1. 07 Sep, 2018 5 commits
  2. 29 Aug, 2018 1 commit
  3. 13 Aug, 2018 3 commits
  4. 12 Jul, 2018 3 commits
  5. 12 Jun, 2018 1 commit
    • Kees Cook's avatar
      treewide: kmalloc() -> kmalloc_array() · 6da2ec56
      Kees Cook authored
      The kmalloc() function has a 2-factor argument form, kmalloc_array(). This
      patch replaces cases of:
      
              kmalloc(a * b, gfp)
      
      with:
              kmalloc_array(a * b, gfp)
      
      as well as handling cases of:
      
              kmalloc(a * b * c, gfp)
      
      with:
      
              kmalloc(array3_size(a, b, c), gfp)
      
      as it's slightly less ugly than:
      
              kmalloc_array(array_size(a, b), c, gfp)
      
      This does, however, attempt to ignore constant size factors like:
      
              kmalloc(4 * 1024, gfp)
      
      though any constants defined via macros get caught up in the conversion.
      
      Any factors with a sizeof() of "unsigned char", "char", and "u8" were
      dropped, since they're redundant.
      
      The tools/ directory was manually excluded, since it has its own
      implementation of kmalloc().
      
      The Coccinelle script used for this was:
      
      // Fix redundant parens around sizeof().
      @@
      type TYPE;
      expression THING, E;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(
      -	(sizeof(TYPE)) * E
      +	sizeof(TYPE) * E
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(sizeof(THING)) * E
      +	sizeof(THING) * E
        , ...)
      )
      
      // Drop single-byte sizes and redundant parens.
      @@
      expression COUNT;
      typedef u8;
      typedef __u8;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(u8) * (COUNT)
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(__u8) * (COUNT)
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(char) * (COUNT)
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(unsigned char) * (COUNT)
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(u8) * COUNT
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(__u8) * COUNT
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(char) * COUNT
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(unsigned char) * COUNT
      +	COUNT
        , ...)
      )
      
      // 2-factor product with sizeof(type/expression) and identifier or constant.
      @@
      type TYPE;
      expression THING;
      identifier COUNT_ID;
      constant COUNT_CONST;
      @@
      
      (
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT_ID)
      +	COUNT_ID, sizeof(TYPE)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT_ID
      +	COUNT_ID, sizeof(TYPE)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT_CONST)
      +	COUNT_CONST, sizeof(TYPE)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT_CONST
      +	COUNT_CONST, sizeof(TYPE)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(THING) * (COUNT_ID)
      +	COUNT_ID, sizeof(THING)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(THING) * COUNT_ID
      +	COUNT_ID, sizeof(THING)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(THING) * (COUNT_CONST)
      +	COUNT_CONST, sizeof(THING)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(THING) * COUNT_CONST
      +	COUNT_CONST, sizeof(THING)
        , ...)
      )
      
      // 2-factor product, only identifiers.
      @@
      identifier SIZE, COUNT;
      @@
      
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	SIZE * COUNT
      +	COUNT, SIZE
        , ...)
      
      // 3-factor product with 1 sizeof(type) or sizeof(expression), with
      // redundant parens removed.
      @@
      expression THING;
      identifier STRIDE, COUNT;
      type TYPE;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT) * (STRIDE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT) * STRIDE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT * (STRIDE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT * STRIDE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(THING) * (COUNT) * (STRIDE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(THING) * (COUNT) * STRIDE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(THING) * COUNT * (STRIDE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(THING) * COUNT * STRIDE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING))
        , ...)
      )
      
      // 3-factor product with 2 sizeof(variable), with redundant parens removed.
      @@
      expression THING1, THING2;
      identifier COUNT;
      type TYPE1, TYPE2;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(TYPE2) * COUNT
      +	array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(TYPE2))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(THING2) * (COUNT)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(TYPE2))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(THING1) * sizeof(THING2) * COUNT
      +	array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(THING1), sizeof(THING2))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(THING1) * sizeof(THING2) * (COUNT)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(THING1), sizeof(THING2))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(THING2) * COUNT
      +	array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(THING2))
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(THING2) * (COUNT)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(THING2))
        , ...)
      )
      
      // 3-factor product, only identifiers, with redundant parens removed.
      @@
      identifier STRIDE, SIZE, COUNT;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(
      -	(COUNT) * STRIDE * SIZE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	COUNT * (STRIDE) * SIZE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	COUNT * STRIDE * (SIZE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(COUNT) * (STRIDE) * SIZE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	COUNT * (STRIDE) * (SIZE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(COUNT) * STRIDE * (SIZE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(COUNT) * (STRIDE) * (SIZE)
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	COUNT * STRIDE * SIZE
      +	array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE)
        , ...)
      )
      
      // Any remaining multi-factor products, first at least 3-factor products,
      // when they're not all constants...
      @@
      expression E1, E2, E3;
      constant C1, C2, C3;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(C1 * C2 * C3, ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(E1) * E2 * E3
      +	array3_size(E1, E2, E3)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(E1) * (E2) * E3
      +	array3_size(E1, E2, E3)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	(E1) * (E2) * (E3)
      +	array3_size(E1, E2, E3)
        , ...)
      |
        kmalloc(
      -	E1 * E2 * E3
      +	array3_size(E1, E2, E3)
        , ...)
      )
      
      // And then all remaining 2 factors products when they're not all constants,
      // keeping sizeof() as the second factor argument.
      @@
      expression THING, E1, E2;
      type TYPE;
      constant C1, C2, C3;
      @@
      
      (
        kmalloc(sizeof(THING) * C2, ...)
      |
        kmalloc(sizeof(TYPE) * C2, ...)
      |
        kmalloc(C1 * C2 * C3, ...)
      |
        kmalloc(C1 * C2, ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * (E2)
      +	E2, sizeof(TYPE)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(TYPE) * E2
      +	E2, sizeof(TYPE)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(THING) * (E2)
      +	E2, sizeof(THING)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	sizeof(THING) * E2
      +	E2, sizeof(THING)
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	(E1) * E2
      +	E1, E2
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	(E1) * (E2)
      +	E1, E2
        , ...)
      |
      - kmalloc
      + kmalloc_array
        (
      -	E1 * E2
      +	E1, E2
        , ...)
      )
      Signed-off-by: default avatarKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
      6da2ec56
  6. 08 Jun, 2018 1 commit
  7. 22 May, 2018 1 commit
  8. 06 Apr, 2018 4 commits
  9. 04 Apr, 2018 1 commit
    • David Howells's avatar
      fscache: Attach the index key and aux data to the cookie · 402cb8dd
      David Howells authored
      Attach copies of the index key and auxiliary data to the fscache cookie so
      that:
      
       (1) The callbacks to the netfs for this stuff can be eliminated.  This
           can simplify things in the cache as the information is still
           available, even after the cache has relinquished the cookie.
      
       (2) Simplifies the locking requirements of accessing the information as we
           don't have to worry about the netfs object going away on us.
      
       (3) The cache can do lazy updating of the coherency information on disk.
           As long as the cache is flushed before reboot/poweroff, there's no
           need to update the coherency info on disk every time it changes.
      
       (4) Cookies can be hashed or put in a tree as the index key is easily
           available.  This allows:
      
           (a) Checks for duplicate cookies can be made at the top fscache layer
           	 rather than down in the bowels of the cache backend.
      
           (b) Caching can be added to a netfs object that has a cookie if the
           	 cache is brought online after the netfs object is allocated.
      
      A certain amount of space is made in the cookie for inline copies of the
      data, but if it won't fit there, extra memory will be allocated for it.
      
      The downside of this is that live cache operation requires more memory.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarAnna Schumaker <anna.schumaker@netapp.com>
      Tested-by: default avatarSteve Dickson <steved@redhat.com>
      402cb8dd
  10. 01 Jan, 2018 1 commit
  11. 27 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Rename superblock flags (MS_xyz -> SB_xyz) · 1751e8a6
      Linus Torvalds authored
      This is a pure automated search-and-replace of the internal kernel
      superblock flags.
      
      The s_flags are now called SB_*, with the names and the values for the
      moment mirroring the MS_* flags that they're equivalent to.
      
      Note how the MS_xyz flags are the ones passed to the mount system call,
      while the SB_xyz flags are what we then use in sb->s_flags.
      
      The script to do this was:
      
          # places to look in; re security/*: it generally should *not* be
          # touched (that stuff parses mount(2) arguments directly), but
          # there are two places where we really deal with superblock flags.
          FILES="drivers/mtd drivers/staging/lustre fs ipc mm \
                  include/linux/fs.h include/uapi/linux/bfs_fs.h \
                  security/apparmor/apparmorfs.c security/apparmor/include/lib.h"
          # the list of MS_... constants
          SYMS="RDONLY NOSUID NODEV NOEXEC SYNCHRONOUS REMOUNT MANDLOCK \
                DIRSYNC NOATIME NODIRATIME BIND MOVE REC VERBOSE SILENT \
                POSIXACL UNBINDABLE PRIVATE SLAVE SHARED RELATIME KERNMOUNT \
                I_VERSION STRICTATIME LAZYTIME SUBMOUNT NOREMOTELOCK NOSEC BORN \
                ACTIVE NOUSER"
      
          SED_PROG=
          for i in $SYMS; do SED_PROG="$SED_PROG -e s/MS_$i/SB_$i/g"; done
      
          # we want files that contain at least one of MS_...,
          # with fs/namespace.c and fs/pnode.c excluded.
          L=$(for i in $SYMS; do git grep -w -l MS_$i $FILES; done| sort|uniq|grep -v '^fs/namespace.c'|grep -v '^fs/pnode.c')
      
          for f in $L; do sed -i $f $SED_PROG; done
      Requested-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      1751e8a6
  12. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  13. 24 Oct, 2017 1 commit
  14. 11 Oct, 2017 1 commit
  15. 07 Sep, 2017 1 commit
  16. 01 Aug, 2017 1 commit
    • Jeff Layton's avatar
      fs: convert a pile of fsync routines to errseq_t based reporting · 3b49c9a1
      Jeff Layton authored
      This patch converts most of the in-kernel filesystems that do writeback
      out of the pagecache to report errors using the errseq_t-based
      infrastructure that was recently added. This allows them to report
      errors once for each open file description.
      
      Most filesystems have a fairly straightforward fsync operation. They
      call filemap_write_and_wait_range to write back all of the data and
      wait on it, and then (sometimes) sync out the metadata.
      
      For those filesystems this is a straightforward conversion from calling
      filemap_write_and_wait_range in their fsync operation to calling
      file_write_and_wait_range.
      Acked-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
      Acked-by: default avatarDave Kleikamp <dave.kleikamp@oracle.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
      3b49c9a1
  17. 16 Jul, 2017 1 commit
    • Benjamin Coddington's avatar
      fs/locks: Remove fl_nspid and use fs-specific l_pid for remote locks · 9d5b86ac
      Benjamin Coddington authored
      Since commit c69899a1 "NFSv4: Update of VFS byte range lock must be
      atomic with the stateid update", NFSv4 has been inserting locks in rpciod
      worker context.  The result is that the file_lock's fl_nspid is the
      kworker's pid instead of the original userspace pid.
      
      The fl_nspid is only used to represent the namespaced virtual pid number
      when displaying locks or returning from F_GETLK.  There's no reason to set
      it for every inserted lock, since we can usually just look it up from
      fl_pid.  So, instead of looking up and holding struct pid for every lock,
      let's just look up the virtual pid number from fl_pid when it is needed.
      That means we can remove fl_nspid entirely.
      
      The translaton and presentation of fl_pid should handle the following four
      cases:
      
      1 - F_GETLK on a remote file with a remote lock:
          In this case, the filesystem should determine the l_pid to return here.
          Filesystems should indicate that the fl_pid represents a non-local pid
          value that should not be translated by returning an fl_pid <= 0.
      
      2 - F_GETLK on a local file with a remote lock:
          This should be the l_pid of the lock manager process, and translated.
      
      3 - F_GETLK on a remote file with a local lock, and
      4 - F_GETLK on a local file with a local lock:
          These should be the translated l_pid of the local locking process.
      
      Fuse was already doing the correct thing by translating the pid into the
      caller's namespace.  With this change we must update fuse to translate
      to init's pid namespace, so that the locks API can then translate from
      init's pid namespace into the pid namespace of the caller.
      
      With this change, the locks API will expect that if a filesystem returns
      a remote pid as opposed to a local pid for F_GETLK, that remote pid will
      be <= 0.  This signifies that the pid is remote, and the locks API will
      forego translating that pid into the pid namespace of the local calling
      process.
      
      Finally, we convert remote filesystems to present remote pids using
      negative numbers. Have lustre, 9p, ceph, cifs, and dlm negate the remote
      pid returned for F_GETLK lock requests.
      
      Since local pids will never be larger than PID_MAX_LIMIT (which is
      currently defined as <= 4 million), but pid_t is an unsigned int, we
      should have plenty of room to represent remote pids with negative
      numbers if we assume that remote pid numbers are similarly limited.
      
      If this is not the case, then we run the risk of having a remote pid
      returned for which there is also a corresponding local pid.  This is a
      problem we have now, but this patch should reduce the chances of that
      occurring, while also returning those remote pid numbers, for whatever
      that may be worth.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarBenjamin Coddington <bcodding@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarJeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com>
      9d5b86ac
  18. 11 Jul, 2017 1 commit
    • David Howells's avatar
      9p: Implement show_options · c4fac910
      David Howells authored
      Implement the show_options superblock op for 9p as part of a bid to get
      rid of s_options and generic_show_options() to make it easier to implement
      a context-based mount where the mount options can be passed individually
      over a file descriptor.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com>
      cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov>
      cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net>
      cc: v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      c4fac910
  19. 20 Apr, 2017 1 commit
  20. 03 Mar, 2017 1 commit
    • David Howells's avatar
      statx: Add a system call to make enhanced file info available · a528d35e
      David Howells authored
      Add a system call to make extended file information available, including
      file creation and some attribute flags where available through the
      underlying filesystem.
      
      The getattr inode operation is altered to take two additional arguments: a
      u32 request_mask and an unsigned int flags that indicate the
      synchronisation mode.  This change is propagated to the vfs_getattr*()
      function.
      
      Functions like vfs_stat() are now inline wrappers around new functions
      vfs_statx() and vfs_statx_fd() to reduce stack usage.
      
      ========
      OVERVIEW
      ========
      
      The idea was initially proposed as a set of xattrs that could be retrieved
      with getxattr(), but the general preference proved to be for a new syscall
      with an extended stat structure.
      
      A number of requests were gathered for features to be included.  The
      following have been included:
      
       (1) Make the fields a consistent size on all arches and make them large.
      
       (2) Spare space, request flags and information flags are provided for
           future expansion.
      
       (3) Better support for the y2038 problem [Arnd Bergmann] (tv_sec is an
           __s64).
      
       (4) Creation time: The SMB protocol carries the creation time, which could
           be exported by Samba, which will in turn help CIFS make use of
           FS-Cache as that can be used for coherency data (stx_btime).
      
           This is also specified in NFSv4 as a recommended attribute and could
           be exported by NFSD [Steve French].
      
       (5) Lightweight stat: Ask for just those details of interest, and allow a
           netfs (such as NFS) to approximate anything not of interest, possibly
           without going to the server [Trond Myklebust, Ulrich Drepper, Andreas
           Dilger] (AT_STATX_DONT_SYNC).
      
       (6) Heavyweight stat: Force a netfs to go to the server, even if it thinks
           its cached attributes are up to date [Trond Myklebust]
           (AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC).
      
      And the following have been left out for future extension:
      
       (7) Data version number: Could be used by userspace NFS servers [Aneesh
           Kumar].
      
           Can also be used to modify fill_post_wcc() in NFSD which retrieves
           i_version directly, but has just called vfs_getattr().  It could get
           it from the kstat struct if it used vfs_xgetattr() instead.
      
           (There's disagreement on the exact semantics of a single field, since
           not all filesystems do this the same way).
      
       (8) BSD stat compatibility: Including more fields from the BSD stat such
           as creation time (st_btime) and inode generation number (st_gen)
           [Jeremy Allison, Bernd Schubert].
      
       (9) Inode generation number: Useful for FUSE and userspace NFS servers
           [Bernd Schubert].
      
           (This was asked for but later deemed unnecessary with the
           open-by-handle capability available and caused disagreement as to
           whether it's a security hole or not).
      
      (10) Extra coherency data may be useful in making backups [Andreas Dilger].
      
           (No particular data were offered, but things like last backup
           timestamp, the data version number and the DOS archive bit would come
           into this category).
      
      (11) Allow the filesystem to indicate what it can/cannot provide: A
           filesystem can now say it doesn't support a standard stat feature if
           that isn't available, so if, for instance, inode numbers or UIDs don't
           exist or are fabricated locally...
      
           (This requires a separate system call - I have an fsinfo() call idea
           for this).
      
      (12) Store a 16-byte volume ID in the superblock that can be returned in
           struct xstat [Steve French].
      
           (Deferred to fsinfo).
      
      (13) Include granularity fields in the time data to indicate the
           granularity of each of the times (NFSv4 time_delta) [Steve French].
      
           (Deferred to fsinfo).
      
      (14) FS_IOC_GETFLAGS value.  These could be translated to BSD's st_flags.
           Note that the Linux IOC flags are a mess and filesystems such as Ext4
           define flags that aren't in linux/fs.h, so translation in the kernel
           may be a necessity (or, possibly, we provide the filesystem type too).
      
           (Some attributes are made available in stx_attributes, but the general
           feeling was that the IOC flags were to ext[234]-specific and shouldn't
           be exposed through statx this way).
      
      (15) Mask of features available on file (eg: ACLs, seclabel) [Brad Boyer,
           Michael Kerrisk].
      
           (Deferred, probably to fsinfo.  Finding out if there's an ACL or
           seclabal might require extra filesystem operations).
      
      (16) Femtosecond-resolution timestamps [Dave Chinner].
      
           (A __reserved field has been left in the statx_timestamp struct for
           this - if there proves to be a need).
      
      (17) A set multiple attributes syscall to go with this.
      
      ===============
      NEW SYSTEM CALL
      ===============
      
      The new system call is:
      
      	int ret = statx(int dfd,
      			const char *filename,
      			unsigned int flags,
      			unsigned int mask,
      			struct statx *buffer);
      
      The dfd, filename and flags parameters indicate the file to query, in a
      similar way to fstatat().  There is no equivalent of lstat() as that can be
      emulated with statx() by passing AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW in flags.  There is
      also no equivalent of fstat() as that can be emulated by passing a NULL
      filename to statx() with the fd of interest in dfd.
      
      Whether or not statx() synchronises the attributes with the backing store
      can be controlled by OR'ing a value into the flags argument (this typically
      only affects network filesystems):
      
       (1) AT_STATX_SYNC_AS_STAT tells statx() to behave as stat() does in this
           respect.
      
       (2) AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC will require a network filesystem to synchronise
           its attributes with the server - which might require data writeback to
           occur to get the timestamps correct.
      
       (3) AT_STATX_DONT_SYNC will suppress synchronisation with the server in a
           network filesystem.  The resulting values should be considered
           approximate.
      
      mask is a bitmask indicating the fields in struct statx that are of
      interest to the caller.  The user should set this to STATX_BASIC_STATS to
      get the basic set returned by stat().  It should be noted that asking for
      more information may entail extra I/O operations.
      
      buffer points to the destination for the data.  This must be 256 bytes in
      size.
      
      ======================
      MAIN ATTRIBUTES RECORD
      ======================
      
      The following structures are defined in which to return the main attribute
      set:
      
      	struct statx_timestamp {
      		__s64	tv_sec;
      		__s32	tv_nsec;
      		__s32	__reserved;
      	};
      
      	struct statx {
      		__u32	stx_mask;
      		__u32	stx_blksize;
      		__u64	stx_attributes;
      		__u32	stx_nlink;
      		__u32	stx_uid;
      		__u32	stx_gid;
      		__u16	stx_mode;
      		__u16	__spare0[1];
      		__u64	stx_ino;
      		__u64	stx_size;
      		__u64	stx_blocks;
      		__u64	__spare1[1];
      		struct statx_timestamp	stx_atime;
      		struct statx_timestamp	stx_btime;
      		struct statx_timestamp	stx_ctime;
      		struct statx_timestamp	stx_mtime;
      		__u32	stx_rdev_major;
      		__u32	stx_rdev_minor;
      		__u32	stx_dev_major;
      		__u32	stx_dev_minor;
      		__u64	__spare2[14];
      	};
      
      The defined bits in request_mask and stx_mask are:
      
      	STATX_TYPE		Want/got stx_mode & S_IFMT
      	STATX_MODE		Want/got stx_mode & ~S_IFMT
      	STATX_NLINK		Want/got stx_nlink
      	STATX_UID		Want/got stx_uid
      	STATX_GID		Want/got stx_gid
      	STATX_ATIME		Want/got stx_atime{,_ns}
      	STATX_MTIME		Want/got stx_mtime{,_ns}
      	STATX_CTIME		Want/got stx_ctime{,_ns}
      	STATX_INO		Want/got stx_ino
      	STATX_SIZE		Want/got stx_size
      	STATX_BLOCKS		Want/got stx_blocks
      	STATX_BASIC_STATS	[The stuff in the normal stat struct]
      	STATX_BTIME		Want/got stx_btime{,_ns}
      	STATX_ALL		[All currently available stuff]
      
      stx_btime is the file creation time, stx_mask is a bitmask indicating the
      data provided and __spares*[] are where as-yet undefined fields can be
      placed.
      
      Time fields are structures with separate seconds and nanoseconds fields
      plus a reserved field in case we want to add even finer resolution.  Note
      that times will be negative if before 1970; in such a case, the nanosecond
      fields will also be negative if not zero.
      
      The bits defined in the stx_attributes field convey information about a
      file, how it is accessed, where it is and what it does.  The following
      attributes map to FS_*_FL flags and are the same numerical value:
      
      	STATX_ATTR_COMPRESSED		File is compressed by the fs
      	STATX_ATTR_IMMUTABLE		File is marked immutable
      	STATX_ATTR_APPEND		File is append-only
      	STATX_ATTR_NODUMP		File is not to be dumped
      	STATX_ATTR_ENCRYPTED		File requires key to decrypt in fs
      
      Within the kernel, the supported flags are listed by:
      
      	KSTAT_ATTR_FS_IOC_FLAGS
      
      [Are any other IOC flags of sufficient general interest to be exposed
      through this interface?]
      
      New flags include:
      
      	STATX_ATTR_AUTOMOUNT		Object is an automount trigger
      
      These are for the use of GUI tools that might want to mark files specially,
      depending on what they are.
      
      Fields in struct statx come in a number of classes:
      
       (0) stx_dev_*, stx_blksize.
      
           These are local system information and are always available.
      
       (1) stx_mode, stx_nlinks, stx_uid, stx_gid, stx_[amc]time, stx_ino,
           stx_size, stx_blocks.
      
           These will be returned whether the caller asks for them or not.  The
           corresponding bits in stx_mask will be set to indicate whether they
           actually have valid values.
      
           If the caller didn't ask for them, then they may be approximated.  For
           example, NFS won't waste any time updating them from the server,
           unless as a byproduct of updating something requested.
      
           If the values don't actually exist for the underlying object (such as
           UID or GID on a DOS file), then the bit won't be set in the stx_mask,
           even if the caller asked for the value.  In such a case, the returned
           value will be a fabrication.
      
           Note that there are instances where the type might not be valid, for
           instance Windows reparse points.
      
       (2) stx_rdev_*.
      
           This will be set only if stx_mode indicates we're looking at a
           blockdev or a chardev, otherwise will be 0.
      
       (3) stx_btime.
      
           Similar to (1), except this will be set to 0 if it doesn't exist.
      
      =======
      TESTING
      =======
      
      The following test program can be used to test the statx system call:
      
      	samples/statx/test-statx.c
      
      Just compile and run, passing it paths to the files you want to examine.
      The file is built automatically if CONFIG_SAMPLES is enabled.
      
      Here's some example output.  Firstly, an NFS directory that crosses to
      another FSID.  Note that the AUTOMOUNT attribute is set because transiting
      this directory will cause d_automount to be invoked by the VFS.
      
      	[root@andromeda ~]# /tmp/test-statx -A /warthog/data
      	statx(/warthog/data) = 0
      	results=7ff
      	  Size: 4096            Blocks: 8          IO Block: 1048576  directory
      	Device: 00:26           Inode: 1703937     Links: 125
      	Access: (3777/drwxrwxrwx)  Uid:     0   Gid:  4041
      	Access: 2016-11-24 09:02:12.219699527+0000
      	Modify: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000
      	Change: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000
      	Attributes: 0000000000001000 (-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ---m---- --------)
      
      Secondly, the result of automounting on that directory.
      
      	[root@andromeda ~]# /tmp/test-statx /warthog/data
      	statx(/warthog/data) = 0
      	results=7ff
      	  Size: 4096            Blocks: 8          IO Block: 1048576  directory
      	Device: 00:27           Inode: 2           Links: 125
      	Access: (3777/drwxrwxrwx)  Uid:     0   Gid:  4041
      	Access: 2016-11-24 09:02:12.219699527+0000
      	Modify: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000
      	Change: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      a528d35e
  21. 02 Mar, 2017 1 commit
  22. 25 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  23. 23 Feb, 2017 1 commit
  24. 12 Jan, 2017 1 commit
  25. 24 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  26. 10 Dec, 2016 1 commit
    • Al Viro's avatar
      9p: saner ->write_end() on failing copy into non-uptodate page · 77469c3f
      Al Viro authored
      If we had a short copy into an uptodate page, there's no reason
      whatsoever to zero anything; OTOH, if that page had _not_ been
      uptodate, we must have been trying to overwrite it completely
      and got a short copy.  In that case, overwriting the end with
      zeroes, marking uptodate and sending to server is just plain
      wrong.  Just unlock, keep it non-uptodate and return 0.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      77469c3f
  27. 09 Dec, 2016 1 commit
  28. 01 Nov, 2016 1 commit
  29. 08 Oct, 2016 1 commit