Commit 8ca2b56c authored by Waiman Long's avatar Waiman Long Committed by Ingo Molnar

locking/lockdep: Make class->ops a percpu counter and move it under CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP=y

A sizable portion of the CPU cycles spent on the __lock_acquire() is used
up by the atomic increment of the class->ops stat counter. By taking it out
from the lock_class structure and changing it to a per-cpu per-lock-class
counter, we can reduce the amount of cacheline contention on the class
structure when multiple CPUs are trying to acquire locks of the same
class simultaneously.

To limit the increase in memory consumption because of the percpu nature
of that counter, it is now put back under the CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
config option. So the memory consumption increase will only occur if
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP is defined. The lock_class structure, however,
is reduced in size by 16 bytes on 64-bit archs after ops removal and
a minor restructuring of the fields.

This patch also fixes a bug in the increment code as the counter is of
the 'unsigned long' type, but atomic_inc() was used to increment it.
Signed-off-by: Waiman Long's avatarWaiman Long <>
Acked-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Will Deacon <>
Link: default avatarIngo Molnar <>
parent ce52a18d
......@@ -99,13 +99,8 @@ struct lock_class {
unsigned int version;
* Statistics counter:
unsigned long ops;
const char *name;
int name_version;
const char *name;
unsigned long contention_point[LOCKSTAT_POINTS];
......@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@ static struct lock_list list_entries[MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES];
* get freed - this significantly simplifies the debugging code.
unsigned long nr_lock_classes;
static struct lock_class lock_classes[MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS];
struct lock_class lock_classes[MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS];
static inline struct lock_class *hlock_class(struct held_lock *hlock)
......@@ -436,6 +436,7 @@ unsigned int max_lockdep_depth;
* Various lockdep statistics:
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct lockdep_stats, lockdep_stats);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long [MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS], lock_class_ops);
......@@ -1392,7 +1393,9 @@ static void print_lock_class_header(struct lock_class *class, int depth)
printk("%*s->", depth, "");
printk(KERN_CONT " ops: %lu", class->ops);
printk(KERN_CONT " ops: %lu", debug_class_ops_read(class));
printk(KERN_CONT " {\n");
for (bit = 0; bit < LOCK_USAGE_STATES; bit++) {
......@@ -3227,7 +3230,9 @@ static int __lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned int subclass,
if (!class)
return 0;
atomic_inc((atomic_t *)&class->ops);
if (very_verbose(class)) {
printk("\nacquire class [%px] %s", class->key, class->name);
if (class->name_version > 1)
......@@ -152,9 +152,15 @@ struct lockdep_stats {
int nr_find_usage_forwards_recursions;
int nr_find_usage_backwards_checks;
int nr_find_usage_backwards_recursions;
* Per lock class locking operation stat counts
unsigned long lock_class_ops[MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS];
DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct lockdep_stats, lockdep_stats);
extern struct lock_class lock_classes[MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS];
#define __debug_atomic_inc(ptr) \
......@@ -179,9 +185,30 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct lockdep_stats, lockdep_stats);
} \
__total; \
static inline void debug_class_ops_inc(struct lock_class *class)
int idx;
idx = class - lock_classes;
static inline unsigned long debug_class_ops_read(struct lock_class *class)
int idx, cpu;
unsigned long ops = 0;
idx = class - lock_classes;
ops += per_cpu(lockdep_stats.lock_class_ops[idx], cpu);
return ops;
# define __debug_atomic_inc(ptr) do { } while (0)
# define debug_atomic_inc(ptr) do { } while (0)
# define debug_atomic_dec(ptr) do { } while (0)
# define debug_atomic_read(ptr) 0
# define debug_class_ops_inc(ptr) do { } while (0)
......@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ static int l_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
seq_printf(m, "%p", class->key);
seq_printf(m, " OPS:%8ld", class->ops);
seq_printf(m, " OPS:%8ld", debug_class_ops_read(class));
seq_printf(m, " FD:%5ld", lockdep_count_forward_deps(class));
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