1. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  2. 28 Sep, 2016 2 commits
  3. 07 Dec, 2015 1 commit
  4. 26 Jan, 2014 1 commit
  5. 18 Sep, 2012 2 commits
    • Eric W. Biederman's avatar
      userns: Pass a userns parameter into posix_acl_to_xattr and posix_acl_from_xattr · 5f3a4a28
      Eric W. Biederman authored
       - Pass the user namespace the uid and gid values in the xattr are stored
         in into posix_acl_from_xattr.
      
       - Pass the user namespace kuid and kgid values should be converted into
         when storing uid and gid values in an xattr in posix_acl_to_xattr.
      
      - Modify all callers of posix_acl_from_xattr and posix_acl_to_xattr to
        pass in &init_user_ns.
      
      In the short term this change is not strictly needed but it makes the
      code clearer.  In the longer term this change is necessary to be able to
      mount filesystems outside of the initial user namespace that natively
      store posix acls in the linux xattr format.
      
      Cc: Theodore Tso <tytso@mit.edu>
      Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
      Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: default avatar"Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      5f3a4a28
    • Eric W. Biederman's avatar
      userns: Convert vfs posix_acl support to use kuids and kgids · 2f6f0654
      Eric W. Biederman authored
      - In setxattr if we are setting a posix acl convert uids and gids from
        the current user namespace into the initial user namespace, before
        the xattrs are passed to the underlying filesystem.
      
        Untranslatable uids and gids are represented as -1 which
        posix_acl_from_xattr will represent as INVALID_UID or INVALID_GID.
        posix_acl_valid will fail if an acl from userspace has any
        INVALID_UID or INVALID_GID values.  In net this guarantees that
        untranslatable posix acls will not be stored by filesystems.
      
      - In getxattr if we are reading a posix acl convert uids and gids from
        the initial user namespace into the current user namespace.
      
        Uids and gids that can not be tranlsated into the current user namespace
        will be represented as -1.
      
      - Replace e_id in struct posix_acl_entry with an anymouns union of
        e_uid and e_gid.  For the short term retain the e_id field
        until all of the users are converted.
      
      - Don't set struct posix_acl.e_id in the cases where the acl type
        does not use e_id.  Greatly reducing the use of ACL_UNDEFINED_ID.
      
      - Rework the ordering checks in posix_acl_valid so that I use kuid_t
        and kgid_t types throughout the code, and so that I don't need
        arithmetic on uid and gid types.
      
      Cc: Theodore Tso <tytso@mit.edu>
      Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
      Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarEric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      2f6f0654
  6. 23 Jun, 2005 2 commits
  7. 16 Apr, 2005 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Linux-2.6.12-rc2 · 1da177e4
      Linus Torvalds authored
      Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
      even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
      archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
      3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
      git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
      infrastructure for it.
      
      Let it rip!
      1da177e4