Commit dc52ddc0 authored by Matt Helsley's avatar Matt Helsley Committed by Linus Torvalds

container freezer: implement freezer cgroup subsystem

This patch implements a new freezer subsystem in the control groups
framework.  It provides a way to stop and resume execution of all tasks in
a cgroup by writing in the cgroup filesystem.

The freezer subsystem in the container filesystem defines a file named
freezer.state.  Writing "FROZEN" to the state file will freeze all tasks
in the cgroup.  Subsequently writing "RUNNING" will unfreeze the tasks in
the cgroup.  Reading will return the current state.

* Examples of usage :

   # mkdir /containers/freezer
   # mount -t cgroup -ofreezer freezer  /containers
   # mkdir /containers/0
   # echo $some_pid > /containers/0/tasks

to get status of the freezer subsystem :

   # cat /containers/0/freezer.state
   RUNNING

to freeze all tasks in the container :

   # echo FROZEN > /containers/0/freezer.state
   # cat /containers/0/freezer.state
   FREEZING
   # cat /containers/0/freezer.state
   FROZEN

to unfreeze all tasks in the container :

   # echo RUNNING > /containers/0/freezer.state
   # cat /containers/0/freezer.state
   RUNNING

This is the basic mechanism which should do the right thing for user space
task in a simple scenario.

It's important to note that freezing can be incomplete.  In that case we
return EBUSY.  This means that some tasks in the cgroup are busy doing
something that prevents us from completely freezing the cgroup at this
time.  After EBUSY, the cgroup will remain partially frozen -- reflected
by freezer.state reporting "FREEZING" when read.  The state will remain
"FREEZING" until one of these things happens:

	1) Userspace cancels the freezing operation by writing "RUNNING" to
		the freezer.state file
	2) Userspace retries the freezing operation by writing "FROZEN" to
		the freezer.state file (writing "FREEZING" is not legal
		and returns EIO)
	3) The tasks that blocked the cgroup from entering the "FROZEN"
		state disappear from the cgroup's set of tasks.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: export thaw_process]
Signed-off-by: default avatarCedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMatt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: default avatarSerge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Tested-by: default avatarMatt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 8174f150
......@@ -70,6 +70,7 @@ config AUTO_IRQ_AFFINITY
default y
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "System setup"
......
......@@ -192,6 +192,8 @@ config VECTORS_BASE
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "System Type"
choice
......
......@@ -72,6 +72,8 @@ config GENERIC_BUG
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "System Type and features"
source "kernel/time/Kconfig"
......
......@@ -64,8 +64,11 @@ config HARDWARE_PM
depends on OPROFILE
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.preempt"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Blackfin Processor Options"
comment "Processor and Board Settings"
......
......@@ -62,6 +62,8 @@ config HZ
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "General setup"
source "fs/Kconfig.binfmt"
......
......@@ -66,6 +66,8 @@ mainmenu "Fujitsu FR-V Kernel Configuration"
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Fujitsu FR-V system setup"
......
......@@ -90,6 +90,8 @@ config HZ
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
source "arch/h8300/Kconfig.cpu"
menu "Executable file formats"
......
......@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@ mainmenu "IA-64 Linux Kernel Configuration"
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
config IA64
......
......@@ -42,6 +42,8 @@ config HZ
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
......
......@@ -62,6 +62,8 @@ mainmenu "Linux/68k Kernel Configuration"
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Platform dependent setup"
config EISA
......
......@@ -75,6 +75,8 @@ config NO_IOPORT
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
choice
......
......@@ -1885,6 +1885,8 @@ config PROBE_INITRD_HEADER
add initrd or initramfs image to the kernel image.
Otherwise, say N.
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Bus options (PCI, PCMCIA, EISA, ISA, TC)"
config HW_HAS_EISA
......
......@@ -68,6 +68,8 @@ mainmenu "Matsushita MN10300/AM33 Kernel Configuration"
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Matsushita MN10300 system setup"
......
......@@ -90,6 +90,8 @@ config ARCH_MAY_HAVE_PC_FDC
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
......
......@@ -230,6 +230,8 @@ config PPC_OF_PLATFORM_PCI
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
source "arch/powerpc/sysdev/Kconfig"
source "arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig"
......
......@@ -78,6 +78,8 @@ config S390
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Base setup"
comment "Processor type and features"
......
......@@ -106,6 +106,8 @@ config IO_TRAPPED
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "System type"
#
......
......@@ -37,6 +37,8 @@ config HZ
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "General machine setup"
config SMP
......
......@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@ config GENERIC_HARDIRQS_NO__DO_IRQ
def_bool y
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
......
......@@ -229,6 +229,8 @@ endmenu
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
source "drivers/block/Kconfig"
source "arch/um/Kconfig.char"
......
......@@ -193,6 +193,7 @@ config X86_TRAMPOLINE
config KTIME_SCALAR
def_bool X86_32
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
......
......@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ config HZ
default 100
source "init/Kconfig"
source "kernel/Kconfig.freezer"
menu "Processor type and features"
......
......@@ -48,3 +48,9 @@ SUBSYS(devices)
#endif
/* */
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER
SUBSYS(freezer)
#endif
/* */
......@@ -46,26 +46,11 @@ static inline bool should_send_signal(struct task_struct *p)
/*
* Wake up a frozen process
*
* task_lock() is taken to prevent the race with refrigerator() which may
* occur if the freezing of tasks fails. Namely, without the lock, if the
* freezing of tasks failed, thaw_tasks() might have run before a task in
* refrigerator() could call frozen_process(), in which case the task would be
* frozen and no one would thaw it.
*/
static inline int thaw_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
task_lock(p);
if (frozen(p)) {
p->flags &= ~PF_FROZEN;
task_unlock(p);
wake_up_process(p);
return 1;
}
clear_freeze_flag(p);
task_unlock(p);
return 0;
}
extern int __thaw_process(struct task_struct *p);
/* Takes and releases task alloc lock using task_lock() */
extern int thaw_process(struct task_struct *p);
extern void refrigerator(void);
extern int freeze_processes(void);
......@@ -83,6 +68,12 @@ static inline int try_to_freeze(void)
extern bool freeze_task(struct task_struct *p, bool sig_only);
extern void cancel_freezing(struct task_struct *p);
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER
extern int cgroup_frozen(struct task_struct *task);
#else /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER */
static inline int cgroup_frozen(struct task_struct *task) { return 0; }
#endif /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER */
/*
* The PF_FREEZER_SKIP flag should be set by a vfork parent right before it
* calls wait_for_completion(&vfork) and reset right after it returns from this
......
......@@ -299,6 +299,13 @@ config CGROUP_NS
for instance virtual servers and checkpoint/restart
jobs.
config CGROUP_FREEZER
bool "control group freezer subsystem"
depends on CGROUPS
help
Provides a way to freeze and unfreeze all tasks in a
cgroup.
config CGROUP_DEVICE
bool "Device controller for cgroups"
depends on CGROUPS && EXPERIMENTAL
......
config FREEZER
def_bool PM_SLEEP || CGROUP_FREEZER
......@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BACKTRACE_SELF_TEST) += backtracetest.o
obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS) += cgroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_DEBUG) += cgroup_debug.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER) += cgroup_freezer.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_NS) += ns_cgroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_UTS_NS) += utsname.o
......
/*
* cgroup_freezer.c - control group freezer subsystem
*
* Copyright IBM Corporation, 2007
*
* Author : Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms of version 2.1 of the GNU Lesser General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful, but
* WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
enum freezer_state {
STATE_RUNNING = 0,
STATE_FREEZING,
STATE_FROZEN,
};
struct freezer {
struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
enum freezer_state state;
spinlock_t lock; /* protects _writes_ to state */
};
static inline struct freezer *cgroup_freezer(
struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
return container_of(
cgroup_subsys_state(cgroup, freezer_subsys_id),
struct freezer, css);
}
static inline struct freezer *task_freezer(struct task_struct *task)
{
return container_of(task_subsys_state(task, freezer_subsys_id),
struct freezer, css);
}
int cgroup_frozen(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
enum freezer_state state;
task_lock(task);
freezer = task_freezer(task);
state = freezer->state;
task_unlock(task);
return state == STATE_FROZEN;
}
/*
* cgroups_write_string() limits the size of freezer state strings to
* CGROUP_LOCAL_BUFFER_SIZE
*/
static const char *freezer_state_strs[] = {
"RUNNING",
"FREEZING",
"FROZEN",
};
/*
* State diagram
* Transitions are caused by userspace writes to the freezer.state file.
* The values in parenthesis are state labels. The rest are edge labels.
*
* (RUNNING) --FROZEN--> (FREEZING) --FROZEN--> (FROZEN)
* ^ ^ | |
* | \_______RUNNING_______/ |
* \_____________________________RUNNING___________/
*/
struct cgroup_subsys freezer_subsys;
/* Locks taken and their ordering
* ------------------------------
* css_set_lock
* cgroup_mutex (AKA cgroup_lock)
* task->alloc_lock (AKA task_lock)
* freezer->lock
* task->sighand->siglock
*
* cgroup code forces css_set_lock to be taken before task->alloc_lock
*
* freezer_create(), freezer_destroy():
* cgroup_mutex [ by cgroup core ]
*
* can_attach():
* cgroup_mutex
*
* cgroup_frozen():
* task->alloc_lock (to get task's cgroup)
*
* freezer_fork() (preserving fork() performance means can't take cgroup_mutex):
* task->alloc_lock (to get task's cgroup)
* freezer->lock
* sighand->siglock (if the cgroup is freezing)
*
* freezer_read():
* cgroup_mutex
* freezer->lock
* read_lock css_set_lock (cgroup iterator start)
*
* freezer_write() (freeze):
* cgroup_mutex
* freezer->lock
* read_lock css_set_lock (cgroup iterator start)
* sighand->siglock
*
* freezer_write() (unfreeze):
* cgroup_mutex
* freezer->lock
* read_lock css_set_lock (cgroup iterator start)
* task->alloc_lock (to prevent races with freeze_task())
* sighand->siglock
*/
static struct cgroup_subsys_state *freezer_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
freezer = kzalloc(sizeof(struct freezer), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!freezer)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
spin_lock_init(&freezer->lock);
freezer->state = STATE_RUNNING;
return &freezer->css;
}
static void freezer_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
kfree(cgroup_freezer(cgroup));
}
static int freezer_can_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
struct cgroup *new_cgroup,
struct task_struct *task)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
int retval = 0;
/*
* The call to cgroup_lock() in the freezer.state write method prevents
* a write to that file racing against an attach, and hence the
* can_attach() result will remain valid until the attach completes.
*/
freezer = cgroup_freezer(new_cgroup);
if (freezer->state == STATE_FROZEN)
retval = -EBUSY;
return retval;
}
static void freezer_fork(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct task_struct *task)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
task_lock(task);
freezer = task_freezer(task);
task_unlock(task);
BUG_ON(freezer->state == STATE_FROZEN);
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
/* Locking avoids race with FREEZING -> RUNNING transitions. */
if (freezer->state == STATE_FREEZING)
freeze_task(task, true);
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
}
/*
* caller must hold freezer->lock
*/
static void check_if_frozen(struct cgroup *cgroup,
struct freezer *freezer)
{
struct cgroup_iter it;
struct task_struct *task;
unsigned int nfrozen = 0, ntotal = 0;
cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it))) {
ntotal++;
/*
* Task is frozen or will freeze immediately when next it gets
* woken
*/
if (frozen(task) ||
(task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) && freezing(task)))
nfrozen++;
}
/*
* Transition to FROZEN when no new tasks can be added ensures
* that we never exist in the FROZEN state while there are unfrozen
* tasks.
*/
if (nfrozen == ntotal)
freezer->state = STATE_FROZEN;
cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);
}
static int freezer_read(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct cftype *cft,
struct seq_file *m)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
enum freezer_state state;
if (!cgroup_lock_live_group(cgroup))
return -ENODEV;
freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
state = freezer->state;
if (state == STATE_FREEZING) {
/* We change from FREEZING to FROZEN lazily if the cgroup was
* only partially frozen when we exitted write. */
check_if_frozen(cgroup, freezer);
state = freezer->state;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
cgroup_unlock();
seq_puts(m, freezer_state_strs[state]);
seq_putc(m, '\n');
return 0;
}
static int try_to_freeze_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct freezer *freezer)
{
struct cgroup_iter it;
struct task_struct *task;
unsigned int num_cant_freeze_now = 0;
freezer->state = STATE_FREEZING;
cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it))) {
if (!freeze_task(task, true))
continue;
if (task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) && freezing(task))
/*
* The freeze flag is set so these tasks will
* immediately go into the fridge upon waking.
*/
continue;
if (!freezing(task) && !freezer_should_skip(task))
num_cant_freeze_now++;
}
cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);
return num_cant_freeze_now ? -EBUSY : 0;
}
static int unfreeze_cgroup(struct cgroup *cgroup, struct freezer *freezer)
{
struct cgroup_iter it;
struct task_struct *task;
cgroup_iter_start(cgroup, &it);
while ((task = cgroup_iter_next(cgroup, &it))) {
int do_wake;
task_lock(task);
do_wake = __thaw_process(task);
task_unlock(task);
if (do_wake)
wake_up_process(task);
}
cgroup_iter_end(cgroup, &it);
freezer->state = STATE_RUNNING;
return 0;
}
static int freezer_change_state(struct cgroup *cgroup,
enum freezer_state goal_state)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
int retval = 0;
freezer = cgroup_freezer(cgroup);
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
check_if_frozen(cgroup, freezer); /* may update freezer->state */
if (goal_state == freezer->state)
goto out;
switch (freezer->state) {
case STATE_RUNNING:
retval = try_to_freeze_cgroup(cgroup, freezer);
break;
case STATE_FREEZING:
if (goal_state == STATE_FROZEN) {
/* Userspace is retrying after
* "/bin/echo FROZEN > freezer.state" returned -EBUSY */
retval = try_to_freeze_cgroup(cgroup, freezer);
break;
}
/* state == FREEZING and goal_state == RUNNING, so unfreeze */
case STATE_FROZEN:
retval = unfreeze_cgroup(cgroup, freezer);
break;
default:
break;
}
out:
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
return retval;
}
static int freezer_write(struct cgroup *cgroup,
struct cftype *cft,
const char *buffer)
{
int retval;
enum freezer_state goal_state;
if (strcmp(buffer, freezer_state_strs[STATE_RUNNING]) == 0)
goal_state = STATE_RUNNING;
else if (strcmp(buffer, freezer_state_strs[STATE_FROZEN]) == 0)
goal_state = STATE_FROZEN;
else
return -EIO;
if (!cgroup_lock_live_group(cgroup))
return -ENODEV;
retval = freezer_change_state(cgroup, goal_state);
cgroup_unlock();
return retval;
}
static struct cftype files[] = {
{
.name = "state",
.read_seq_string = freezer_read,
.write_string = freezer_write,
},
};
static int freezer_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cgroup)
{
return cgroup_add_files(cgroup, ss, files, ARRAY_SIZE(files));
}
struct cgroup_subsys freezer_subsys = {
.name = "freezer",
.create = freezer_create,
.destroy = freezer_destroy,
.populate = freezer_populate,
.subsys_id = freezer_subsys_id,
.can_attach = freezer_can_attach,
.attach = NULL,
.fork = freezer_fork,
.exit = NULL,
};
......@@ -120,3 +120,35 @@ void cancel_freezing(struct task_struct *p)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->sighand->siglock, flags);
}
}
/*
* Wake up a frozen process
*
* task_lock() is needed to prevent the race with refrigerator() which may
* occur if the freezing of tasks fails. Namely, without the lock, if the
* freezing of tasks failed, thaw_tasks() might have run before a task in
* refrigerator() could call frozen_process(), in which case the task would be
* frozen and no one would thaw it.
*/
int __thaw_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
if (frozen(p)) {
p->flags &= ~PF_FROZEN;
return 1;
}
clear_freeze_flag(p);
return 0;
}
int thaw_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
task_lock(p);
if (__thaw_process(p) == 1) {
task_unlock(p);
wake_up_process(p);
return 1;
}
task_unlock(p);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_process);
......@@ -85,9 +85,6 @@ config PM_SLEEP
depends on SUSPEND || HIBERNATION || XEN_SAVE_RESTORE
default y
config FREEZER
def_bool PM_SLEEP
config SUSPEND
bool "Suspend to RAM and standby"
depends on PM && ARCH_SUSPEND_POSSIBLE
......
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