Commit a257e025 authored by Ard Biesheuvel's avatar Ard Biesheuvel Committed by Will Deacon

arm64/kernel: don't ban ADRP to work around Cortex-A53 erratum #843419

Working around Cortex-A53 erratum #843419 involves special handling of
ADRP instructions that end up in the last two instruction slots of a
4k page, or whose output register gets overwritten without having been
read. (Note that the latter instruction sequence is never emitted by
a properly functioning compiler, which is why it is disregarded by the
handling of the same erratum in the bfd.ld linker which we rely on for
the core kernel)

Normally, this gets taken care of by the linker, which can spot such
sequences at final link time, and insert a veneer if the ADRP ends up
at a vulnerable offset. However, linux kernel modules are partially
linked ELF objects, and so there is no 'final link time' other than the
runtime loading of the module, at which time all the static relocations
are resolved.

For this reason, we have implemented the #843419 workaround for modules
by avoiding ADRP instructions altogether, by using the large C model,
and by passing -mpc-relative-literal-loads to recent versions of GCC
that may emit adrp/ldr pairs to perform literal loads. However, this
workaround forces us to keep literal data mixed with the instructions
in the executable .text segment, and literal data may inadvertently
turn into an exploitable speculative gadget depending on the relative
offsets of arbitrary symbols.

So let's reimplement this workaround in a way that allows us to switch
back to the small C model, and to drop the -mpc-relative-literal-loads
GCC switch, by patching affected ADRP instructions at runtime:
- ADRP instructions that do not appear at 4k relative offset 0xff8 or
  0xffc are ignored
- ADRP instructions that are within 1 MB of their target symbol are
  converted into ADR instructions
- remaining ADRP instructions are redirected via a veneer that performs
  the load using an unaffected movn/movk sequence.
Signed-off-by: default avatarArd Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
[will: tidied up ADRP -> ADR instruction patching.]
[will: use ULL suffix for 64-bit immediate]
Signed-off-by: default avatarWill Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
parent f2b9ba87
......@@ -456,12 +456,12 @@ config ARM64_ERRATUM_845719
config ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
bool "Cortex-A53: 843419: A load or store might access an incorrect address"
default y
select ARM64_MODULE_CMODEL_LARGE if MODULES
select ARM64_MODULE_PLTS if MODULES
help
This option links the kernel with '--fix-cortex-a53-843419' and
builds modules using the large memory model in order to avoid the use
of the ADRP instruction, which can cause a subsequent memory access
to use an incorrect address on Cortex-A53 parts up to r0p4.
enables PLT support to replace certain ADRP instructions, which can
cause subsequent memory accesses to use an incorrect address on
Cortex-A53 parts up to r0p4.
If unsure, say Y.
......@@ -1105,9 +1105,6 @@ config ARM64_SVE
To enable use of this extension on CPUs that implement it, say Y.
config ARM64_MODULE_CMODEL_LARGE
bool
config ARM64_MODULE_PLTS
bool
select HAVE_MOD_ARCH_SPECIFIC
......
......@@ -51,7 +51,6 @@ endif
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mgeneral-regs-only $(lseinstr) $(brokengasinst)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -mpc-relative-literal-loads)
KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(lseinstr) $(brokengasinst)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mabi=lp64)
......@@ -77,10 +76,6 @@ endif
CHECKFLAGS += -D__aarch64__ -m64
ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARM64_MODULE_CMODEL_LARGE), y)
KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE += -mcmodel=large
endif
ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARM64_MODULE_PLTS),y)
KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += -T $(srctree)/arch/arm64/kernel/module.lds
endif
......
......@@ -39,6 +39,8 @@ struct mod_arch_specific {
u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
Elf64_Sym *sym);
u64 module_emit_adrp_veneer(struct module *mod, void *loc, u64 val);
#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
extern u64 module_alloc_base;
#else
......
......@@ -42,6 +42,47 @@ u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, void *loc, const Elf64_Rela *rela,
return (u64)&plt[i];
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
u64 module_emit_adrp_veneer(struct module *mod, void *loc, u64 val)
{
struct mod_plt_sec *pltsec = !in_init(mod, loc) ? &mod->arch.core :
&mod->arch.init;
struct plt_entry *plt = (struct plt_entry *)pltsec->plt->sh_addr;
int i = pltsec->plt_num_entries++;
u32 mov0, mov1, mov2, br;
int rd;
if (WARN_ON(pltsec->plt_num_entries > pltsec->plt_max_entries))
return 0;
/* get the destination register of the ADRP instruction */
rd = aarch64_insn_decode_register(AARCH64_INSN_REGTYPE_RD,
le32_to_cpup((__le32 *)loc));
/* generate the veneer instructions */
mov0 = aarch64_insn_gen_movewide(rd, (u16)~val, 0,
AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_64BIT,
AARCH64_INSN_MOVEWIDE_INVERSE);
mov1 = aarch64_insn_gen_movewide(rd, (u16)(val >> 16), 16,
AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_64BIT,
AARCH64_INSN_MOVEWIDE_KEEP);
mov2 = aarch64_insn_gen_movewide(rd, (u16)(val >> 32), 32,
AARCH64_INSN_VARIANT_64BIT,
AARCH64_INSN_MOVEWIDE_KEEP);
br = aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm((u64)&plt[i].br, (u64)loc + 4,
AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_NOLINK);
plt[i] = (struct plt_entry){
cpu_to_le32(mov0),
cpu_to_le32(mov1),
cpu_to_le32(mov2),
cpu_to_le32(br)
};
return (u64)&plt[i];
}
#endif
#define cmp_3way(a,b) ((a) < (b) ? -1 : (a) > (b))
static int cmp_rela(const void *a, const void *b)
......@@ -69,16 +110,21 @@ static bool duplicate_rel(const Elf64_Rela *rela, int num)
}
static unsigned int count_plts(Elf64_Sym *syms, Elf64_Rela *rela, int num,
Elf64_Word dstidx)
Elf64_Word dstidx, Elf_Shdr *dstsec)
{
unsigned int ret = 0;
Elf64_Sym *s;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
u64 min_align;
switch (ELF64_R_TYPE(rela[i].r_info)) {
case R_AARCH64_JUMP26:
case R_AARCH64_CALL26:
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE))
break;
/*
* We only have to consider branch targets that resolve
* to symbols that are defined in a different section.
......@@ -110,6 +156,40 @@ static unsigned int count_plts(Elf64_Sym *syms, Elf64_Rela *rela, int num,
if (rela[i].r_addend != 0 || !duplicate_rel(rela, i))
ret++;
break;
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21_NC:
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21:
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419))
break;
/*
* Determine the minimal safe alignment for this ADRP
* instruction: the section alignment at which it is
* guaranteed not to appear at a vulnerable offset.
*
* This comes down to finding the least significant zero
* bit in bits [11:3] of the section offset, and
* increasing the section's alignment so that the
* resulting address of this instruction is guaranteed
* to equal the offset in that particular bit (as well
* as all less signficant bits). This ensures that the
* address modulo 4 KB != 0xfff8 or 0xfffc (which would
* have all ones in bits [11:3])
*/
min_align = 2ULL << ffz(rela[i].r_offset | 0x7);
/*
* Allocate veneer space for each ADRP that may appear
* at a vulnerable offset nonetheless. At relocation
* time, some of these will remain unused since some
* ADRP instructions can be patched to ADR instructions
* instead.
*/
if (min_align > SZ_4K)
ret++;
else
dstsec->sh_addralign = max(dstsec->sh_addralign,
min_align);
break;
}
}
return ret;
......@@ -167,10 +247,10 @@ int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
if (strncmp(secstrings + dstsec->sh_name, ".init", 5) != 0)
core_plts += count_plts(syms, rels, numrels,
sechdrs[i].sh_info);
sechdrs[i].sh_info, dstsec);
else
init_plts += count_plts(syms, rels, numrels,
sechdrs[i].sh_info);
sechdrs[i].sh_info, dstsec);
}
mod->arch.core.plt->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
......
......@@ -198,6 +198,33 @@ static int reloc_insn_imm(enum aarch64_reloc_op op, __le32 *place, u64 val,
return 0;
}
static int reloc_insn_adrp(struct module *mod, __le32 *place, u64 val)
{
u32 insn;
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419) ||
((u64)place & 0xfff) < 0xff8)
return reloc_insn_imm(RELOC_OP_PAGE, place, val, 12, 21,
AARCH64_INSN_IMM_ADR);
/* patch ADRP to ADR if it is in range */
if (!reloc_insn_imm(RELOC_OP_PREL, place, val & ~0xfff, 0, 21,
AARCH64_INSN_IMM_ADR)) {
insn = le32_to_cpu(*place);
insn &= ~BIT(31);
} else {
/* out of range for ADR -> emit a veneer */
val = module_emit_adrp_veneer(mod, place, val & ~0xfff);
if (!val)
return -ENOEXEC;
insn = aarch64_insn_gen_branch_imm((u64)place, val,
AARCH64_INSN_BRANCH_NOLINK);
}
*place = cpu_to_le32(insn);
return 0;
}
int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
const char *strtab,
unsigned int symindex,
......@@ -337,14 +364,13 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
ovf = reloc_insn_imm(RELOC_OP_PREL, loc, val, 0, 21,
AARCH64_INSN_IMM_ADR);
break;
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21_NC:
overflow_check = false;
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21:
ovf = reloc_insn_imm(RELOC_OP_PAGE, loc, val, 12, 21,
AARCH64_INSN_IMM_ADR);
ovf = reloc_insn_adrp(me, loc, val);
if (ovf && ovf != -ERANGE)
return ovf;
break;
#endif
case R_AARCH64_ADD_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST8_ABS_LO12_NC:
overflow_check = false;
......
......@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ asmlinkage u64 absolute_data16(void);
asmlinkage u64 signed_movw(void);
asmlinkage u64 unsigned_movw(void);
asmlinkage u64 relative_adrp(void);
asmlinkage u64 relative_adrp_far(void);
asmlinkage u64 relative_adr(void);
asmlinkage u64 relative_data64(void);
asmlinkage u64 relative_data32(void);
......@@ -43,9 +44,8 @@ static struct {
{ "R_AARCH64_ABS16", absolute_data16, UL(SYM16_ABS_VAL) },
{ "R_AARCH64_MOVW_SABS_Gn", signed_movw, UL(SYM64_ABS_VAL) },
{ "R_AARCH64_MOVW_UABS_Gn", unsigned_movw, UL(SYM64_ABS_VAL) },
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
{ "R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21", relative_adrp, (u64)&sym64_rel },
#endif
{ "R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21", relative_adrp_far, (u64)&printk },
{ "R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_LO21", relative_adr, (u64)&sym64_rel },
{ "R_AARCH64_PREL64", relative_data64, (u64)&sym64_rel },
{ "R_AARCH64_PREL32", relative_data32, (u64)&sym64_rel },
......
......@@ -43,15 +43,21 @@ ENTRY(unsigned_movw)
ret
ENDPROC(unsigned_movw)
#ifndef CONFIG_ARM64_ERRATUM_843419
.align 12
.space 0xff8
ENTRY(relative_adrp)
adrp x0, sym64_rel
add x0, x0, #:lo12:sym64_rel
ret
ENDPROC(relative_adrp)
#endif
.align 12
.space 0xffc
ENTRY(relative_adrp_far)
adrp x0, printk
add x0, x0, #:lo12:printk
ret
ENDPROC(relative_adrp_far)
ENTRY(relative_adr)
adr x0, sym64_rel
......
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