Commit 7996a8b5 authored by Bob Liu's avatar Bob Liu Committed by Jens Axboe

blk-mq: fix hang caused by freeze/unfreeze sequence

The following is a description of a hang in blk_mq_freeze_queue_wait().
The hang happens on attempt to freeze a queue while another task does
queue unfreeze.

The root cause is an incorrect sequence of percpu_ref_resurrect() and
percpu_ref_kill() and as a result those two can be swapped:

 CPU#0                         CPU#1
 ----------------              -----------------
 q1 = blk_mq_init_queue(shared_tags)

                                q2 = blk_mq_init_queue(shared_tags):
                                  blk_mq_add_queue_tag_set(shared_tags):
                                    blk_mq_update_tag_set_depth(shared_tags):
				     list_for_each_entry()
                                      blk_mq_freeze_queue(q1)
                                       > percpu_ref_kill()
                                       > blk_mq_freeze_queue_wait()

 blk_cleanup_queue(q1)
  blk_mq_freeze_queue(q1)
   > percpu_ref_kill()
                 ^^^^^^ freeze_depth can't guarantee the order

                                      blk_mq_unfreeze_queue()
                                        > percpu_ref_resurrect()

   > blk_mq_freeze_queue_wait()
                 ^^^^^^ Hang here!!!!

This wrong sequence raises kernel warning:
percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm called more than once on blk_queue_usage_counter_release!
WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 11854 at lib/percpu-refcount.c:336 percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm+0x99/0xb0

But the most unpleasant effect is a hang of a blk_mq_freeze_queue_wait(),
which waits for a zero of a q_usage_counter, which never happens
because percpu-ref was reinited (instead of being killed) and stays in
PERCPU state forever.

How to reproduce:
 - "insmod null_blk.ko shared_tags=1 nr_devices=0 queue_mode=2"
 - cpu0: python Script.py 0; taskset the corresponding process running on cpu0
 - cpu1: python Script.py 1; taskset the corresponding process running on cpu1

 Script.py:
 ------
 #!/usr/bin/python3

import os
import sys

while True:
    on = "echo 1 > /sys/kernel/config/nullb/%s/power" % sys.argv[1]
    off = "echo 0 > /sys/kernel/config/nullb/%s/power" % sys.argv[1]
    os.system(on)
    os.system(off)
------

This bug was first reported and fixed by Roman, previous discussion:
[1] Message id: [email protected]
[2] Message id: [email protected]
[3] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/9268199/Reviewed-by: default avatarHannes Reinecke <[email protected]>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMing Lei <[email protected]>
Reviewed-by: default avatarBart Van Assche <[email protected]>
Reviewed-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRoman Pen <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: default avatarBob Liu <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <[email protected]>
parent 6869875f
......@@ -413,7 +413,7 @@ int blk_queue_enter(struct request_queue *q, blk_mq_req_flags_t flags)
smp_rmb();
wait_event(q->mq_freeze_wq,
(atomic_read(&q->mq_freeze_depth) == 0 &&
(!q->mq_freeze_depth &&
(pm || (blk_pm_request_resume(q),
!blk_queue_pm_only(q)))) ||
blk_queue_dying(q));
......@@ -503,6 +503,7 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
spin_lock_init(&q->queue_lock);
init_waitqueue_head(&q->mq_freeze_wq);
mutex_init(&q->mq_freeze_lock);
/*
* Init percpu_ref in atomic mode so that it's faster to shutdown.
......
......@@ -144,13 +144,14 @@ void blk_mq_in_flight_rw(struct request_queue *q, struct hd_struct *part,
void blk_freeze_queue_start(struct request_queue *q)
{
int freeze_depth;
freeze_depth = atomic_inc_return(&q->mq_freeze_depth);
if (freeze_depth == 1) {
mutex_lock(&q->mq_freeze_lock);
if (++q->mq_freeze_depth == 1) {
percpu_ref_kill(&q->q_usage_counter);
mutex_unlock(&q->mq_freeze_lock);
if (queue_is_mq(q))
blk_mq_run_hw_queues(q, false);
} else {
mutex_unlock(&q->mq_freeze_lock);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_freeze_queue_start);
......@@ -199,14 +200,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_mq_freeze_queue);
void blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(struct request_queue *q)
{
int freeze_depth;
freeze_depth = atomic_dec_return(&q->mq_freeze_depth);
WARN_ON_ONCE(freeze_depth < 0);
if (!freeze_depth) {
mutex_lock(&q->mq_freeze_lock);
q->mq_freeze_depth--;
WARN_ON_ONCE(q->mq_freeze_depth < 0);
if (!q->mq_freeze_depth) {
percpu_ref_resurrect(&q->q_usage_counter);
wake_up_all(&q->mq_freeze_wq);
}
mutex_unlock(&q->mq_freeze_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_mq_unfreeze_queue);
......
......@@ -542,7 +542,7 @@ struct request_queue {
struct list_head unused_hctx_list;
spinlock_t unused_hctx_lock;
atomic_t mq_freeze_depth;
int mq_freeze_depth;
#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_BSG)
struct bsg_class_device bsg_dev;
......@@ -554,6 +554,11 @@ struct request_queue {
#endif
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
wait_queue_head_t mq_freeze_wq;
/*
* Protect concurrent access to q_usage_counter by
* percpu_ref_kill() and percpu_ref_reinit().
*/
struct mutex mq_freeze_lock;
struct percpu_ref q_usage_counter;
struct blk_mq_tag_set *tag_set;
......
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