Commit a9bcf658 authored by Johannes Schindelin's avatar Johannes Schindelin Committed by Junio C Hamano

alias: use the early config machinery to expand aliases

Instead of discovering the .git/ directory, reading the config and then
trying to painstakingly reset all the global state if we did not find a
matching alias, let's use the early config machinery instead.

It may look like unnecessary work to discover the .git/ directory in the
early config machinery and then call setup_git_directory_gently() in the
case of a shell alias, repeating the very same discovery *again*.
However, we have to do this as the early config machinery takes pains
*not* to touch any global state, while shell aliases expect a possibly
changed working directory and at least the GIT_PREFIX and GIT_DIR
variables to be set.

This change also fixes a known issue where Git tried to read the pager
config from an incorrect path in a subdirectory of a Git worktree if an
alias expanded to a shell command.
Signed-off-by: Johannes Schindelin's avatarJohannes Schindelin <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarJeff King <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJunio C Hamano <>
parent 3f9c5dfb
#include "cache.h"
struct config_alias_data {
const char *alias;
char *v;
static int config_alias_cb(const char *key, const char *value, void *d)
struct config_alias_data *data = d;
const char *p;
if (skip_prefix(key, "alias.", &p) && !strcmp(p, data->alias))
return git_config_string((const char **)&data->v, key, value);
return 0;
char *alias_lookup(const char *alias)
char *v = NULL;
struct strbuf key = STRBUF_INIT;
strbuf_addf(&key, "alias.%s", alias);
if (git_config_key_is_valid(key.buf))
git_config_get_string(key.buf, &v);
return v;
struct config_alias_data data = { alias, NULL };
read_early_config(config_alias_cb, &data);
return data.v;
......@@ -16,50 +16,6 @@ const char git_more_info_string[] =
"to read about a specific subcommand or concept.");
static int use_pager = -1;
static char *orig_cwd;
static const char *env_names[] = {
static char *orig_env[4];
static int save_restore_env_balance;
static void save_env_before_alias(void)
int i;
assert(save_restore_env_balance == 0);
save_restore_env_balance = 1;
orig_cwd = xgetcwd();
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env_names); i++) {
orig_env[i] = getenv(env_names[i]);
orig_env[i] = xstrdup_or_null(orig_env[i]);
static void restore_env(int external_alias)
int i;
assert(save_restore_env_balance == 1);
save_restore_env_balance = 0;
if (!external_alias && orig_cwd && chdir(orig_cwd))
die_errno("could not move to %s", orig_cwd);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(env_names); i++) {
if (external_alias &&
!strcmp(env_names[i], GIT_PREFIX_ENVIRONMENT))
if (orig_env[i]) {
setenv(env_names[i], orig_env[i], 1);
} else {
static void commit_pager_choice(void) {
switch (use_pager) {
......@@ -250,19 +206,18 @@ static int handle_alias(int *argcp, const char ***argv)
const char **new_argv;
const char *alias_command;
char *alias_string;
int unused_nongit;
alias_command = (*argv)[0];
alias_string = alias_lookup(alias_command);
if (alias_string) {
if (alias_string[0] == '!') {
struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
int nongit_ok;
/* Aliases expect GIT_PREFIX, GIT_DIR etc to be set */
child.use_shell = 1;
argv_array_push(&child.args, alias_string + 1);
......@@ -308,8 +263,6 @@ static int handle_alias(int *argcp, const char ***argv)
ret = 1;
errno = saved_errno;
return ret;
......@@ -391,7 +391,7 @@ test_expect_success TTY 'core.pager in repo config works and retains cwd' '
test_expect_failure TTY 'core.pager is found via alias in subdirectory' '
test_expect_success TTY 'core.pager is found via alias in subdirectory' '
sane_unset GIT_PAGER &&
test_config core.pager "cat >via-alias" &&
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