Commit 5709e036 authored by Johannes Sixt's avatar Johannes Sixt Committed by Junio C Hamano

run_command: return exit code as positive value

As a general guideline, functions in git's code return zero to indicate
success and negative values to indicate failure. The run_command family of
functions followed this guideline. But there are actually two different
kinds of failure:

- failures of system calls;

- non-zero exit code of the program that was run.

Usually, a non-zero exit code of the program is a failure and means a
failure to the caller. Except that sometimes it does not. For example, the
exit code of merge programs (e.g. external merge drivers) conveys
information about how the merge failed, and not all exit calls are
actually failures.

Furthermore, the return value of run_command is sometimes used as exit
code by the caller.

This change arranges that the exit code of the program is returned as a
positive value, which can now be regarded as the "result" of the function.
System call failures continue to be reported as negative values.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJohannes Sixt <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJunio C Hamano <>
parent 303e7c48
......@@ -594,7 +594,7 @@ static int try_merge_strategy(const char *strategy, struct commit_list *common,
if (read_cache() < 0)
die("failed to read the cache");
return -ret;
return ret;
......@@ -143,8 +143,8 @@ static int run_status(int code, const char *cmd_name)
return error("%s died strangely", cmd_name);
error("%s exited with error code %d", cmd_name, -code);
return -code;
error("%s exited with error code %d", cmd_name, code);
return code;
......@@ -267,7 +267,7 @@ static int filter_buffer(int fd, void *data)
status = finish_command(&child_process);
if (status)
error("external filter %s failed %d", params->cmd, -status);
error("external filter %s failed %d", params->cmd, status);
return (write_err || status);
......@@ -418,9 +418,9 @@ static void execv_dashed_external(const char **argv)
status = run_command_v_opt(argv, 0);
if (status != -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_EXEC) {
if (IS_RUN_COMMAND_ERR(status))
if (status < 0)
die("unable to run '%s'", argv[0]);
errno = ENOENT; /* as if we called execvp */
......@@ -192,10 +192,6 @@ static int ll_ext_merge(const struct ll_merge_driver *fn,
args[2] = cmd.buf;
status = run_command_v_opt(args, 0);
if (status < -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_FORK)
; /* failure in run-command */
status = -status;
fd = open(temp[1], O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0)
goto bad;
......@@ -241,14 +241,7 @@ static int wait_or_whine(pid_t pid)
if (!WIFEXITED(status))
code = WEXITSTATUS(status);
switch (code) {
case 127:
case 0:
return 0;
return -code;
return code == 127 ? -ERR_RUN_COMMAND_EXEC : code;
......@@ -10,7 +10,6 @@ enum {
struct child_process {
const char **argv;
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