prevents current_io_context() and set_task_ioprio() allocating
      its own ioc for the same task and overwriting the other's.
      Also, set_task_ioprio() can race with exiting task and create a new
      ioc after exit_io_context() is finished.
      ioc get/put doesn't have any reason to be complex.  The only hot path
      is accessing the existing ioc of %current, which is simple to achieve
      given that ->io_context is never destroyed as long as the task is
      alive.  All other paths can happily go through task_lock() like all
      other task sub structures without impacting anything.
      This patch updates ioc get/put so that it becomes more conventional.
      * alloc_io_context() is replaced with get_task_io_context().  This is
        the only interface which can acquire access to ioc of another task.
        On return, the caller has an explicit reference to the object which
        should be put using put_io_context() afterwards.
      * The functionality of current_io_context() remains the same but when
        creating a new ioc, it shares the code path with
        get_task_io_context() and always goes through task_lock().
      * get_io_context() now means incrementing ref on an ioc which the
        caller already has access to (be that an explicit refcnt or implicit
        %current one).
      * PF_EXITING inhibits creation of new io_context and once
        exit_io_context() is finished, it's guaranteed that both ioc
        acquisition functions return %NULL.
      * All users are updated.  Most are trivial but
        smp_read_barrier_depends() removal from cfq_get_io_context() needs a
        bit of explanation.  I suppose the original intention was to ensure
        ioc->ioprio is visible when set_task_ioprio() allocates new
        io_context and installs it; however, this wouldn't have worked
        because set_task_ioprio() doesn't have wmb between init and install.
        There are other problems with this which will be fixed in another
      * While at it, use NUMA_NO_NODE instead of -1 for wildcard node
      -v2: Vivek spotted contamination from debug patch.  Removed.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
  14. 31 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  15. 15 Nov, 2010 1 commit
    • Greg Thelen's avatar
      ioprio: grab rcu_read_lock in sys_ioprio_{set,get}() · d69b78ba
      Greg Thelen authored
      found a missing rcu lock during boot on a 512 MiB x86_64 ubuntu vm:
        [ INFO: suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage. ]
        kernel/pid.c:419 invoked rcu_dereference_check() without protection!
        other info that might help us debug this:
        rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0
        1 lock held by ureadahead/1355:
         #0:  (tasklist_lock){.+.+..}, at: [<ffffffff8115bc09>] sys_ioprio_set+0x7f/0x29e
        stack backtrace:
        Pid: 1355, comm: ureadahead Not tainted 2.6.37-dbg-DEV #1
        Call Trace:
         [<ffffffff8109c10c>] lockdep_rcu_dereference+0xaa/0xb3
         [<ffffffff81088cbf>] find_task_by_pid_ns+0x44/0x5d
         [<ffffffff81088cfa>] find_task_by_vpid+0x22/0x24
         [<ffffffff8115bc3e>] sys_ioprio_set+0xb4/0x29e
         [<ffffffff8147cf21>] ? trace_hardirqs_off_thunk+0x3a/0x3c
         [<ffffffff8105c409>] sysenter_dispatch+0x7/0x2c
         [<ffffffff8147cee2>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
      The fix is to:
      a) grab rcu lock in sys_ioprio_{set,get}() and
      b) avoid grabbing tasklist_lock.
      Discussion in: http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=128951324702889Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarOleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
      Modified by Jens to remove the now redundant inner rcu lock and
      unlock since they are now protected by the outer lock.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
  16. 10 Nov, 2010 2 commits
    • sergey-senozhatsky's avatar
      ioprio: rcu_read_lock/unlock protect find_task_by_vpid call (V2) · f85acd81
      sergey-senozhatsky authored
      Commit 4221a991 "Add RCU check for
      find_task_by_vpid()" introduced rcu_lockdep_assert to find_task_by_pid_ns=
      Assertion failed in sys_ioprio_get. The patch is fixing assertion
      failure in ioprio_set as well.
       kernel/pid.c:419 invoked rcu_dereference_check() without protection!
       stack backtrace:
       Pid: 4254, comm: iotop Not tainted
       Call Trace:
       [<ffffffff810656f2>] lockdep_rcu_dereference+0xaa/0xb2
       [<ffffffff81053c67>] find_task_by_pid_ns+0x4f/0x68
       [<ffffffff81053c9d>] find_task_by_vpid+0x1d/0x1f
       [<ffffffff811104e2>] sys_ioprio_get+0x50/0x2da
       [<ffffffff81002182>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
      V2: rcu critical section expanded according to comment by Paul E. McKenney
      Signed-off-by: sergey-senozhatsky's avatarSergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
    • Daniel J Blueman's avatar
      ioprio: fix RCU locking around task dereference · 1447399b
      Daniel J Blueman authored
      With 2.6.37-rc1, I observe sys_ioprio_set not taking the RCU lock [1]
      across access to the task credentials.
      Inspecting the code in fs/ioprio.c, the tasklist_lock is held for read
      across the __task_cred call, which is presumably sufficient to prevent
      the task credentials becoming stale.
      [ INFO: suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage. ]
      kernel/pid.c:419 invoked rcu_dereference_check() without protection!
      other info that might help us debug this:
      rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 1
      1 lock held by start-stop-daem/2246:
       #0:  (tasklist_lock){.?.?..}, at: [<ffffffff811a2dfa>]
      stack backtrace:
      Pid: 2246, comm: start-stop-daem Not tainted 2.6.37-rc1-330cd+ #2
      Call Trace:
       [<ffffffff8109f5f4>] lockdep_rcu_dereference+0xa4/0xc0
       [<ffffffff81085651>] find_task_by_pid_ns+0x81/0x90
       [<ffffffff8108567d>] find_task_by_vpid+0x1d/0x20
       [<ffffffff811a3160>] sys_ioprio_set+0x3f0/0x400
       [<ffffffff816efa79>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_thunk+0x3a/0x3f
       [<ffffffff81003482>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
      Take the RCU lock for read across acquiring the pointer to the task
      credentials and dereferencing it.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDaniel J Blueman <daniel.blueman@gmail.com>
      Fixed up by Jens to fix missing rcu_read_unlock() on mismatches.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
  17. 30 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking... · 5a0e3ad6
      Tejun Heo authored
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h
      percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
      included when building most .c files.  percpu.h includes slab.h which
      in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
      universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.
      percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed.  Prepare for
      this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
      headers directly instead of assuming availability.  As this conversion
      needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
      used as the basis of conversion.
      The script does the followings.
      * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
        only the necessary includes are there.  ie. if only gfp is used,
        gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.
      * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
        blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
        to its surrounding.  It's put in the include block which contains
        core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
        alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
        doesn't seem to be any matching order.
      * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
        because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
        an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the
      The conversion was done in the following steps.
      1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
         over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
         and ~3000 slab.h inclusions.  The script emitted errors for ~400
      2. Each error was manually checked.  Some didn't need the inclusion,
         some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
         embedding .c file was more appropriate for others.  This step added
         inclusions to around 150 files.
      3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
         from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.
      4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
         e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
         APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.
      5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
         editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
         files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell.  Most gfp.h
         inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
         wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros.  Each
         slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as
      6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.
      7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
         were fixed.  CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
         distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
         more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
         build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).
         * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
         * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * ia64 SMP allmodconfig
         * s390 SMP allmodconfig
         * alpha SMP allmodconfig
         * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig
      8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
         a separate patch and serve as bisection point.
      Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
      6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
      If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
      headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
      the specific arch.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Guess-its-ok-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
  18. 14 Jan, 2009 1 commit
  19. 06 Jan, 2009 1 commit
  20. 13 Nov, 2008 4 commits
  21. 20 Aug, 2008 1 commit
    • Ken Chen's avatar
      fix setpriority(PRIO_PGRP) thread iterator breakage · 2d70b68d
      Ken Chen authored
      When user calls sys_setpriority(PRIO_PGRP ...) on a NPTL style multi-LWP
      process, only the task leader of the process is affected, all other
      sibling LWP threads didn't receive the setting.  The problem was that the
      iterator used in sys_setpriority() only iteartes over one task for each
      process, ignoring all other sibling thread.
      Introduce a new macro do_each_pid_thread / while_each_pid_thread to walk
      each thread of a process.  Convert 4 call sites in {set/get}priority and
      Signed-off-by: default avatarKen Chen <kenchen@google.com>
      Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
      Cc: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  22. 28 Jan, 2008 3 commits
  23. 07 Nov, 2007 1 commit
  24. 19 Oct, 2007 2 commits
    • Pavel Emelyanov's avatar
      Uninline find_task_by_xxx set of functions · 228ebcbe
      Pavel Emelyanov authored
      The find_task_by_something is a set of macros are used to find task by pid
      depending on what kind of pid is proposed - global or virtual one.  All of
      them are wrappers above the most generic one - find_task_by_pid_type_ns() -
      and just substitute some args for it.
      It turned out, that dereferencing the current->nsproxy->pid_ns construction
      and pushing one more argument on the stack inline cause kernel text size to
      This patch moves all this stuff out-of-line into kernel/pid.c.  Together
      with the next patch it saves a bit less than 400 bytes from the .text
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>
      Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com>
      Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
      Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
      Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
    • Pavel Emelyanov's avatar
      pid namespaces: changes to show virtual ids to user · b488893a
      Pavel Emelyanov authored
      This is the largest patch in the set. Make all (I hope) the places where
      the pid is shown to or get from user operate on the virtual pids.
      The idea is:
       - all in-kernel data structures must store either struct pid itself
         or the pid's global nr, obtained with pid_nr() call;
       - when seeking the task from kernel code with the stored id one
         should use find_task_by_pid() call that works with global pids;
       - when showing pid's numerical value to the user the virtual one
         should be used, but however when one shows task's pid outside this
         task's namespace the global one is to be used;
       - when getting the pid from userspace one need to consider this as
         the virtual one and use appropriate task/pid-searching functions.
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix]
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: nuther build fix]
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: yet nuther build fix]
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded casts]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@openvz.org>
      Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@us.ibm.com>
      Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
      Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
      Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
  25. 12 Feb, 2007 1 commit
  26. 12 Oct, 2006 1 commit
    • Vasily Tarasov's avatar
      [PATCH] block layer: ioprio_best function fix · d58cdfb8
      Vasily Tarasov authored
      Currently ioprio_best function first checks wethere aioprio or bioprio equals
      IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE (ioprio_valid() macros does that) and if it is so it returns
      bioprio/aioprio appropriately. Thus the next four lines, that set aclass/bclass
      to IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, if aclass/bclass == IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, are never executed.
      The second problem: if aioprio from class IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE and bioprio from
      class IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE are passed to ioprio_best function, it will return
      IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE. It means that during __make_request we can merge two
      requests and set the priority of merged request to IDLE, while one of
      the initial requests originates from a process with NONE (default) priority.
      So we can get a situation when a process with default ioprio will experience
      IO starvation, while there is no process from real-time class in the system.
      Just removing ioprio_valid check should correct situation.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarVasily Tarasov <vtaras@openvz.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
  27. 30 Sep, 2006 2 commits