1. 04 Jan, 2019 1 commit
  2. 16 Apr, 2018 1 commit
  3. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  4. 04 Sep, 2017 2 commits
  5. 12 Jul, 2017 1 commit
  6. 05 Jun, 2017 1 commit
  7. 21 Apr, 2017 2 commits
  8. 15 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  9. 21 May, 2016 1 commit
  10. 22 Mar, 2016 1 commit
    • Jann Horn's avatar
      fs/coredump: prevent fsuid=0 dumps into user-controlled directories · 378c6520
      Jann Horn authored
      This commit fixes the following security hole affecting systems where
      all of the following conditions are fulfilled:
      
       - The fs.suid_dumpable sysctl is set to 2.
       - The kernel.core_pattern sysctl's value starts with "/". (Systems
         where kernel.core_pattern starts with "|/" are not affected.)
       - Unprivileged user namespace creation is permitted. (This is
         true on Linux >=3.8, but some distributions disallow it by
         default using a distro patch.)
      
      Under these conditions, if a program executes under secure exec rules,
      causing it to run with the SUID_DUMP_ROOT flag, then unshares its user
      namespace, changes its root directory and crashes, the coredump will be
      written using fsuid=0 and a path derived from kernel.core_pattern - but
      this path is interpreted relative to the root directory of the process,
      allowing the attacker to control where a coredump will be written with
      root privileges.
      
      To fix the security issue, always interpret core_pattern for dumps that
      are written under SUID_DUMP_ROOT relative to the root directory of init.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJann Horn <jann@thejh.net>
      Acked-by: default avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
      Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
      Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      378c6520
  11. 11 Dec, 2014 1 commit
    • Prarit Bhargava's avatar
      kernel: add panic_on_warn · 9e3961a0
      Prarit Bhargava authored
      There have been several times where I have had to rebuild a kernel to
      cause a panic when hitting a WARN() in the code in order to get a crash
      dump from a system.  Sometimes this is easy to do, other times (such as
      in the case of a remote admin) it is not trivial to send new images to
      the user.
      
      A much easier method would be a switch to change the WARN() over to a
      panic.  This makes debugging easier in that I can now test the actual
      image the WARN() was seen on and I do not have to engage in remote
      debugging.
      
      This patch adds a panic_on_warn kernel parameter and
      /proc/sys/kernel/panic_on_warn calls panic() in the
      warn_slowpath_common() path.  The function will still print out the
      location of the warning.
      
      An example of the panic_on_warn output:
      
      The first line below is from the WARN_ON() to output the WARN_ON()'s
      location.  After that the panic() output is displayed.
      
          WARNING: CPU: 30 PID: 11698 at /home/prarit/dummy_module/dummy-module.c:25 init_dummy+0x1f/0x30 [dummy_module]()
          Kernel panic - not syncing: panic_on_warn set ...
      
          CPU: 30 PID: 11698 Comm: insmod Tainted: G        W  OE  3.17.0+ #57
          Hardware name: Intel Corporation S2600CP/S2600CP, BIOS RMLSDP.86I.00.29.D696.1311111329 11/11/2013
           0000000000000000 000000008e3f87df ffff88080f093c38 ffffffff81665190
           0000000000000000 ffffffff818aea3d ffff88080f093cb8 ffffffff8165e2ec
           ffffffff00000008 ffff88080f093cc8 ffff88080f093c68 000000008e3f87df
          Call Trace:
           [<ffffffff81665190>] dump_stack+0x46/0x58
           [<ffffffff8165e2ec>] panic+0xd0/0x204
           [<ffffffffa038e05f>] ? init_dummy+0x1f/0x30 [dummy_module]
           [<ffffffff81076b90>] warn_slowpath_common+0xd0/0xd0
           [<ffffffffa038e040>] ? dummy_greetings+0x40/0x40 [dummy_module]
           [<ffffffff81076c8a>] warn_slowpath_null+0x1a/0x20
           [<ffffffffa038e05f>] init_dummy+0x1f/0x30 [dummy_module]
           [<ffffffff81002144>] do_one_initcall+0xd4/0x210
           [<ffffffff811b52c2>] ? __vunmap+0xc2/0x110
           [<ffffffff810f8889>] load_module+0x16a9/0x1b30
           [<ffffffff810f3d30>] ? store_uevent+0x70/0x70
           [<ffffffff810f49b9>] ? copy_module_from_fd.isra.44+0x129/0x180
           [<ffffffff810f8ec6>] SyS_finit_module+0xa6/0xd0
           [<ffffffff8166cf29>] system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x17
      
      Successfully tested by me.
      
      hpa said: There is another very valid use for this: many operators would
      rather a machine shuts down than being potentially compromised either
      functionally or security-wise.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPrarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
      Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
      Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
      Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarYasuaki Ishimatsu <isimatu.yasuaki@jp.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      9e3961a0
  12. 28 Sep, 2014 1 commit
  13. 01 Jul, 2014 1 commit
    • Ben Greear's avatar
      ipv6: Allow accepting RA from local IP addresses. · d9333196
      Ben Greear authored
      This can be used in virtual networking applications, and
      may have other uses as well.  The option is disabled by
      default.
      
      A specific use case is setting up virtual routers, bridges, and
      hosts on a single OS without the use of network namespaces or
      virtual machines.  With proper use of ip rules, routing tables,
      veth interface pairs and/or other virtual interfaces,
      and applications that can bind to interfaces and/or IP addresses,
      it is possibly to create one or more virtual routers with multiple
      hosts attached.  The host interfaces can act as IPv6 systems,
      with radvd running on the ports in the virtual routers.  With the
      option provided in this patch enabled, those hosts can now properly
      obtain IPv6 addresses from the radvd.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarBen Greear <greearb@candelatech.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      d9333196
  14. 13 Nov, 2013 1 commit
  15. 26 Jun, 2013 1 commit
  16. 09 May, 2013 1 commit
  17. 28 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  18. 26 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  19. 05 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  20. 19 Nov, 2012 1 commit
    • Eric W. Biederman's avatar
      pidns: Use task_active_pid_ns where appropriate · 17cf22c3
      Eric W. Biederman authored
      The expressions tsk->nsproxy->pid_ns and task_active_pid_ns
      aka ns_of_pid(task_pid(tsk)) should have the same number of
      cache line misses with the practical difference that
      ns_of_pid(task_pid(tsk)) is released later in a processes life.
      
      Furthermore by using task_active_pid_ns it becomes trivial
      to write an unshare implementation for the the pid namespace.
      
      So I have used task_active_pid_ns everywhere I can.
      
      In fork since the pid has not yet been attached to the
      process I use ns_of_pid, to achieve the same effect.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarEric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      17cf22c3
  21. 01 Aug, 2012 1 commit
  22. 23 Jun, 2012 2 commits
  23. 20 Dec, 2011 1 commit
    • Michel Lespinasse's avatar
      binary_sysctl(): fix memory leak · 3d3c8f93
      Michel Lespinasse authored
      binary_sysctl() calls sysctl_getname() which allocates from names_cache
      slab usin __getname()
      
      The matching function to free the name is __putname(), and not putname()
      which should be used only to match getname() allocations.
      
      This is because when auditing is enabled, putname() calls audit_putname
      *instead* (not in addition) to __putname().  Then, if a syscall is in
      progress, audit_putname does not release the name - instead, it expects
      the name to get released when the syscall completes, but that will happen
      only if audit_getname() was called previously, i.e.  if the name was
      allocated with getname() rather than the naked __getname().  So,
      __getname() followed by putname() ends up leaking memory.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarMichel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
      Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>
      Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      3d3c8f93
  24. 03 Oct, 2011 1 commit
  25. 12 Aug, 2011 1 commit
    • Christoph Hellwig's avatar
      xfs: remove subdirectories · c59d87c4
      Christoph Hellwig authored
      Use the move from Linux 2.6 to Linux 3.x as an excuse to kill the
      annoying subdirectories in the XFS source code.  Besides the large
      amount of file rename the only changes are to the Makefile, a few
      files including headers with the subdirectory prefix, and the binary
      sysctl compat code that includes a header under fs/xfs/ from
      kernel/.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlex Elder <aelder@sgi.com>
      c59d87c4
  26. 14 Mar, 2011 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      open-style analog of vfs_path_lookup() · 73d049a4
      Al Viro authored
      new function: file_open_root(dentry, mnt, name, flags) opens the file
      vfs_path_lookup would arrive to.
      
      Note that name can be empty; in that case the usual requirement that
      dentry should be a directory is lifted.
      
      open-coded equivalents switched to it, may_open() got down exactly
      one caller and became static.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      73d049a4
  27. 09 Dec, 2010 1 commit
  28. 01 Nov, 2010 1 commit
  29. 25 May, 2010 1 commit
  30. 08 May, 2010 1 commit
  31. 30 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking... · 5a0e3ad6
      Tejun Heo authored
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h
      
      percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
      included when building most .c files.  percpu.h includes slab.h which
      in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
      universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.
      
      percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed.  Prepare for
      this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
      headers directly instead of assuming availability.  As this conversion
      needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
      used as the basis of conversion.
      
        http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py
      
      The script does the followings.
      
      * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
        only the necessary includes are there.  ie. if only gfp is used,
        gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.
      
      * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
        blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
        to its surrounding.  It's put in the include block which contains
        core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
        alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
        doesn't seem to be any matching order.
      
      * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
        because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
        an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the
        file.
      
      The conversion was done in the following steps.
      
      1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
         over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
         and ~3000 slab.h inclusions.  The script emitted errors for ~400
         files.
      
      2. Each error was manually checked.  Some didn't need the inclusion,
         some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
         embedding .c file was more appropriate for others.  This step added
         inclusions to around 150 files.
      
      3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
         from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.
      
      4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
         e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
         APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.
      
      5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
         editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
         files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell.  Most gfp.h
         inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
         wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros.  Each
         slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as
         necessary.
      
      6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.
      
      7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
         were fixed.  CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
         distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
         more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
         build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).
      
         * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
         * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * ia64 SMP allmodconfig
         * s390 SMP allmodconfig
         * alpha SMP allmodconfig
         * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig
      
      8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
         a separate patch and serve as bisection point.
      
      Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
      6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
      If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
      headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
      the specific arch.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Guess-its-ok-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
      5a0e3ad6
  32. 03 Mar, 2010 1 commit
  33. 23 Dec, 2009 1 commit
    • Andi Kleen's avatar
      SYSCTL: Print binary sysctl warnings (nearly) only once · 4440095c
      Andi Kleen authored
      When printing legacy sysctls print the warning message
      for each of them only once.  This way there is a guarantee
      the syslog won't be flooded for any sane program.
      
      The original attempt at this made the tables non const and stored
      the flag inline.
      
      Linus suggested using a separate hash table for this, this is based on a
      code snippet from him.
      
      The hash implies this is not exact and can sometimes not print a
      new sysctl due to a hash collision, but in practice this should not
      be a problem
      
      I used a FNV32 hash over the binary string with a 32byte bitmap. This
      gives relatively little collisions when all the predefined binary sysctls
      are hashed:
      
      size 256
      bucket
      length      number
      0:          [25]
      1:          [67]
      2:          [88]
      3:          [47]
      4:          [22]
      5:          [6]
      6:          [1]
      
      The worst case is a single collision of 6 hash values.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
      4440095c
  34. 16 Dec, 2009 1 commit
  35. 12 Nov, 2009 3 commits