1. 22 May, 2018 1 commit
  2. 27 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Rename superblock flags (MS_xyz -> SB_xyz) · 1751e8a6
      Linus Torvalds authored
      This is a pure automated search-and-replace of the internal kernel
      superblock flags.
      
      The s_flags are now called SB_*, with the names and the values for the
      moment mirroring the MS_* flags that they're equivalent to.
      
      Note how the MS_xyz flags are the ones passed to the mount system call,
      while the SB_xyz flags are what we then use in sb->s_flags.
      
      The script to do this was:
      
          # places to look in; re security/*: it generally should *not* be
          # touched (that stuff parses mount(2) arguments directly), but
          # there are two places where we really deal with superblock flags.
          FILES="drivers/mtd drivers/staging/lustre fs ipc mm \
                  include/linux/fs.h include/uapi/linux/bfs_fs.h \
                  security/apparmor/apparmorfs.c security/apparmor/include/lib.h"
          # the list of MS_... constants
          SYMS="RDONLY NOSUID NODEV NOEXEC SYNCHRONOUS REMOUNT MANDLOCK \
                DIRSYNC NOATIME NODIRATIME BIND MOVE REC VERBOSE SILENT \
                POSIXACL UNBINDABLE PRIVATE SLAVE SHARED RELATIME KERNMOUNT \
                I_VERSION STRICTATIME LAZYTIME SUBMOUNT NOREMOTELOCK NOSEC BORN \
                ACTIVE NOUSER"
      
          SED_PROG=
          for i in $SYMS; do SED_PROG="$SED_PROG -e s/MS_$i/SB_$i/g"; done
      
          # we want files that contain at least one of MS_...,
          # with fs/namespace.c and fs/pnode.c excluded.
          L=$(for i in $SYMS; do git grep -w -l MS_$i $FILES; done| sort|uniq|grep -v '^fs/namespace.c'|grep -v '^fs/pnode.c')
      
          for f in $L; do sed -i $f $SED_PROG; done
      Requested-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      1751e8a6
  3. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  4. 09 May, 2016 1 commit
  5. 15 Jan, 2016 1 commit
    • Vladimir Davydov's avatar
      kmemcg: account certain kmem allocations to memcg · 5d097056
      Vladimir Davydov authored
      Mark those kmem allocations that are known to be easily triggered from
      userspace as __GFP_ACCOUNT/SLAB_ACCOUNT, which makes them accounted to
      memcg.  For the list, see below:
      
       - threadinfo
       - task_struct
       - task_delay_info
       - pid
       - cred
       - mm_struct
       - vm_area_struct and vm_region (nommu)
       - anon_vma and anon_vma_chain
       - signal_struct
       - sighand_struct
       - fs_struct
       - files_struct
       - fdtable and fdtable->full_fds_bits
       - dentry and external_name
       - inode for all filesystems. This is the most tedious part, because
         most filesystems overwrite the alloc_inode method.
      
      The list is far from complete, so feel free to add more objects.
      Nevertheless, it should be close to "account everything" approach and
      keep most workloads within bounds.  Malevolent users will be able to
      breach the limit, but this was possible even with the former "account
      everything" approach (simply because it did not account everything in
      fact).
      
      [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarVladimir Davydov <vdavydov@virtuozzo.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarJohannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
      Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
      Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
      Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
      Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
      Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
      Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      5d097056
  6. 09 Dec, 2015 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      don't put symlink bodies in pagecache into highmem · 21fc61c7
      Al Viro authored
      kmap() in page_follow_link_light() needed to go - allowing to hold
      an arbitrary number of kmaps for long is a great way to deadlocking
      the system.
      
      new helper (inode_nohighmem(inode)) needs to be used for pagecache
      symlinks inodes; done for all in-tree cases.  page_follow_link_light()
      instrumented to yell about anything missed.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      21fc61c7
  7. 13 Mar, 2014 1 commit
    • Theodore Ts'o's avatar
      fs: push sync_filesystem() down to the file system's remount_fs() · 02b9984d
      Theodore Ts'o authored
      Previously, the no-op "mount -o mount /dev/xxx" operation when the
      file system is already mounted read-write causes an implied,
      unconditional syncfs().  This seems pretty stupid, and it's certainly
      documented or guaraunteed to do this, nor is it particularly useful,
      except in the case where the file system was mounted rw and is getting
      remounted read-only.
      
      However, it's possible that there might be some file systems that are
      actually depending on this behavior.  In most file systems, it's
      probably fine to only call sync_filesystem() when transitioning from
      read-write to read-only, and there are some file systems where this is
      not needed at all (for example, for a pseudo-filesystem or something
      like romfs).
      Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o's avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
      Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
      Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <dedekind1@gmail.com>
      Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
      Cc: Evgeniy Dushistov <dushistov@mail.ru>
      Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Cc: OGAWA Hirofumi <hirofumi@mail.parknet.co.jp>
      Cc: Anders Larsen <al@alarsen.net>
      Cc: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
      Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Cc: Mikulas Patocka <mikulas@artax.karlin.mff.cuni.cz>
      Cc: Petr Vandrovec <petr@vandrovec.name>
      Cc: xfs@oss.sgi.com
      Cc: linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org
      Cc: linux-cifs@vger.kernel.org
      Cc: samba-technical@lists.samba.org
      Cc: codalist@coda.cs.cmu.edu
      Cc: linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org
      Cc: linux-f2fs-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
      Cc: fuse-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
      Cc: cluster-devel@redhat.com
      Cc: linux-mtd@lists.infradead.org
      Cc: jfs-discussion@lists.sourceforge.net
      Cc: linux-nfs@vger.kernel.org
      Cc: linux-nilfs@vger.kernel.org
      Cc: linux-ntfs-dev@lists.sourceforge.net
      Cc: ocfs2-devel@oss.oracle.com
      Cc: reiserfs-devel@vger.kernel.org
      02b9984d
  8. 25 Jan, 2014 1 commit
  9. 09 Nov, 2013 1 commit
  10. 29 Jun, 2013 1 commit
  11. 04 Mar, 2013 1 commit
    • Eric W. Biederman's avatar
      fs: Limit sys_mount to only request filesystem modules. · 7f78e035
      Eric W. Biederman authored
      Modify the request_module to prefix the file system type with "fs-"
      and add aliases to all of the filesystems that can be built as modules
      to match.
      
      A common practice is to build all of the kernel code and leave code
      that is not commonly needed as modules, with the result that many
      users are exposed to any bug anywhere in the kernel.
      
      Looking for filesystems with a fs- prefix limits the pool of possible
      modules that can be loaded by mount to just filesystems trivially
      making things safer with no real cost.
      
      Using aliases means user space can control the policy of which
      filesystem modules are auto-loaded by editing /etc/modprobe.d/*.conf
      with blacklist and alias directives.  Allowing simple, safe,
      well understood work-arounds to known problematic software.
      
      This also addresses a rare but unfortunate problem where the filesystem
      name is not the same as it's module name and module auto-loading
      would not work.  While writing this patch I saw a handful of such
      cases.  The most significant being autofs that lives in the module
      autofs4.
      
      This is relevant to user namespaces because we can reach the request
      module in get_fs_type() without having any special permissions, and
      people get uncomfortable when a user specified string (in this case
      the filesystem type) goes all of the way to request_module.
      
      After having looked at this issue I don't think there is any
      particular reason to perform any filtering or permission checks beyond
      making it clear in the module request that we want a filesystem
      module.  The common pattern in the kernel is to call request_module()
      without regards to the users permissions.  In general all a filesystem
      module does once loaded is call register_filesystem() and go to sleep.
      Which means there is not much attack surface exposed by loading a
      filesytem module unless the filesystem is mounted.  In a user
      namespace filesystems are not mounted unless .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT,
      which most filesystems do not set today.
      Acked-by: default avatarSerge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      Reported-by: default avatarKees Cook <keescook@google.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatar"Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
      7f78e035
  12. 23 Feb, 2013 1 commit
  13. 03 Oct, 2012 1 commit
  14. 21 Sep, 2012 1 commit
  15. 31 Jul, 2012 1 commit
  16. 14 Jul, 2012 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      stop passing nameidata to ->lookup() · 00cd8dd3
      Al Viro authored
      Just the flags; only NFS cares even about that, but there are
      legitimate uses for such argument.  And getting rid of that
      completely would require splitting ->lookup() into a couple
      of methods (at least), so let's leave that alone for now...
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      00cd8dd3
  17. 21 Mar, 2012 4 commits
  18. 19 Jan, 2012 3 commits
  19. 04 Jan, 2012 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      vfs: fix the stupidity with i_dentry in inode destructors · 6b520e05
      Al Viro authored
      Seeing that just about every destructor got that INIT_LIST_HEAD() copied into
      it, there is no point whatsoever keeping this INIT_LIST_HEAD in inode_init_once();
      the cost of taking it into inode_init_always() will be negligible for pipes
      and sockets and negative for everything else.  Not to mention the removal of
      boilerplate code from ->destroy_inode() instances...
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      6b520e05
  20. 20 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  21. 02 Nov, 2011 1 commit
  22. 10 Mar, 2011 1 commit
  23. 07 Jan, 2011 1 commit
    • Nick Piggin's avatar
      fs: icache RCU free inodes · fa0d7e3d
      Nick Piggin authored
      RCU free the struct inode. This will allow:
      
      - Subsequent store-free path walking patch. The inode must be consulted for
        permissions when walking, so an RCU inode reference is a must.
      - sb_inode_list_lock to be moved inside i_lock because sb list walkers who want
        to take i_lock no longer need to take sb_inode_list_lock to walk the list in
        the first place. This will simplify and optimize locking.
      - Could remove some nested trylock loops in dcache code
      - Could potentially simplify things a bit in VM land. Do not need to take the
        page lock to follow page->mapping.
      
      The downsides of this is the performance cost of using RCU. In a simple
      creat/unlink microbenchmark, performance drops by about 10% due to inability to
      reuse cache-hot slab objects. As iterations increase and RCU freeing starts
      kicking over, this increases to about 20%.
      
      In cases where inode lifetimes are longer (ie. many inodes may be allocated
      during the average life span of a single inode), a lot of this cache reuse is
      not applicable, so the regression caused by this patch is smaller.
      
      The cache-hot regression could largely be avoided by using SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU,
      however this adds some complexity to list walking and store-free path walking,
      so I prefer to implement this at a later date, if it is shown to be a win in
      real situations. I haven't found a regression in any non-micro benchmark so I
      doubt it will be a problem.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarNick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
      fa0d7e3d
  24. 29 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  25. 21 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  26. 04 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • Jan Blunck's avatar
      BKL: Explicitly add BKL around get_sb/fill_super · db719222
      Jan Blunck authored
      This patch is a preparation necessary to remove the BKL from do_new_mount().
      It explicitly adds calls to lock_kernel()/unlock_kernel() around
      get_sb/fill_super operations for filesystems that still uses the BKL.
      
      I've read through all the code formerly covered by the BKL inside
      do_kern_mount() and have satisfied myself that it doesn't need the BKL
      any more.
      
      do_kern_mount() is already called without the BKL when mounting the rootfs
      and in nfsctl. do_kern_mount() calls vfs_kern_mount(), which is called
      from various places without BKL: simple_pin_fs(), nfs_do_clone_mount()
      through nfs_follow_mountpoint(), afs_mntpt_do_automount() through
      afs_mntpt_follow_link(). Both later functions are actually the filesystems
      follow_link inode operation. vfs_kern_mount() is calling the specified
      get_sb function and lets the filesystem do its job by calling the given
      fill_super function.
      
      Therefore I think it is safe to push down the BKL from the VFS to the
      low-level filesystems get_sb/fill_super operation.
      
      [arnd: do not add the BKL to those file systems that already
             don't use it elsewhere]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Blunck <jblunck@infradead.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew@wil.cx>
      Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
      db719222
  27. 09 Aug, 2010 1 commit
  28. 28 May, 2010 1 commit
    • Christoph Hellwig's avatar
      rename the generic fsync implementations · 1b061d92
      Christoph Hellwig authored
      We don't name our generic fsync implementations very well currently.
      The no-op implementation for in-memory filesystems currently is called
      simple_sync_file which doesn't make too much sense to start with,
      the the generic one for simple filesystems is called simple_fsync
      which can lead to some confusion.
      
      This patch renames the generic file fsync method to generic_file_fsync
      to match the other generic_file_* routines it is supposed to be used
      with, and the no-op implementation to noop_fsync to make it obvious
      what to expect.  In addition add some documentation for both methods.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      1b061d92
  29. 27 May, 2010 1 commit
    • jan Blunck's avatar
      fs/: do not fallback to default_llseek() when readdir() uses BKL · ca572727
      jan Blunck authored
      Do not use the fallback default_llseek() if the readdir operation of the
      filesystem still uses the big kernel lock.
      
      Since llseek() modifies
      file->f_pos of the directory directly it may need locking to not confuse
      readdir which usually uses file->f_pos directly as well
      
      Since the special characteristics of the BKL (unlocked on schedule) are
      not necessary in this case, the inode mutex can be used for locking as
      provided by generic_file_llseek().  This is only possible since all
      filesystems, except reiserfs, either use a directory as a flat file or
      with disk address offsets.  Reiserfs on the other hand uses a 32bit hash
      off the filename as the offset so generic_file_llseek() can get used as
      well since the hash is always smaller than sb->s_maxbytes (= (512 << 32) -
      blocksize).
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Blunck <jblunck@suse.de>
      Acked-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Acked-by: Anders Larsen's avatarAnders Larsen <al@alarsen.net>
      Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      ca572727
  30. 04 Feb, 2010 1 commit
  31. 16 Dec, 2009 2 commits
  32. 09 Nov, 2009 1 commit
  33. 23 Sep, 2009 1 commit
  34. 12 Jun, 2009 1 commit