Commit a5c6d650 authored by David Rientjes's avatar David Rientjes Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm, page_alloc: extend kernelcore and movablecore for percent

Both kernelcore= and movablecore= can be used to define the amount of
ZONE_NORMAL and ZONE_MOVABLE on a system, respectively.  This requires
the system memory capacity to be known when specifying the command line,
however.

This introduces the ability to define both kernelcore= and movablecore=
as a percentage of total system memory.  This is convenient for systems
software that wants to define the amount of ZONE_MOVABLE, for example,
as a proportion of a system's memory rather than a hardcoded byte value.

To define the percentage, the final character of the parameter should be
a '%'.

mhocko: "why is anyone using these options nowadays?"

rientjes:
:
: Fragmentation of non-__GFP_MOVABLE pages due to low on memory
: situations can pollute most pageblocks on the system, as much as 1GB of
: slab being fragmented over 128GB of memory, for example.  When the
: amount of kernel memory is well bounded for certain systems, it is
: better to aggressively reclaim from existing MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE
: pageblocks rather than eagerly fallback to others.
:
: We have additional patches that help with this fragmentation if you're
: interested, specifically kcompactd compaction of MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE
: pageblocks triggered by fallback of non-__GFP_MOVABLE allocations and
: draining of pcp lists back to the zone free area to prevent stranding.

[rientjes@google.com: updates]
  Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1802131700160.71590@chino.kir.corp.google.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1802121622470.179479@chino.kir.corp.google.comSigned-off-by: default avatarDavid Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: default avatarMike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
parent 31286a84
......@@ -1840,30 +1840,29 @@
keepinitrd [HW,ARM]
kernelcore= [KNL,X86,IA-64,PPC]
Format: nn[KMGTPE] | "mirror"
This parameter
specifies the amount of memory usable by the kernel
for non-movable allocations. The requested amount is
spread evenly throughout all nodes in the system. The
remaining memory in each node is used for Movable
pages. In the event, a node is too small to have both
kernelcore and Movable pages, kernelcore pages will
take priority and other nodes will have a larger number
of Movable pages. The Movable zone is used for the
allocation of pages that may be reclaimed or moved
by the page migration subsystem. This means that
HugeTLB pages may not be allocated from this zone.
Note that allocations like PTEs-from-HighMem still
use the HighMem zone if it exists, and the Normal
Format: nn[KMGTPE] | nn% | "mirror"
This parameter specifies the amount of memory usable by
the kernel for non-movable allocations. The requested
amount is spread evenly throughout all nodes in the
system as ZONE_NORMAL. The remaining memory is used for
movable memory in its own zone, ZONE_MOVABLE. In the
event, a node is too small to have both ZONE_NORMAL and
ZONE_MOVABLE, kernelcore memory will take priority and
other nodes will have a larger ZONE_MOVABLE.
ZONE_MOVABLE is used for the allocation of pages that
may be reclaimed or moved by the page migration
subsystem. Note that allocations like PTEs-from-HighMem
still use the HighMem zone if it exists, and the Normal
zone if it does not.
Instead of specifying the amount of memory (nn[KMGTPE]),
you can specify "mirror" option. In case "mirror"
It is possible to specify the exact amount of memory in
the form of "nn[KMGTPE]", a percentage of total system
memory in the form of "nn%", or "mirror". If "mirror"
option is specified, mirrored (reliable) memory is used
for non-movable allocations and remaining memory is used
for Movable pages. nn[KMGTPE] and "mirror" are exclusive,
so you can NOT specify nn[KMGTPE] and "mirror" at the same
time.
for Movable pages. "nn[KMGTPE]", "nn%", and "mirror"
are exclusive, so you cannot specify multiple forms.
kgdbdbgp= [KGDB,HW] kgdb over EHCI usb debug port.
Format: <Controller#>[,poll interval]
......@@ -2377,13 +2376,14 @@
mousedev.yres= [MOUSE] Vertical screen resolution, used for devices
reporting absolute coordinates, such as tablets
movablecore=nn[KMG] [KNL,X86,IA-64,PPC] This parameter
is similar to kernelcore except it specifies the
amount of memory used for migratable allocations.
If both kernelcore and movablecore is specified,
then kernelcore will be at *least* the specified
value but may be more. If movablecore on its own
is specified, the administrator must be careful
movablecore= [KNL,X86,IA-64,PPC]
Format: nn[KMGTPE] | nn%
This parameter is the complement to kernelcore=, it
specifies the amount of memory used for migratable
allocations. If both kernelcore and movablecore is
specified, then kernelcore will be at *least* the
specified value but may be more. If movablecore on its
own is specified, the administrator must be careful
that the amount of memory usable for all allocations
is not too small.
......
......@@ -273,7 +273,9 @@ static unsigned long __meminitdata dma_reserve;
static unsigned long __meminitdata arch_zone_lowest_possible_pfn[MAX_NR_ZONES];
static unsigned long __meminitdata arch_zone_highest_possible_pfn[MAX_NR_ZONES];
static unsigned long __initdata required_kernelcore;
static unsigned long required_kernelcore_percent __initdata;
static unsigned long __initdata required_movablecore;
static unsigned long required_movablecore_percent __initdata;
static unsigned long __meminitdata zone_movable_pfn[MAX_NUMNODES];
static bool mirrored_kernelcore;
......@@ -6571,7 +6573,18 @@ static void __init find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes(void)
}
/*
* If movablecore=nn[KMG] was specified, calculate what size of
* If kernelcore=nn% or movablecore=nn% was specified, calculate the
* amount of necessary memory.
*/
if (required_kernelcore_percent)
required_kernelcore = (totalpages * 100 * required_kernelcore_percent) /
10000UL;
if (required_movablecore_percent)
required_movablecore = (totalpages * 100 * required_movablecore_percent) /
10000UL;
/*
* If movablecore= was specified, calculate what size of
* kernelcore that corresponds so that memory usable for
* any allocation type is evenly spread. If both kernelcore
* and movablecore are specified, then the value of kernelcore
......@@ -6811,18 +6824,30 @@ void __init free_area_init_nodes(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn)
zero_resv_unavail();
}
static int __init cmdline_parse_core(char *p, unsigned long *core)
static int __init cmdline_parse_core(char *p, unsigned long *core,
unsigned long *percent)
{
unsigned long long coremem;
char *endptr;
if (!p)
return -EINVAL;
coremem = memparse(p, &p);
*core = coremem >> PAGE_SHIFT;
/* Value may be a percentage of total memory, otherwise bytes */
coremem = simple_strtoull(p, &endptr, 0);
if (*endptr == '%') {
/* Paranoid check for percent values greater than 100 */
WARN_ON(coremem > 100);
/* Paranoid check that UL is enough for the coremem value */
WARN_ON((coremem >> PAGE_SHIFT) > ULONG_MAX);
*percent = coremem;
} else {
coremem = memparse(p, &p);
/* Paranoid check that UL is enough for the coremem value */
WARN_ON((coremem >> PAGE_SHIFT) > ULONG_MAX);
*core = coremem >> PAGE_SHIFT;
*percent = 0UL;
}
return 0;
}
......@@ -6838,7 +6863,8 @@ static int __init cmdline_parse_kernelcore(char *p)
return 0;
}
return cmdline_parse_core(p, &required_kernelcore);
return cmdline_parse_core(p, &required_kernelcore,
&required_kernelcore_percent);
}
/*
......@@ -6847,7 +6873,8 @@ static int __init cmdline_parse_kernelcore(char *p)
*/
static int __init cmdline_parse_movablecore(char *p)
{
return cmdline_parse_core(p, &required_movablecore);
return cmdline_parse_core(p, &required_movablecore,
&required_movablecore_percent);
}
early_param("kernelcore", cmdline_parse_kernelcore);
......
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