Commit bf8f6e5b authored by Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli's avatar Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli Committed by Linus Torvalds

Kprobes: The ON/OFF knob thru debugfs

This patch provides a debugfs knob to turn kprobes on/off

o A new file /debug/kprobes/enabled indicates if kprobes is enabled or
  not (default enabled)
o Echoing 0 to this file will disarm all installed probes
o Any new probe registration when disabled will register the probe but
  not arm it. A message will be printed out in such a case.
o When a value 1 is echoed to the file, all probes (including ones
  registered in the intervening period) will be enabled
o Unregistration will happen irrespective of whether probes are globally
  enabled or not.
o Update Documentation/kprobes.txt to reflect these changes. While there
  also update the doc to make it current.

We are also looking at providing sysrq key support to tie to the disabling
feature provided by this patch.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: Use bool like a bool!]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: add printk facility levels]
[cornelia.huck@de.ibm.com: Add the missing arch_trampoline_kprobe() for s390]
Signed-off-by: default avatarAnanth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarSrinivasa DS <srinivasa@in.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarCornelia Huck <cornelia.huck@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 4c4308cb
......@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ CONTENTS
8. Kprobes Example
9. Jprobes Example
10. Kretprobes Example
Appendix A: The kprobes debugfs interface
1. Concepts: Kprobes, Jprobes, Return Probes
......@@ -349,9 +350,12 @@ for instrumentation and error reporting.)
If the number of times a function is called does not match the number
of times it returns, registering a return probe on that function may
produce undesirable results. We have the do_exit() case covered.
do_execve() and do_fork() are not an issue. We're unaware of other
specific cases where this could be a problem.
produce undesirable results. In such a case, a line:
kretprobe BUG!: Processing kretprobe d000000000041aa8 @ c00000000004f48c
gets printed. With this information, one will be able to correlate the
exact instance of the kretprobe that caused the problem. We have the
do_exit() case covered. do_execve() and do_fork() are not an issue.
We're unaware of other specific cases where this could be a problem.
If, upon entry to or exit from a function, the CPU is running on
a stack other than that of the current task, registering a return
......@@ -614,3 +618,27 @@ http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/library/l-kprobes.html?ca=dgr-lnxw42Kprobe
http://www.redhat.com/magazine/005mar05/features/kprobes/
http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~boutcher/kprobes/
http://www.linuxsymposium.org/2006/linuxsymposium_procv2.pdf (pages 101-115)
Appendix A: The kprobes debugfs interface
With recent kernels (> 2.6.20) the list of registered kprobes is visible
under the /debug/kprobes/ directory (assuming debugfs is mounted at /debug).
/debug/kprobes/list: Lists all registered probes on the system
c015d71a k vfs_read+0x0
c011a316 j do_fork+0x0
c03dedc5 r tcp_v4_rcv+0x0
The first column provides the kernel address where the probe is inserted.
The second column identifies the type of probe (k - kprobe, r - kretprobe
and j - jprobe), while the third column specifies the symbol+offset of
the probe. If the probed function belongs to a module, the module name
is also specified.
/debug/kprobes/enabled: Turn kprobes ON/OFF
Provides a knob to globally turn registered kprobes ON or OFF. By default,
all kprobes are enabled. By echoing "0" to this file, all registered probes
will be disarmed, till such time a "1" is echoed to this file.
......@@ -743,6 +743,11 @@ int __kprobes longjmp_break_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
return 0;
}
int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
return 0;
}
int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
{
return 0;
......
......@@ -1012,3 +1012,12 @@ int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
(kprobe_opcode_t *)((struct fnptr *)kretprobe_trampoline)->ip;
return register_kprobe(&trampoline_p);
}
int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
if (p->addr ==
(kprobe_opcode_t *)((struct fnptr *)kretprobe_trampoline)->ip)
return 1;
return 0;
}
......@@ -550,3 +550,11 @@ int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
{
return register_kprobe(&trampoline_p);
}
int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
if (p->addr == (kprobe_opcode_t *)&kretprobe_trampoline)
return 1;
return 0;
}
......@@ -661,3 +661,10 @@ int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
{
return register_kprobe(&trampoline_p);
}
int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
if (p->addr == (kprobe_opcode_t *) & kretprobe_trampoline)
return 1;
return 0;
}
......@@ -743,3 +743,11 @@ int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
{
return register_kprobe(&trampoline_p);
}
int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
if (p->addr == (kprobe_opcode_t *)&kretprobe_trampoline)
return 1;
return 0;
}
......@@ -125,11 +125,16 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe_ctlblk, kprobe_ctlblk);
#ifdef ARCH_SUPPORTS_KRETPROBES
extern void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
struct pt_regs *regs);
extern int arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
#else /* ARCH_SUPPORTS_KRETPROBES */
static inline void arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp,
struct pt_regs *regs)
{
}
static inline int arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* ARCH_SUPPORTS_KRETPROBES */
/*
* Function-return probe -
......
......@@ -43,9 +43,11 @@
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <asm-generic/sections.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6
#define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS)
......@@ -64,6 +66,9 @@ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE];
static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE];
static atomic_t kprobe_count;
/* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */
static bool kprobe_enabled;
DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); /* Protects kprobe_table */
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kretprobe_lock); /* Protects kretprobe_inst_table */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL;
......@@ -564,12 +569,13 @@ static int __kprobes __register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p,
hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist,
&kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]);
if (atomic_add_return(1, &kprobe_count) == \
if (kprobe_enabled) {
if (atomic_add_return(1, &kprobe_count) == \
(ARCH_INACTIVE_KPROBE_COUNT + 1))
register_page_fault_notifier(&kprobe_page_fault_nb);
arch_arm_kprobe(p);
register_page_fault_notifier(&kprobe_page_fault_nb);
arch_arm_kprobe(p);
}
out:
mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
......@@ -607,8 +613,13 @@ void __kprobes unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
if (old_p == p ||
(old_p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler &&
p->list.next == &old_p->list && p->list.prev == &old_p->list)) {
/* Only probe on the hash list */
arch_disarm_kprobe(p);
/*
* Only probe on the hash list. Disarm only if kprobes are
* enabled - otherwise, the breakpoint would already have
* been removed. We save on flushing icache.
*/
if (kprobe_enabled)
arch_disarm_kprobe(p);
hlist_del_rcu(&old_p->hlist);
cleanup_p = 1;
} else {
......@@ -797,6 +808,9 @@ static int __init init_kprobes(void)
}
atomic_set(&kprobe_count, 0);
/* By default, kprobes are enabled */
kprobe_enabled = true;
err = arch_init_kprobes();
if (!err)
err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb);
......@@ -806,7 +820,7 @@ static int __init init_kprobes(void)
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
static void __kprobes report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p,
const char *sym, int offset,char *modname)
const char *sym, int offset,char *modname)
{
char *kprobe_type;
......@@ -885,9 +899,130 @@ static struct file_operations debugfs_kprobes_operations = {
.release = seq_release,
};
static void __kprobes enable_all_kprobes(void)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct kprobe *p;
unsigned int i;
mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
/* If kprobes are already enabled, just return */
if (kprobe_enabled)
goto already_enabled;
/*
* Re-register the page fault notifier only if there are any
* active probes at the time of enabling kprobes globally
*/
if (atomic_read(&kprobe_count) > ARCH_INACTIVE_KPROBE_COUNT)
register_page_fault_notifier(&kprobe_page_fault_nb);
for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &kprobe_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist)
arch_arm_kprobe(p);
}
kprobe_enabled = true;
printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally enabled\n");
already_enabled:
mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
return;
}
static void __kprobes disable_all_kprobes(void)
{
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct kprobe *p;
unsigned int i;
mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
/* If kprobes are already disabled, just return */
if (!kprobe_enabled)
goto already_disabled;
kprobe_enabled = false;
printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally disabled\n");
for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
head = &kprobe_table[i];
hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist) {
if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p))
arch_disarm_kprobe(p);
}
}
mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
/* Allow all currently running kprobes to complete */
synchronize_sched();
mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
/* Unconditionally unregister the page_fault notifier */
unregister_page_fault_notifier(&kprobe_page_fault_nb);
already_disabled:
mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
return;
}
/*
* XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks
* when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when
* available
*/
static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file,
char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
char buf[3];
if (kprobe_enabled)
buf[0] = '1';
else
buf[0] = '0';
buf[1] = '\n';
buf[2] = 0x00;
return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2);
}
static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file,
const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
char buf[32];
int buf_size;
buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1));
if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size))
return -EFAULT;
switch (buf[0]) {
case 'y':
case 'Y':
case '1':
enable_all_kprobes();
break;
case 'n':
case 'N':
case '0':
disable_all_kprobes();
break;
}
return count;
}
static struct file_operations fops_kp = {
.read = read_enabled_file_bool,
.write = write_enabled_file_bool,
};
static int __kprobes debugfs_kprobe_init(void)
{
struct dentry *dir, *file;
unsigned int value = 1;
dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL);
if (!dir)
......@@ -900,6 +1035,13 @@ static int __kprobes debugfs_kprobe_init(void)
return -ENOMEM;
}
file = debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir,
&value, &fops_kp);
if (!file) {
debugfs_remove(dir);
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
......
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