Commit dcd1742e authored by Jeff King's avatar Jeff King Committed by Junio C Hamano

xdiff: reject files larger than ~1GB

The xdiff code is not prepared to handle extremely large
files. It uses "int" in many places, which can overflow if
we have a very large number of lines or even bytes in our
input files. This can cause us to produce incorrect diffs,
with no indication that the output is wrong. Or worse, we
may even underallocate a buffer whose size is the result of
an overflowing addition.

We're much better off to tell the user that we cannot diff
or merge such a large file. This patch covers both cases,
but in slightly different ways:

  1. For merging, we notice the large file and cleanly fall
     back to a binary merge (which is effectively "we cannot
     merge this").

  2. For diffing, we make the binary/text distinction much
     earlier, and in many different places. For this case,
     we'll use the xdi_diff as our choke point, and reject
     any diff there before it hits the xdiff code.

     This means in most cases we'll die() immediately after.
     That's not ideal, but in practice we shouldn't
     generally hit this code path unless the user is trying
     to do something tricky. We already consider files
     larger than core.bigfilethreshold to be binary, so this
     code would only kick in when that is circumvented
     (either by bumping that value, or by using a
     .gitattribute to mark a file as diffable).

     In other words, we can avoid being "nice" here, because
     there is already nice code that tries to do the right
     thing. We are adding the suspenders to the nice code's
     belt, so notice when it has been worked around (both to
     protect the user from malicious inputs, and because it
     is better to die() than generate bogus output).

The maximum size was chosen after experimenting with feeding
large files to the xdiff code. It's just under a gigabyte,
which leaves room for two obvious cases:

  - a diff3 merge conflict result on files of maximum size X
    could be 3*X plus the size of the markers, which would
    still be only about 3G, which fits in a 32-bit int.

  - some of the diff code allocates arrays of one int per
    record. Even if each file consists only of blank lines,
    then a file smaller than 1G will have fewer than 1G
    records, and therefore the int array will fit in 4G.

Since the limit is arbitrary anyway, I chose to go under a
gigabyte, to leave a safety margin (e.g., we would not want
to overflow by allocating "(records + 1) * sizeof(int)" or
Signed-off-by: default avatarJeff King <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJunio C Hamano <>
parent 3efb9880
......@@ -88,7 +88,10 @@ static int ll_xdl_merge(const struct ll_merge_driver *drv_unused,
xmparam_t xmp;
if (buffer_is_binary(orig->ptr, orig->size) ||
if (orig->size > MAX_XDIFF_SIZE ||
src1->size > MAX_XDIFF_SIZE ||
src2->size > MAX_XDIFF_SIZE ||
buffer_is_binary(orig->ptr, orig->size) ||
buffer_is_binary(src1->ptr, src1->size) ||
buffer_is_binary(src2->ptr, src2->size)) {
return ll_binary_merge(drv_unused, result,
......@@ -131,6 +131,9 @@ int xdi_diff(mmfile_t *mf1, mmfile_t *mf2, xpparam_t const *xpp, xdemitconf_t co
mmfile_t a = *mf1;
mmfile_t b = *mf2;
if (mf1->size > MAX_XDIFF_SIZE || mf2->size > MAX_XDIFF_SIZE)
return -1;
trim_common_tail(&a, &b, xecfg->ctxlen);
return xdl_diff(&a, &b, xpp, xecfg, xecb);
......@@ -3,6 +3,13 @@
#include "xdiff/xdiff.h"
* xdiff isn't equipped to handle content over a gigabyte;
* we make the cutoff 1GB - 1MB to give some breathing
* room for constant-sized additions (e.g., merge markers)
#define MAX_XDIFF_SIZE (1024UL * 1024 * 1023)
typedef void (*xdiff_emit_consume_fn)(void *, char *, unsigned long);
int xdi_diff(mmfile_t *mf1, mmfile_t *mf2, xpparam_t const *xpp, xdemitconf_t const *xecfg, xdemitcb_t *ecb);
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