Commit d9c6a72d authored by Luis R. Rodriguez's avatar Luis R. Rodriguez Committed by Linus Torvalds

kmod: add test driver to stress test the module loader

This adds a new stress test driver for kmod: the kernel module loader.
The new stress test driver, test_kmod, is only enabled as a module right
now.  It should be possible to load this as built-in and load tests
early (refer to the force_init_test module parameter), however since a
lot of test can get a system out of memory fast we leave this disabled
for now.

Using a system with 1024 MiB of RAM can *easily* get your kernel OOM
fast with this test driver.

The test_kmod driver exposes API knobs for us to fine tune simple
request_module() and get_fs_type() calls.  Since these API calls only
allow each one parameter a test driver for these is rather simple.
Other factors that can help out test driver though are the number of
calls we issue and knowing current limitations of each.  This exposes
configuration as much as possible through userspace to be able to build
tests directly from userspace.

Since it allows multiple misc devices its will eventually (once we add a
knob to let us create new devices at will) also be possible to perform
more tests in parallel, provided you have enough memory.

We only enable tests we know work as of right now.

Demo screenshots:

 # tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh
kmod_test_0001_driver: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0001_driver: OK! - Return value: 256 (MODULE_NOT_FOUND), expected MODULE_NOT_FOUND
kmod_test_0001_fs: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0001_fs: OK! - Return value: -22 (-EINVAL), expected -EINVAL
kmod_test_0002_driver: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0002_driver: OK! - Return value: 256 (MODULE_NOT_FOUND), expected MODULE_NOT_FOUND
kmod_test_0002_fs: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0002_fs: OK! - Return value: -22 (-EINVAL), expected -EINVAL
kmod_test_0003: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0003: OK! - Return value: 0 (SUCCESS), expected SUCCESS
kmod_test_0004: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0004: OK! - Return value: 0 (SUCCESS), expected SUCCESS
kmod_test_0005: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0005: OK! - Return value: 0 (SUCCESS), expected SUCCESS
kmod_test_0006: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0006: OK! - Return value: 0 (SUCCESS), expected SUCCESS
kmod_test_0005: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0005: OK! - Return value: 0 (SUCCESS), expected SUCCESS
kmod_test_0006: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0006: OK! - Return value: 0 (SUCCESS), expected SUCCESS
XXX: add test restult for 0007
Test completed

You can also request for specific tests:

 # tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh -t 0001
kmod_test_0001_driver: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0001_driver: OK! - Return value: 256 (MODULE_NOT_FOUND), expected MODULE_NOT_FOUND
kmod_test_0001_fs: OK! - loading kmod test
kmod_test_0001_fs: OK! - Return value: -22 (-EINVAL), expected -EINVAL
Test completed

Lastly, the current available number of tests:

 # tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh --help
Usage: tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh [ -t <4-number-digit> ]
Valid tests: 0001-0009

0001 - Simple test - 1 thread  for empty string
0002 - Simple test - 1 thread  for modules/filesystems that do not exist
0003 - Simple test - 1 thread  for get_fs_type() only
0004 - Simple test - 2 threads for get_fs_type() only
0005 - multithreaded tests with default setup - request_module() only
0006 - multithreaded tests with default setup - get_fs_type() only
0007 - multithreaded tests with default setup test request_module() and get_fs_type()
0008 - multithreaded - push kmod_concurrent over max_modprobes for request_module()
0009 - multithreaded - push kmod_concurrent over max_modprobes for get_fs_type()

The following test cases currently fail, as such they are not currently
enabled by default:

 # tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh -t 0008
 # tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh -t 0009

To be sure to run them as intended please unload both of the modules:

  o test_module
  o xfs

And ensure they are not loaded on your system prior to testing them.  If
you use these paritions for your rootfs you can change the default test
driver used for get_fs_type() by exporting it into your environment.  For
example of other test defaults you can override refer to kmod.sh
allow_user_defaults().

Behind the scenes this is how we fine tune at a test case prior to
hitting a trigger to run it:

cat /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/config
echo -n "2" > /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/config_test_case
echo -n "ext4" > /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/config_test_fs
echo -n "80" > /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/config_num_threads
cat /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/config
echo -n "1" > /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/config_num_threads

Finally to trigger:

echo -n "1" > /sys/devices/virtual/misc/test_kmod0/trigger_config

The kmod.sh script uses the above constructs to build different test cases.

A bit of interpretation of the current failures follows, first two
premises:

a) When request_module() is used userspace figures out an optimized
   version of module order for us.  Once it finds the modules it needs, as
   per depmod symbol dep map, it will finit_module() the respective
   modules which are needed for the original request_module() request.

b) We have an optimization in place whereby if a kernel uses
   request_module() on a module already loaded we never bother userspace
   as the module already is loaded.  This is all handled by kernel/kmod.c.

A few things to consider to help identify root causes of issues:

0) kmod 19 has a broken heuristic for modules being assumed to be
   built-in to your kernel and will return 0 even though request_module()
   failed.  Upgrade to a newer version of kmod.

1) A get_fs_type() call for "xfs" will request_module() for "fs-xfs",
   not for "xfs".  The optimization in kernel described in b) fails to
   catch if we have a lot of consecutive get_fs_type() calls.  The reason
   is the optimization in place does not look for aliases.  This means two
   consecutive get_fs_type() calls will bump kmod_concurrent, whereas
   request_module() will not.

This one explanation why test case 0009 fails at least once for
get_fs_type().

2) If a module fails to load --- for whatever reason (kmod_concurrent
   limit reached, file not yet present due to rootfs switch, out of
   memory) we have a period of time during which module request for the
   same name either with request_module() or get_fs_type() will *also*
   fail to load even if the file for the module is ready.

This explains why *multiple* NULLs are possible on test 0009.

3) finit_module() consumes quite a bit of memory.

4) Filesystems typically also have more dependent modules than other
   modules, its important to note though that even though a get_fs_type()
   call does not incur additional kmod_concurrent bumps, since userspace
   loads dependencies it finds it needs via finit_module_fd(), it *will*
   take much more memory to load a module with a lot of dependencies.

Because of 3) and 4) we will easily run into out of memory failures with
certain tests.  For instance test 0006 fails on qemu with 1024 MiB of RAM.
It panics a box after reaping all userspace processes and still not
having enough memory to reap.

[arnd@arndb.de: add dependencies for test module]
  Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170630154834.3689272-1-arnd@arndb.de
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170628223155.26472-3-mcgrof@kernel.orgSigned-off-by: default avatarLuis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@kernel.org>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@redhat.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 062b8740
......@@ -7560,6 +7560,8 @@ L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
S: Maintained
F: kernel/kmod.c
F: include/linux/kmod.h
F: lib/test_kmod.c
F: tools/testing/selftests/kmod/
KPROBES
M: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
......
......@@ -1847,6 +1847,33 @@ config BUG_ON_DATA_CORRUPTION
If unsure, say N.
config TEST_KMOD
tristate "kmod stress tester"
default n
depends on m
depends on BLOCK && (64BIT || LBDAF) # for XFS, BTRFS
depends on NETDEVICES && NET_CORE && INET # for TUN
select TEST_LKM
select XFS_FS
select TUN
select BTRFS_FS
help
Test the kernel's module loading mechanism: kmod. kmod implements
support to load modules using the Linux kernel's usermode helper.
This test provides a series of tests against kmod.
Although technically you can either build test_kmod as a module or
into the kernel we disallow building it into the kernel since
it stress tests request_module() and this will very likely cause
some issues by taking over precious threads available from other
module load requests, ultimately this could be fatal.
To run tests run:
tools/testing/selftests/kmod/kmod.sh --help
If unsure, say N.
source "samples/Kconfig"
source "lib/Kconfig.kgdb"
......
......@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_PRINTF) += test_printf.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_BITMAP) += test_bitmap.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_UUID) += test_uuid.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_PARMAN) += test_parman.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_KMOD) += test_kmod.o
ifeq ($(CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT),y)
CFLAGS_kobject.o += -DDEBUG
......
This diff is collapsed.
# Makefile for kmod loading selftests
# No binaries, but make sure arg-less "make" doesn't trigger "run_tests"
all:
TEST_PROGS := kmod.sh
include ../lib.mk
# Nothing to clean up.
clean:
CONFIG_TEST_KMOD=m
CONFIG_TEST_LKM=m
CONFIG_XFS_FS=m
# For the module parameter force_init_test is used
CONFIG_TUN=m
CONFIG_BTRFS_FS=m
This diff is collapsed.
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment