Commit fff9289b authored by Matt LaPlante's avatar Matt LaPlante Committed by Adrian Bunk

Fix typos in Documentation/: 'D'-'E'

This patch fixes typos in various Documentation txts. This patch addresses
some words starting with the letters 'D'-'E'.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMatt LaPlante <kernel1@cyberdogtech.com>
Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk's avatarAdrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
parent 6c28f2c0
......@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ not been observed, but it would be nice to eliminate any potential for
deadlock under memory pressure.
Because ATA over Ethernet is not fragmented by the kernel's IP code,
the destructore member of the struct sk_buff is available to the aoe
the destructor member of the struct sk_buff is available to the aoe
driver. By using a mempool for allocating all but the first few
sk_buffs, and by registering a destructor, we should be able to
efficiently allocate sk_buffs without introducing any potential for
......
......@@ -1203,6 +1203,6 @@ temporarily map a bio into the virtual address space.
and Linus' comments - Jan 2001)
9.2 Discussions about kiobuf and bh design on lkml between sct, linus, alan
et al - Feb-March 2001 (many of the initial thoughts that led to bio were
brought up in this discusion thread)
brought up in this discussion thread)
9.3 Discussions on mempool on lkml - Dec 2001.
......@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ the /proc filesystem entry which the "block" side of the driver creates as
the SCSI core may not yet be initialized (because the driver is a block
driver) and attempting to register it with the SCSI core in such a case
would cause a hang. This is best done via an initialization script
(typically in /etc/init.d, but could vary depending on distibution).
(typically in /etc/init.d, but could vary depending on distribution).
For example:
for x in /proc/driver/cciss/cciss[0-9]*
......
......@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ The type of **_id is int.
The type of siblings is cpumask_t.
To be consistent on all architectures, the 4 attributes should have
deafult values if their values are unavailable. Below is the rule.
default values if their values are unavailable. Below is the rule.
1) physical_package_id: If cpu has no physical package id, -1 is the
default value.
2) core_id: If cpu doesn't support multi-core, its core id is 0.
......
......@@ -3205,7 +3205,7 @@ for a session; this includes virtual consoles, serial ports, and
pseudoterminals (PTYs).
All terminal devices share a common set of capabilities known as line
diciplines; these include the common terminal line dicipline as well
disciplines; these include the common terminal line discipline as well
as SLIP and PPP modes.
All terminal devices are named similarly; this section explains the
......@@ -3285,7 +3285,7 @@ port TTY, for which no alternate device would exist.
Pseudoterminals (PTYs)
Pseudoterminals, or PTYs, are used to create login sessions or provide
other capabilities requiring a TTY line dicipline (including SLIP or
other capabilities requiring a TTY line discipline (including SLIP or
PPP capability) to arbitrary data-generation processes. Each PTY has
a master side, named /dev/pty[p-za-e][0-9a-f], and a slave side, named
/dev/tty[p-za-e][0-9a-f]. The kernel arbitrates the use of PTYs by
......
......@@ -48,12 +48,12 @@ Module Usage
Module insertion:
# insmod sstfb.o
you should see some strange output frome the board:
you should see some strange output from the board:
a big blue square, a green and a red small squares and a vertical
white rectangle. why ? the function's name is self explanatory :
white rectangle. why? the function's name is self-explanatory:
"sstfb_test()"...
(if you don't have a second monitor, you'll have to plug your monitor
directely to the 2D videocard to see what you're typing)
directly to the 2D videocard to see what you're typing)
# con2fb /dev/fbx /dev/ttyx
bind a tty to the new frame buffer. if you already have a frame
buffer driver, the voodoo fb will likely be /dev/fb1. if not,
......@@ -95,11 +95,11 @@ inverse=1 inverse Supposed to enable inverse console.
clipping=1 clipping Enable or disable clipping.
clipping=0 noclipping With clipping enabled, all offscreen
reads and writes are disgarded.
reads and writes are discarded.
Default: enable clipping.
gfxclk=x gfxclk:x Force graphic clock frequency (in MHz).
Be carefull with this option, it may be
Be careful with this option, it may be
DANGEROUS.
Default: auto
50Mhz for Voodoo 1,
......
......@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ request for an already acquired lock will not generate another DLM
call. Userspace programs are assumed to handle their own local
locking.
Two levels of locks are supported - Shared Read, and Exlcusive.
Two levels of locks are supported - Shared Read, and Exclusive.
Also supported is a Trylock operation.
For information on the libo2dlm interface, please see o2dlm.h,
......
......@@ -390,7 +390,7 @@ stripes with parity, i.e. raid level 5, should not work, too.
You have to use the "persistent-superblock 0" option for each raid-disk in the
NTFS volume/stripe you are configuring in /etc/raidtab as the persistent
superblock used by the MD driver would damange the NTFS volume.
superblock used by the MD driver would damage the NTFS volume.
Windows by default uses a stripe chunk size of 64k, so you probably want the
"chunk-size 64k" option for each raid-disk, too.
......
......@@ -238,7 +238,7 @@ Top Level Directory Layout
The sysfs directory arrangement exposes the relationship of kernel
data structures.
The top level sysfs diretory looks like:
The top level sysfs directory looks like:
block/
bus/
......
......@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ back and forth trying to integrate high-resolution and high-precision
features into the existing timer framework, and after testing various
such high-resolution timer implementations in practice, we came to the
conclusion that the timer wheel code is fundamentally not suitable for
such an approach. We initially didnt believe this ('there must be a way
such an approach. We initially didn't believe this ('there must be a way
to solve this'), and spent a considerable effort trying to integrate
things into the timer wheel, but we failed. In hindsight, there are
several reasons why such integration is hard/impossible:
......
......@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ is obtained by ORing 0x80 with the make code.
The special codes 0xF6 through 0xFF are reserved for use as follows:
0xF6 status report
0xF7 absolute mouse position record
0xF8-0xFB relative mouse position records(lsbs determind by
0xF8-0xFB relative mouse position records (lsbs determined by
mouse button states)
0xFC time-of-day
0xFD joystick report (both sticks)
......
......@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ This driver have the basic support for PCI devices only; there is no
ISA or PnP ISA cards supported. AFAIK the ns558 have support for Crystal
ISA and PnP ISA series.
The driver works witn ALSA drivers simultaneously. For exmple, the xracer
The driver works with ALSA drivers simultaneously. For example, the xracer
uses joystick as input device and PCM device as sound output in one time.
There are no sound or input collisions detected. The source code have
comments about them; but I've found the joystick can be initialized
......
......@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ joystick.txt for details.
There is an utility called fftest that will allow you to test the driver.
% fftest /dev/input/eventXX
3. Instructions to the developper
3. Instructions to the developer
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
All interactions are done using the event API. That is, you can use ioctl()
and write() on /dev/input/eventXX.
......
......@@ -154,7 +154,7 @@ about it.
3.2 Event handlers
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Event handlers distrubite the events from the devices to userland and
Event handlers distribute the events from the devices to userland and
kernel, as needed.
3.2.1 keybdev
......
......@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ more complex object types. It provides a set of basic fields that
almost all complex data types share. kobjects are intended to be
embedded in larger data structures and replace fields they duplicate.
1.2 Defintion
1.2 Definition
struct kobject {
char name[KOBJ_NAME_LEN];
......
......@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ be reconstructed (due to no parity).
For this reason, md will normally refuse to start such an array. This
requires the sysadmin to take action to explicitly start the array
desipite possible corruption. This is normally done with
despite possible corruption. This is normally done with
mdadm --assemble --force ....
This option is not really available if the array has the root
......@@ -214,8 +214,8 @@ All md devices contain:
safe_mode_delay
When an md array has seen no write requests for a certain period
of time, it will be marked as 'clean'. When another write
request arrive, the array is marked as 'dirty' before the write
commenses. This is known as 'safe_mode'.
request arrives, the array is marked as 'dirty' before the write
commences. This is known as 'safe_mode'.
The 'certain period' is controlled by this file which stores the
period as a number of seconds. The default is 200msec (0.200).
Writing a value of 0 disables safemode.
......
......@@ -35,7 +35,7 @@ Legend:
packets out of the rx ring. Note from this that the lower the
load the more we could clean up the rxring
"Ndone" == is the converse of "Done". Note again, that the higher
the load the more times we couldnt clean up the rxring.
the load the more times we couldn't clean up the rxring.
Observe that:
when the NIC receives 890Kpackets/sec only 17 rx interrupts are generated.
......
......@@ -103,8 +103,8 @@ In the kernel when setting up:
else
failed
From now on, everytime you dump my_rate_est_stats it will contain
uptodate info.
From now on, every time you dump my_rate_est_stats it will contain
up-to-date info.
Once you are done, call gen_kill_estimator(my_basicstats,
my_rate_est_stats) Make sure that my_basicstats and my_rate_est_stats
......
......@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@ Examples:
Example scripts
===============
A collection of small tutorial scripts for pktgen is in expamples dir.
A collection of small tutorial scripts for pktgen is in examples dir.
pktgen.conf-1-1 # 1 CPU 1 dev
pktgen.conf-1-2 # 1 CPU 2 dev
......
......@@ -570,7 +570,7 @@ bata1-2.2.1 Feb 09 2001
Option to COMPILE WANPIPE modules against the currently
running kernel, thus no need for manual kernel and module
re-compilatin.
re-compilation.
o Updates and Bug Fixes to wancfg utility.
......
......@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ Updated 2006 by Horms <horms@verge.net.au>
In order to use a diskless system, such as an X-terminal or printer server
for example, it is necessary for the root filesystem to be present on a
non-disk device. This may be an initramfs (see Documentation/filesystems/
ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.txt), a ramdisk (see Documenation/initrd.txt) or a
ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.txt), a ramdisk (see Documentation/initrd.txt) or a
filesystem mounted via NFS. The following text describes on how to use NFS
for the root filesystem. For the rest of this text 'client' means the
diskless system, and 'server' means the NFS server.
......
......@@ -326,7 +326,7 @@ A reference implementation
This is a typical implementation. Drivers can slightly change the order
of the operations in the implementation, ignore some operations or add
more deriver specific operations in it, but drivers should do something like
more driver specific operations in it, but drivers should do something like
this on the whole.
5. Resources
......
......@@ -335,7 +335,7 @@ struct boot_param_header {
"compact" format for the tree itself that is however not backward
compatible. You should always generate a structure of the highest
version defined at the time of your implementation. Currently
that is version 16, unless you explicitely aim at being backward
that is version 16, unless you explicitly aim at being backward
compatible.
- last_comp_version
......
......@@ -107,7 +107,7 @@ second, third, and fourth Rocketport cards (if present) are set via
software control. The DIP switch settings for the I/O address must be
set to the value of the first Rocketport cards.
In order to destinguish each of the card from the others, each card
In order to distinguish each of the card from the others, each card
must have a unique board ID set on the dip switches. The first
Rocketport board must be set with the DIP switches corresponding to
the first board, the second board must be set with the DIP switches
......@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ conflict with any other cards in the system, including other
RocketPort cards. Below, you will find a list of commonly used I/O
address ranges which may be in use by other devices in your system.
On a Linux system, "cat /proc/ioports" will also be helpful in
identifying what I/O addresses are being used by devics on your
identifying what I/O addresses are being used by devices on your
system.
Remember, the FIRST RocketPort uses 68 I/O addresses. So, if you set it
......
......@@ -8,8 +8,8 @@
Overview of Document:
=====================
This document is intended to give an good overview of how to debug
Linux for s/390 & z/Architecture it isn't intended as a complete reference & not a
tutorial on the fundamentals of C & assembly, it dosen't go into
Linux for s/390 & z/Architecture. It isn't intended as a complete reference & not a
tutorial on the fundamentals of C & assembly. It doesn't go into
390 IO in any detail. It is intended to complement the documents in the
reference section below & any other worthwhile references you get.
......@@ -354,7 +354,7 @@ static inline struct task_struct * get_current(void)
}
i.e. just anding the current kernel stack pointer with the mask -8192.
Thankfully because Linux dosen't have support for nested IO interrupts
Thankfully because Linux doesn't have support for nested IO interrupts
& our devices have large buffers can survive interrupts being shut for
short amounts of time we don't need a separate stack for interrupts.
......@@ -394,7 +394,7 @@ i.e they aren't in registers & they aren't static.
back-chain:
This is a pointer to the stack pointer before entering a
framed functions ( see frameless function ) prologue got by
deferencing the address of the current stack pointer,
dereferencing the address of the current stack pointer,
i.e. got by accessing the 32 bit value at the stack pointers
current location.
......@@ -724,7 +724,7 @@ This is useful for debugging because
1) You can double check whether the files you expect to be included are the ones
that are being included ( e.g. double check that you aren't going to the i386 asm directory ).
2) Check that macro definitions aren't clashing with typedefs,
3) Check that definitons aren't being used before they are being included.
3) Check that definitions aren't being used before they are being included.
4) Helps put the line emitting the error under the microscope if it contains macros.
For convenience the Linux kernel's makefile will do preprocessing automatically for you
......@@ -840,12 +840,11 @@ using the strip command to make it a more reasonable size to boot it.
A source/assembly mixed dump of the kernel can be done with the line
objdump --source vmlinux > vmlinux.lst
Also if the file isn't compiled -g this will output as much debugging information
as it can ( e.g. function names ), however, this is very slow as it spends lots
of time searching for debugging info, the following self explanitory line should be used
instead if the code isn't compiled -g.
Also, if the file isn't compiled -g, this will output as much debugging information
as it can (e.g. function names). This is very slow as it spends lots
of time searching for debugging info. The following self explanatory line should be used
instead if the code isn't compiled -g, as it is much faster:
objdump --disassemble-all --syms vmlinux > vmlinux.lst
as it is much faster
As hard drive space is valuble most of us use the following approach.
1) Look at the emitted psw on the console to find the crash address in the kernel.
......@@ -1674,8 +1673,8 @@ channel is idle & the second for device end ( secondary status ) sometimes you g
concurrently, you check how the IO went on by issuing a TEST SUBCHANNEL at each interrupt,
from which you receive an Interruption response block (IRB). If you get channel & device end
status in the IRB without channel checks etc. your IO probably went okay. If you didn't you
probably need a doctorto examine the IRB & extended status word etc.
If an error occurs more sophistocated control units have a facitity known as
probably need a doctor to examine the IRB & extended status word etc.
If an error occurs, more sophistocated control units have a facitity known as
concurrent sense this means that if an error occurs Extended sense information will
be presented in the Extended status word in the IRB if not you have to issue a
subsequent SENSE CCW command after the test subchannel.
......@@ -1916,7 +1915,7 @@ Assembly
--------
info registers: displays registers other than floating point.
info all-registers: displays floating points as well.
disassemble: dissassembles
disassemble: disassembles
e.g.
disassemble without parameters will disassemble the current function
disassemble $pc $pc+10
......@@ -1935,7 +1934,7 @@ undisplay : undo's display's
info breakpoints: shows all current breakpoints
info stack: shows stack back trace ( if this dosent work too well, I'll show you the
info stack: shows stack back trace ( if this doesn't work too well, I'll show you the
stacktrace by hand below ).
info locals: displays local variables.
......
......@@ -433,7 +433,7 @@ puts the CPU into I/O disabled state by preserving the current PSW flags.
The device driver is allowed to issue the next ccw_device_start() call from
within its interrupt handler already. It is not required to schedule a
bottom-half, unless an non deterministicly long running error recovery procedure
bottom-half, unless an non deterministically long running error recovery procedure
or similar needs to be scheduled. During I/O processing the Linux/390 generic
I/O device driver support has already obtained the IRQ lock, i.e. the handler
must not try to obtain it again when calling ccw_device_start() or we end in a
......
......@@ -468,7 +468,7 @@ The hex_ascii view shows the data field in hex and ascii representation
The raw view returns a bytestream as the debug areas are stored in memory.
The sprintf view formats the debug entries in the same way as the sprintf
function would do. The sprintf event/expection functions write to the
function would do. The sprintf event/exception functions write to the
debug entry a pointer to the format string (size = sizeof(long))
and for each vararg a long value. So e.g. for a debug entry with a format
string plus two varargs one would need to allocate a (3 * sizeof(long))
......
......@@ -96,10 +96,10 @@ The original driver has been written for 386bsd and FreeBSD by:
It is now available as a bundle of 2 drivers:
- ncr53c8xx generic driver that supports all the SYM53C8XX family including
the ealiest 810 rev. 1, the latest 896 (2 channel LVD SCSI controller) and
the earliest 810 rev. 1, the latest 896 (2 channel LVD SCSI controller) and
the new 895A (1 channel LVD SCSI controller).
- sym53c8xx enhanced driver (a.k.a. 896 drivers) that drops support of oldest
chips in order to gain advantage of new features, as LOAD/STORE intructions
chips in order to gain advantage of new features, as LOAD/STORE instructions
available since the 810A and hardware phase mismatch available with the
896 and the 895A.
......@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ The 896 and the 895A allows handling of the phase mismatch context from
SCRIPTS (avoids the phase mismatch interrupt that stops the SCSI processor
until the C code has saved the context of the transfer).
Implementing this without using LOAD/STORE instructions would be painfull
and I did'nt even want to try it.
and I didn't even want to try it.
The 896 chip supports 64 bit PCI transactions and addressing, while the
895A supports 32 bit PCI transactions and 64 bit addressing.
......
......@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ ways.
- Fine-grained EH callbacks
LLDD can implement fine-grained EH callbacks and let SCSI
midlayer drive error handling and call appropriate callbacks.
This will be dicussed further in [2-1].
This will be discussed further in [2-1].
- eh_strategy_handler() callback
This is one big callback which should perform whole error
......
......@@ -381,7 +381,7 @@ Please see http://www.garloff.de/kurt/linux/dc390/problems.html
replaced by the dev index of your scanner). You may try to reset your SCSI
bus afterwards (echo "RESET" >/proc/scsi/tmscsim/?).
The problem seems to be solved as of 2.0d18, thanks to Andreas Rick.
* If there is a valid partition table, the driver will use it for determing
* If there is a valid partition table, the driver will use it for determining
the mapping. If there's none, a reasonable mapping (Symbios-like) will be
assumed. Other operating systems may not like this mapping, though
it's consistent with the BIOS' behaviour. Old DC390 drivers ignored the
......
......@@ -1263,8 +1263,8 @@ Prior to version 0.9.0rc4 options had a 'snd_' prefix. This was removed.
Note: on some notebooks the buffer address cannot be detected
automatically, or causes hang-up during initialization.
In such a case, specify the buffer top address explicity via
buffer_top option.
In such a case, specify the buffer top address explicitly via
the buffer_top option.
For example,
Sony F250: buffer_top=0x25a800
Sony F270: buffer_top=0x272800
......
......@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ Here is a list of supported device_setup values for this device:
- Alsa driver default mode
- maintains backward compatibility with setups that do not use this
parameter by not introducing any change
- results sometimes in corrupted sound as decribed earlier
- results sometimes in corrupted sound as described earlier
* device_setup=0x01
- 16bits 48kHz mode with Di disabled
- Ai,Ao,Do can be used at the same time
......
......@@ -97,4 +97,4 @@ COPYRIGHT
=========
Copyright (c) 2003 Digigram SA <alsa@digigram.com>
Distributalbe under GPL.
Distributable under GPL.
......@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ The status of MIDI I/O is found in midi* files. It shows the device
name and the received/transmitted bytes through the MIDI device.
When the card is equipped with AC97 codecs, there are codec97#*
subdirectories (desribed later).
subdirectories (described later).
When the OSS mixer emulation is enabled (and the module is loaded),
oss_mixer file appears here, too. This shows the current mapping of
......
......@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ one or more packets could finish before an error stops further endpoint I/O.
urb->transfer_flags.
-ENODEV Device was removed. Often preceded by a burst of
other errors, since the hub driver does't detect
other errors, since the hub driver doesn't detect
device removal events immediately.
-EXDEV ISO transfer only partially completed
......
......@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ TODO:
Implement a control urb again to handle requests to and from the device
such as calibration, etc once/if it becomes available.
DISCLAMER:
DISCLAIMER:
I am not a MicroTouch/3M employee, nor have I ever been. 3M does not support
this driver! If you want touch drivers only supported within X, please go to:
......
......@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ driver (PCI vendor/device is 0x136b/0xff01)
The third one, present in recent (more or less last year) Picturebooks
(C1M* models), is not supported. The manufacturer has given the specs
to the developers under a NDA (which allows the develoment of a GPL
to the developers under a NDA (which allows the development of a GPL
driver however), but things are not moving very fast (see
http://r-engine.sourceforge.net/) (PCI vendor/device is 0x10cf/0x2011).
......
......@@ -118,9 +118,9 @@ card is not there, please try if any other card gives some
response, and mail me if you got a working tvcard addition.
PS. <TVCard editors behold!)
Dont forget to set video_input to the number of inputs
Don't forget to set video_input to the number of inputs
you defined in the video_mux part of the tvcard definition.
Its a common error to add a channel but not incrementing
It's a common error to add a channel but not incrementing
video_input and getting angry with me/v4l/linux/linus :(
You are now ready to test the framegrabber with your favorite
......
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