kref.c 1.86 KB
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/*
 * kref.c - library routines for handling generic reference counted objects
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Greg Kroah-Hartman <[email protected]>
 * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Corp.
 *
 * based on lib/kobject.c which was:
 * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel <[email protected]>
 *
 * This file is released under the GPLv2.
 *
 */

#include <linux/kref.h>
#include <linux/module.h>

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/**
 * kref_set - initialize object and set refcount to requested number.
 * @kref: object in question.
 * @num: initial reference counter
 */
void kref_set(struct kref *kref, int num)
{
	atomic_set(&kref->refcount, num);
	smp_mb();
}

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/**
 * kref_init - initialize object.
 * @kref: object in question.
 */
void kref_init(struct kref *kref)
{
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	kref_set(kref, 1);
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}

/**
 * kref_get - increment refcount for object.
 * @kref: object.
 */
void kref_get(struct kref *kref)
{
	WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&kref->refcount));
	atomic_inc(&kref->refcount);
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	smp_mb__after_atomic_inc();
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}

/**
 * kref_put - decrement refcount for object.
 * @kref: object.
 * @release: pointer to the function that will clean up the object when the
 *	     last reference to the object is released.
 *	     This pointer is required, and it is not acceptable to pass kfree
 *	     in as this function.
 *
 * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call release().
 * Return 1 if the object was removed, otherwise return 0.  Beware, if this
 * function returns 0, you still can not count on the kref from remaining in
 * memory.  Only use the return value if you want to see if the kref is now
 * gone, not present.
 */
int kref_put(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref))
{
	WARN_ON(release == NULL);
	WARN_ON(release == (void (*)(struct kref *))kfree);

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	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&kref->refcount)) {
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		release(kref);
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

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EXPORT_SYMBOL(kref_set);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(kref_init);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kref_get);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kref_put);