commit.c 42.4 KB
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/*
 * Builtin "git commit"
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007 Kristian Høgsberg <krh@redhat.com>
 * Based on git-commit.sh by Junio C Hamano and Linus Torvalds
 */

#include "cache.h"
#include "cache-tree.h"
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#include "color.h"
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#include "dir.h"
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#include "builtin.h"
#include "diff.h"
#include "diffcore.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "revision.h"
#include "wt-status.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "log-tree.h"
#include "strbuf.h"
#include "utf8.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
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#include "string-list.h"
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#include "rerere.h"
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#include "unpack-trees.h"
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#include "quote.h"
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#include "submodule.h"
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static const char * const builtin_commit_usage[] = {
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	"git commit [options] [--] <filepattern>...",
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	NULL
};

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static const char * const builtin_status_usage[] = {
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	"git status [options] [--] <filepattern>...",
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	NULL
};

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static const char implicit_ident_advice[] =
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N_("Your name and email address were configured automatically based\n"
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"on your username and hostname. Please check that they are accurate.\n"
"You can suppress this message by setting them explicitly:\n"
"\n"
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"    git config --global user.name \"Your Name\"\n"
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"    git config --global user.email you@example.com\n"
"\n"
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"After doing this, you may fix the identity used for this commit with:\n"
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"\n"
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"    git commit --amend --reset-author\n");
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static const char empty_amend_advice[] =
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N_("You asked to amend the most recent commit, but doing so would make\n"
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"it empty. You can repeat your command with --allow-empty, or you can\n"
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"remove the commit entirely with \"git reset HEAD^\".\n");
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static const char empty_cherry_pick_advice[] =
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N_("The previous cherry-pick is now empty, possibly due to conflict resolution.\n"
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"If you wish to commit it anyway, use:\n"
"\n"
"    git commit --allow-empty\n"
"\n"
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"Otherwise, please use 'git reset'\n");
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static unsigned char head_sha1[20];
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static const char *use_message_buffer;
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static const char commit_editmsg[] = "COMMIT_EDITMSG";
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static struct lock_file index_lock; /* real index */
static struct lock_file false_lock; /* used only for partial commits */
static enum {
	COMMIT_AS_IS = 1,
	COMMIT_NORMAL,
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	COMMIT_PARTIAL
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} commit_style;
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static const char *logfile, *force_author;
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static const char *template_file;
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/*
 * The _message variables are commit names from which to take
 * the commit message and/or authorship.
 */
static const char *author_message, *author_message_buffer;
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static char *edit_message, *use_message;
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static char *fixup_message, *squash_message;
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static int all, edit_flag, also, interactive, only, amend, signoff;
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static int quiet, verbose, no_verify, allow_empty, dry_run, renew_authorship;
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static int no_post_rewrite, allow_empty_message;
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static char *untracked_files_arg, *force_date, *ignore_submodule_arg;
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/*
 * The default commit message cleanup mode will remove the lines
 * beginning with # (shell comments) and leading and trailing
 * whitespaces (empty lines or containing only whitespaces)
 * if editor is used, and only the whitespaces if the message
 * is specified explicitly.
 */
static enum {
	CLEANUP_SPACE,
	CLEANUP_NONE,
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	CLEANUP_ALL
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} cleanup_mode;
static char *cleanup_arg;
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static enum commit_whence whence;
static int use_editor = 1, initial_commit, include_status = 1;
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static int show_ignored_in_status;
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static const char *only_include_assumed;
static struct strbuf message;
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static int null_termination;
static enum {
	STATUS_FORMAT_LONG,
	STATUS_FORMAT_SHORT,
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	STATUS_FORMAT_PORCELAIN
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} status_format = STATUS_FORMAT_LONG;
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static int status_show_branch;
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static int opt_parse_m(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
{
	struct strbuf *buf = opt->value;
	if (unset)
		strbuf_setlen(buf, 0);
	else {
		strbuf_addstr(buf, arg);
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		strbuf_addstr(buf, "\n\n");
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	}
	return 0;
}
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static struct option builtin_commit_options[] = {
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	OPT__QUIET(&quiet, "suppress summary after successful commit"),
	OPT__VERBOSE(&verbose, "show diff in commit message template"),
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	OPT_GROUP("Commit message options"),
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	OPT_FILENAME('F', "file", &logfile, "read message from file"),
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	OPT_STRING(0, "author", &force_author, "author", "override author for commit"),
	OPT_STRING(0, "date", &force_date, "date", "override date for commit"),
	OPT_CALLBACK('m', "message", &message, "message", "commit message", opt_parse_m),
	OPT_STRING('c', "reedit-message", &edit_message, "commit", "reuse and edit message from specified commit"),
	OPT_STRING('C', "reuse-message", &use_message, "commit", "reuse message from specified commit"),
	OPT_STRING(0, "fixup", &fixup_message, "commit", "use autosquash formatted message to fixup specified commit"),
	OPT_STRING(0, "squash", &squash_message, "commit", "use autosquash formatted message to squash specified commit"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "reset-author", &renew_authorship, "the commit is authored by me now (used with -C-c/--amend)"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "signoff", &signoff, "add Signed-off-by:"),
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	OPT_FILENAME('t', "template", &template_file, "use specified template file"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN('e', "edit", &edit_flag, "force edit of commit"),
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	OPT_STRING(0, "cleanup", &cleanup_arg, "default", "how to strip spaces and #comments from message"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "status", &include_status, "include status in commit message template"),
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	/* end commit message options */
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	OPT_GROUP("Commit contents options"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('a', "all", &all, "commit all changed files"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN('i', "include", &also, "add specified files to index for commit"),
	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "interactive", &interactive, "interactively add files"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN('o', "only", &only, "commit only specified files"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "no-verify", &no_verify, "bypass pre-commit hook"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "dry-run", &dry_run, "show what would be committed"),
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	OPT_SET_INT(0, "short", &status_format, "show status concisely",
		    STATUS_FORMAT_SHORT),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "branch", &status_show_branch, "show branch information"),
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	OPT_SET_INT(0, "porcelain", &status_format,
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		    "machine-readable output", STATUS_FORMAT_PORCELAIN),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN('z', "null", &null_termination,
		    "terminate entries with NUL"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "amend", &amend, "amend previous commit"),
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	OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "no-post-rewrite", &no_post_rewrite, "bypass post-rewrite hook"),
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	{ OPTION_STRING, 'u', "untracked-files", &untracked_files_arg, "mode", "show untracked files, optional modes: all, normal, no. (Default: all)", PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, NULL, (intptr_t)"all" },
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	/* end commit contents options */
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	{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 0, "allow-empty", &allow_empty, NULL,
	  "ok to record an empty change",
	  PARSE_OPT_NOARG | PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN },
	{ OPTION_BOOLEAN, 0, "allow-empty-message", &allow_empty_message, NULL,
	  "ok to record a change with an empty message",
	  PARSE_OPT_NOARG | PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN },

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	OPT_END()
};

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static void determine_whence(struct wt_status *s)
{
	if (file_exists(git_path("MERGE_HEAD")))
		whence = FROM_MERGE;
	else if (file_exists(git_path("CHERRY_PICK_HEAD")))
		whence = FROM_CHERRY_PICK;
	else
		whence = FROM_COMMIT;
	if (s)
		s->whence = whence;
}

static const char *whence_s(void)
{
	char *s = "";

	switch (whence) {
	case FROM_COMMIT:
		break;
	case FROM_MERGE:
		s = "merge";
		break;
	case FROM_CHERRY_PICK:
		s = "cherry-pick";
		break;
	}

	return s;
}

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static void rollback_index_files(void)
{
	switch (commit_style) {
	case COMMIT_AS_IS:
		break; /* nothing to do */
	case COMMIT_NORMAL:
		rollback_lock_file(&index_lock);
		break;
	case COMMIT_PARTIAL:
		rollback_lock_file(&index_lock);
		rollback_lock_file(&false_lock);
		break;
	}
}

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static int commit_index_files(void)
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{
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	int err = 0;

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	switch (commit_style) {
	case COMMIT_AS_IS:
		break; /* nothing to do */
	case COMMIT_NORMAL:
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		err = commit_lock_file(&index_lock);
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		break;
	case COMMIT_PARTIAL:
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		err = commit_lock_file(&index_lock);
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		rollback_lock_file(&false_lock);
		break;
	}
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	return err;
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}

/*
 * Take a union of paths in the index and the named tree (typically, "HEAD"),
 * and return the paths that match the given pattern in list.
 */
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static int list_paths(struct string_list *list, const char *with_tree,
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		      const char *prefix, const char **pattern)
{
	int i;
	char *m;

	for (i = 0; pattern[i]; i++)
		;
	m = xcalloc(1, i);

	if (with_tree)
		overlay_tree_on_cache(with_tree, prefix);

	for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
		struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
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		struct string_list_item *item;

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		if (ce->ce_flags & CE_UPDATE)
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			continue;
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		if (!match_pathspec(pattern, ce->name, ce_namelen(ce), 0, m))
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			continue;
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		item = string_list_insert(list, ce->name);
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		if (ce_skip_worktree(ce))
			item->util = item; /* better a valid pointer than a fake one */
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	}

	return report_path_error(m, pattern, prefix ? strlen(prefix) : 0);
}

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static void add_remove_files(struct string_list *list)
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{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < list->nr; i++) {
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		struct stat st;
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		struct string_list_item *p = &(list->items[i]);
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		/* p->util is skip-worktree */
		if (p->util)
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			continue;
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		if (!lstat(p->string, &st)) {
			if (add_to_cache(p->string, &st, 0))
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				die(_("updating files failed"));
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		} else
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			remove_file_from_cache(p->string);
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	}
}

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static void create_base_index(void)
{
	struct tree *tree;
	struct unpack_trees_options opts;
	struct tree_desc t;

	if (initial_commit) {
		discard_cache();
		return;
	}

	memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
	opts.head_idx = 1;
	opts.index_only = 1;
	opts.merge = 1;
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	opts.src_index = &the_index;
	opts.dst_index = &the_index;
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	opts.fn = oneway_merge;
	tree = parse_tree_indirect(head_sha1);
	if (!tree)
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		die(_("failed to unpack HEAD tree object"));
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	parse_tree(tree);
	init_tree_desc(&t, tree->buffer, tree->size);
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	if (unpack_trees(1, &t, &opts))
		exit(128); /* We've already reported the error, finish dying */
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}

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static void refresh_cache_or_die(int refresh_flags)
{
	/*
	 * refresh_flags contains REFRESH_QUIET, so the only errors
	 * are for unmerged entries.
	 */
	if (refresh_cache(refresh_flags | REFRESH_IN_PORCELAIN))
		die_resolve_conflict("commit");
}

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static char *prepare_index(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix, int is_status)
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{
	int fd;
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	struct string_list partial;
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	const char **pathspec = NULL;
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	int refresh_flags = REFRESH_QUIET;
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	if (is_status)
		refresh_flags |= REFRESH_UNMERGED;
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	if (interactive) {
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		if (interactive_add(argc, argv, prefix) != 0)
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			die(_("interactive add failed"));
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		if (read_cache_preload(NULL) < 0)
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			die(_("index file corrupt"));
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		commit_style = COMMIT_AS_IS;
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		return get_index_file();
	}

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	if (*argv)
		pathspec = get_pathspec(prefix, argv);
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	if (read_cache_preload(pathspec) < 0)
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		die(_("index file corrupt"));
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	/*
	 * Non partial, non as-is commit.
	 *
	 * (1) get the real index;
	 * (2) update the_index as necessary;
	 * (3) write the_index out to the real index (still locked);
	 * (4) return the name of the locked index file.
	 *
	 * The caller should run hooks on the locked real index, and
	 * (A) if all goes well, commit the real index;
	 * (B) on failure, rollback the real index.
	 */
	if (all || (also && pathspec && *pathspec)) {
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		fd = hold_locked_index(&index_lock, 1);
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		add_files_to_cache(also ? prefix : NULL, pathspec, 0);
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		refresh_cache_or_die(refresh_flags);
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		if (write_cache(fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
		    close_lock_file(&index_lock))
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			die(_("unable to write new_index file"));
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		commit_style = COMMIT_NORMAL;
		return index_lock.filename;
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	}

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	/*
	 * As-is commit.
	 *
	 * (1) return the name of the real index file.
	 *
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	 * The caller should run hooks on the real index,
	 * and create commit from the_index.
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	 * We still need to refresh the index here.
	 */
	if (!pathspec || !*pathspec) {
		fd = hold_locked_index(&index_lock, 1);
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		refresh_cache_or_die(refresh_flags);
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		if (active_cache_changed) {
			if (write_cache(fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
			    commit_locked_index(&index_lock))
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				die(_("unable to write new_index file"));
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		} else {
			rollback_lock_file(&index_lock);
		}
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		commit_style = COMMIT_AS_IS;
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		return get_index_file();
	}

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	/*
	 * A partial commit.
	 *
	 * (0) find the set of affected paths;
	 * (1) get lock on the real index file;
	 * (2) update the_index with the given paths;
	 * (3) write the_index out to the real index (still locked);
	 * (4) get lock on the false index file;
	 * (5) reset the_index from HEAD;
	 * (6) update the_index the same way as (2);
	 * (7) write the_index out to the false index file;
	 * (8) return the name of the false index file (still locked);
	 *
	 * The caller should run hooks on the locked false index, and
	 * create commit from it.  Then
	 * (A) if all goes well, commit the real index;
	 * (B) on failure, rollback the real index;
	 * In either case, rollback the false index.
	 */
	commit_style = COMMIT_PARTIAL;

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	if (whence != FROM_COMMIT)
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		die(_("cannot do a partial commit during a %s."), whence_s());
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	memset(&partial, 0, sizeof(partial));
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	partial.strdup_strings = 1;
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	if (list_paths(&partial, initial_commit ? NULL : "HEAD", prefix, pathspec))
		exit(1);

	discard_cache();
	if (read_cache() < 0)
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		die(_("cannot read the index"));
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	fd = hold_locked_index(&index_lock, 1);
	add_remove_files(&partial);
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	refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);
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	if (write_cache(fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
	    close_lock_file(&index_lock))
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		die(_("unable to write new_index file"));
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	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&false_lock,
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				       git_path("next-index-%"PRIuMAX,
						(uintmax_t) getpid()),
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				       LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
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	create_base_index();
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	add_remove_files(&partial);
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	refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);
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	if (write_cache(fd, active_cache, active_nr) ||
	    close_lock_file(&false_lock))
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		die(_("unable to write temporary index file"));
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	discard_cache();
	read_cache_from(false_lock.filename);

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	return false_lock.filename;
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}

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static int run_status(FILE *fp, const char *index_file, const char *prefix, int nowarn,
		      struct wt_status *s)
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{
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	unsigned char sha1[20];

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	if (s->relative_paths)
		s->prefix = prefix;
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	if (amend) {
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		s->amend = 1;
		s->reference = "HEAD^1";
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	}
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	s->verbose = verbose;
	s->index_file = index_file;
	s->fp = fp;
	s->nowarn = nowarn;
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	s->is_initial = get_sha1(s->reference, sha1) ? 1 : 0;
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	wt_status_collect(s);
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	switch (status_format) {
	case STATUS_FORMAT_SHORT:
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		wt_shortstatus_print(s, null_termination, status_show_branch);
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		break;
	case STATUS_FORMAT_PORCELAIN:
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		wt_porcelain_print(s, null_termination);
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		break;
	case STATUS_FORMAT_LONG:
		wt_status_print(s);
		break;
	}
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	return s->commitable;
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}

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static int is_a_merge(const unsigned char *sha1)
{
	struct commit *commit = lookup_commit(sha1);
	if (!commit || parse_commit(commit))
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		die(_("could not parse HEAD commit"));
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	return !!(commit->parents && commit->parents->next);
}

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static const char sign_off_header[] = "Signed-off-by: ";

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static void determine_author_info(struct strbuf *author_ident)
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{
	char *name, *email, *date;

	name = getenv("GIT_AUTHOR_NAME");
	email = getenv("GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL");
	date = getenv("GIT_AUTHOR_DATE");

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	if (author_message) {
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		const char *a, *lb, *rb, *eol;

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		a = strstr(author_message_buffer, "\nauthor ");
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		if (!a)
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			die(_("invalid commit: %s"), author_message);
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		lb = strchrnul(a + strlen("\nauthor "), '<');
		rb = strchrnul(lb, '>');
		eol = strchrnul(rb, '\n');
		if (!*lb || !*rb || !*eol)
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			die(_("invalid commit: %s"), author_message);
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		if (lb == a + strlen("\nauthor "))
			/* \nauthor <foo@example.com> */
			name = xcalloc(1, 1);
		else
			name = xmemdupz(a + strlen("\nauthor "),
					(lb - strlen(" ") -
					 (a + strlen("\nauthor "))));
		email = xmemdupz(lb + strlen("<"), rb - (lb + strlen("<")));
		date = xmemdupz(rb + strlen("> "), eol - (rb + strlen("> ")));
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	}

	if (force_author) {
		const char *lb = strstr(force_author, " <");
		const char *rb = strchr(force_author, '>');

		if (!lb || !rb)
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			die(_("malformed --author parameter"));
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		name = xstrndup(force_author, lb - force_author);
		email = xstrndup(lb + 2, rb - (lb + 2));
	}

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	if (force_date)
		date = force_date;
552 553
	strbuf_addstr(author_ident, fmt_ident(name, email, date,
					      IDENT_ERROR_ON_NO_NAME));
554 555
}

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static int ends_rfc2822_footer(struct strbuf *sb)
{
	int ch;
	int hit = 0;
	int i, j, k;
	int len = sb->len;
	int first = 1;
	const char *buf = sb->buf;

	for (i = len - 1; i > 0; i--) {
		if (hit && buf[i] == '\n')
			break;
		hit = (buf[i] == '\n');
	}

	while (i < len - 1 && buf[i] == '\n')
		i++;

	for (; i < len; i = k) {
		for (k = i; k < len && buf[k] != '\n'; k++)
			; /* do nothing */
		k++;

		if ((buf[k] == ' ' || buf[k] == '\t') && !first)
			continue;

		first = 0;

		for (j = 0; i + j < len; j++) {
			ch = buf[i + j];
			if (ch == ':')
				break;
			if (isalnum(ch) ||
			    (ch == '-'))
				continue;
			return 0;
		}
	}
	return 1;
}

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static char *cut_ident_timestamp_part(char *string)
{
	char *ket = strrchr(string, '>');
	if (!ket || ket[1] != ' ')
601
		die(_("Malformed ident string: '%s'"), string);
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	*++ket = '\0';
	return ket;
}

606
static int prepare_to_commit(const char *index_file, const char *prefix,
607 608
			     struct wt_status *s,
			     struct strbuf *author_ident)
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{
	struct stat statbuf;
611
	struct strbuf committer_ident = STRBUF_INIT;
612
	int commitable, saved_color_setting;
613
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
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	char *buffer;
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	const char *hook_arg1 = NULL;
	const char *hook_arg2 = NULL;
617
	int ident_shown = 0;
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	if (!no_verify && run_hook(index_file, "pre-commit", NULL))
		return 0;
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	if (squash_message) {
		/*
		 * Insert the proper subject line before other commit
		 * message options add their content.
		 */
		if (use_message && !strcmp(use_message, squash_message))
			strbuf_addstr(&sb, "squash! ");
		else {
			struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
			struct commit *c;
			c = lookup_commit_reference_by_name(squash_message);
			if (!c)
634
				die(_("could not lookup commit %s"), squash_message);
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			ctx.output_encoding = get_commit_output_encoding();
			format_commit_message(c, "squash! %s\n\n", &sb,
					      &ctx);
		}
	}

641 642
	if (message.len) {
		strbuf_addbuf(&sb, &message);
643
		hook_arg1 = "message";
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	} else if (logfile && !strcmp(logfile, "-")) {
		if (isatty(0))
646
			fprintf(stderr, _("(reading log message from standard input)\n"));
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		if (strbuf_read(&sb, 0, 0) < 0)
648
			die_errno(_("could not read log from standard input"));
649
		hook_arg1 = "message";
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	} else if (logfile) {
		if (strbuf_read_file(&sb, logfile, 0) < 0)
652
			die_errno(_("could not read log file '%s'"),
653
				  logfile);
654
		hook_arg1 = "message";
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	} else if (use_message) {
		buffer = strstr(use_message_buffer, "\n\n");
		if (!buffer || buffer[2] == '\0')
658
			die(_("commit has empty message"));
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		strbuf_add(&sb, buffer + 2, strlen(buffer + 2));
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		hook_arg1 = "commit";
		hook_arg2 = use_message;
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	} else if (fixup_message) {
		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
		struct commit *commit;
		commit = lookup_commit_reference_by_name(fixup_message);
		if (!commit)
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			die(_("could not lookup commit %s"), fixup_message);
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		ctx.output_encoding = get_commit_output_encoding();
		format_commit_message(commit, "fixup! %s\n\n",
				      &sb, &ctx);
		hook_arg1 = "message";
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	} else if (!stat(git_path("MERGE_MSG"), &statbuf)) {
		if (strbuf_read_file(&sb, git_path("MERGE_MSG"), 0) < 0)
674
			die_errno(_("could not read MERGE_MSG"));
675
		hook_arg1 = "merge";
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	} else if (!stat(git_path("SQUASH_MSG"), &statbuf)) {
		if (strbuf_read_file(&sb, git_path("SQUASH_MSG"), 0) < 0)
678
			die_errno(_("could not read SQUASH_MSG"));
679
		hook_arg1 = "squash";
680
	} else if (template_file) {
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		if (strbuf_read_file(&sb, template_file, 0) < 0)
682
			die_errno(_("could not read '%s'"), template_file);
683
		hook_arg1 = "template";
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	}

686
	/*
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	 * The remaining cases don't modify the template message, but
	 * just set the argument(s) to the prepare-commit-msg hook.
689
	 */
690
	else if (whence == FROM_MERGE)
691
		hook_arg1 = "merge";
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	else if (whence == FROM_CHERRY_PICK) {
		hook_arg1 = "commit";
		hook_arg2 = "CHERRY_PICK_HEAD";
	}
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	if (squash_message) {
		/*
		 * If squash_commit was used for the commit subject,
		 * then we're possibly hijacking other commit log options.
		 * Reset the hook args to tell the real story.
		 */
		hook_arg1 = "message";
		hook_arg2 = "";
	}

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	s->fp = fopen(git_path(commit_editmsg), "w");
	if (s->fp == NULL)
709
		die_errno(_("could not open '%s'"), git_path(commit_editmsg));
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	if (cleanup_mode != CLEANUP_NONE)
		stripspace(&sb, 0);
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	if (signoff) {
715
		struct strbuf sob = STRBUF_INIT;
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		int i;

		strbuf_addstr(&sob, sign_off_header);
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		strbuf_addstr(&sob, fmt_name(getenv("GIT_COMMITTER_NAME"),
					     getenv("GIT_COMMITTER_EMAIL")));
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		strbuf_addch(&sob, '\n');
		for (i = sb.len - 1; i > 0 && sb.buf[i - 1] != '\n'; i--)
			; /* do nothing */
724
		if (prefixcmp(sb.buf + i, sob.buf)) {
725
			if (!i || !ends_rfc2822_footer(&sb))
726
				strbuf_addch(&sb, '\n');
727
			strbuf_addbuf(&sb, &sob);
728
		}
729
		strbuf_release(&sob);
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	}

732
	if (fwrite(sb.buf, 1, sb.len, s->fp) < sb.len)
733
		die_errno(_("could not write commit template"));
734

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	strbuf_release(&sb);

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	/* This checks and barfs if author is badly specified */
	determine_author_info(author_ident);
739

740
	/* This checks if committer ident is explicitly given */
741
	strbuf_addstr(&committer_ident, git_committer_info(0));
742
	if (use_editor && include_status) {
743
		char *ai_tmp, *ci_tmp;
744
		if (whence != FROM_COMMIT)
745
			status_printf_ln(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
746
				_("\n"
747
				"It looks like you may be committing a %s.\n"
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				"If this is not correct, please remove the file\n"
				"	%s\n"
				"and try again.\n"
751
				""),
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				whence_s(),
				git_path(whence == FROM_MERGE
					 ? "MERGE_HEAD"
					 : "CHERRY_PICK_HEAD"));
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757 758
		fprintf(s->fp, "\n");
		status_printf(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
759
			_("Please enter the commit message for your changes."));
760
		if (cleanup_mode == CLEANUP_ALL)
761
			status_printf_more(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
762
				_(" Lines starting\n"
763
				"with '#' will be ignored, and an empty"
764
				" message aborts the commit.\n"));
765
		else /* CLEANUP_SPACE, that is. */
766
			status_printf_more(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
767
				_(" Lines starting\n"
768
				"with '#' will be kept; you may remove them"
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				" yourself if you want to.\n"
770
				"An empty message aborts the commit.\n"));
771
		if (only_include_assumed)
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			status_printf_ln(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
					"%s", only_include_assumed);
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		ai_tmp = cut_ident_timestamp_part(author_ident->buf);
		ci_tmp = cut_ident_timestamp_part(committer_ident.buf);
		if (strcmp(author_ident->buf, committer_ident.buf))
778
			status_printf_ln(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
779 780
				_("%s"
				"Author:    %s"),
781
				ident_shown++ ? "" : "\n",
782
				author_ident->buf);
783

784
		if (!user_ident_sufficiently_given())
785
			status_printf_ln(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL,
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				_("%s"
				"Committer: %s"),
788
				ident_shown++ ? "" : "\n",
789
				committer_ident.buf);
790 791

		if (ident_shown)
792
			status_printf_ln(s, GIT_COLOR_NORMAL, "");
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794 795
		saved_color_setting = s->use_color;
		s->use_color = 0;
796
		commitable = run_status(s->fp, index_file, prefix, 1, s);
797
		s->use_color = saved_color_setting;
798 799 800

		*ai_tmp = ' ';
		*ci_tmp = ' ';
801
	} else {
802
		unsigned char sha1[20];
803
		const char *parent = "HEAD";
804 805

		if (!active_nr && read_cache() < 0)
806
			die(_("Cannot read index"));
807

808 809 810
		if (amend)
			parent = "HEAD^1";

811
		if (get_sha1(parent, sha1))
812
			commitable = !!active_nr;
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		else
			commitable = index_differs_from(parent, 0);
815
	}
816
	strbuf_release(&committer_ident);
817

818
	fclose(s->fp);
819

820 821 822 823 824 825
	/*
	 * Reject an attempt to record a non-merge empty commit without
	 * explicit --allow-empty. In the cherry-pick case, it may be
	 * empty due to conflict resolution, which the user should okay.
	 */
	if (!commitable && whence != FROM_MERGE && !allow_empty &&
826
	    !(amend && is_a_merge(head_sha1))) {
827
		run_status(stdout, index_file, prefix, 0, s);
828
		if (amend)
829
			fputs(_(empty_amend_advice), stderr);
830
		else if (whence == FROM_CHERRY_PICK)
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831
			fputs(_(empty_cherry_pick_advice), stderr);
832
		return 0;
833 834
	}

835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845
	/*
	 * Re-read the index as pre-commit hook could have updated it,
	 * and write it out as a tree.  We must do this before we invoke
	 * the editor and after we invoke run_status above.
	 */
	discard_cache();
	read_cache_from(index_file);
	if (!active_cache_tree)
		active_cache_tree = cache_tree();
	if (cache_tree_update(active_cache_tree,
			      active_cache, active_nr, 0, 0) < 0) {
846
		error(_("Error building trees"));
847
		return 0;
848
	}
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850 851 852
	if (run_hook(index_file, "prepare-commit-msg",
		     git_path(commit_editmsg), hook_arg1, hook_arg2, NULL))
		return 0;
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854 855
	if (use_editor) {
		char index[PATH_MAX];
856 857
		const char *env[2] = { NULL };
		env[0] =  index;
858
		snprintf(index, sizeof(index), "GIT_INDEX_FILE=%s", index_file);
859 860
		if (launch_editor(git_path(commit_editmsg), NULL, env)) {
			fprintf(stderr,
861
			_("Please supply the message using either -m or -F option.\n"));
862 863
			exit(1);
		}
864
	}
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866 867 868 869
	if (!no_verify &&
	    run_hook(index_file, "commit-msg", git_path(commit_editmsg), NULL)) {
		return 0;
	}
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871
	return 1;
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}

/*
875 876
 * Find out if the message in the strbuf contains only whitespace and
 * Signed-off-by lines.
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 */
878
static int message_is_empty(struct strbuf *sb)
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{
880
	struct strbuf tmpl = STRBUF_INIT;
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	const char *nl;
882
	int eol, i, start = 0;
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884 885 886
	if (cleanup_mode == CLEANUP_NONE && sb->len)
		return 0;

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	/* See if the template is just a prefix of the message. */
	if (template_file && strbuf_read_file(&tmpl, template_file, 0) > 0) {
889
		stripspace(&tmpl, cleanup_mode == CLEANUP_ALL);
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		if (start + tmpl.len <= sb->len &&
		    memcmp(tmpl.buf, sb->buf + start, tmpl.len) == 0)
			start += tmpl.len;
	}
	strbuf_release(&tmpl);

	/* Check if the rest is just whitespace and Signed-of-by's. */
	for (i = start; i < sb->len; i++) {
		nl = memchr(sb->buf + i, '\n', sb->len - i);
		if (nl)
			eol = nl - sb->buf;
		else
			eol = sb->len;

		if (strlen(sign_off_header) <= eol - i &&
		    !prefixcmp(sb->buf + i, sign_off_header)) {
			i = eol;
			continue;
		}
		while (i < eol)
			if (!isspace(sb->buf[i++]))
				return 0;
	}

	return 1;
}

917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934
static const char *find_author_by_nickname(const char *name)
{
	struct rev_info revs;
	struct commit *commit;
	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
	const char *av[20];
	int ac = 0;

	init_revisions(&revs, NULL);
	strbuf_addf(&buf, "--author=%s", name);
	av[++ac] = "--all";
	av[++ac] = "-i";
	av[++ac] = buf.buf;
	av[++ac] = NULL;
	setup_revisions(ac, av, &revs, NULL);
	prepare_revision_walk(&revs);
	commit = get_revision(&revs);
	if (commit) {
935 936
		struct pretty_print_context ctx = {0};
		ctx.date_mode = DATE_NORMAL;
937
		strbuf_release(&buf);
938
		format_commit_message(commit, "%an <%ae>", &buf, &ctx);
939 940
		return strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
	}
941
	die(_("No existing author found with '%s'"), name);
942 943
}

944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955

static void handle_untracked_files_arg(struct wt_status *s)
{
	if (!untracked_files_arg)
		; /* default already initialized */
	else if (!strcmp(untracked_files_arg, "no"))
		s->show_untracked_files = SHOW_NO_UNTRACKED_FILES;
	else if (!strcmp(untracked_files_arg, "normal"))
		s->show_untracked_files = SHOW_NORMAL_UNTRACKED_FILES;
	else if (!strcmp(untracked_files_arg, "all"))
		s->show_untracked_files = SHOW_ALL_UNTRACKED_FILES;
	else
956
		die(_("Invalid untracked files mode '%s'"), untracked_files_arg);
957 958
}

959 960 961 962 963 964 965
static const char *read_commit_message(const char *name)
{
	const char *out_enc, *out;
	struct commit *commit;

	commit = lookup_commit_reference_by_name(name);
	if (!commit)
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		die(_("could not lookup commit %s"), name);
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	out_enc = get_commit_output_encoding();
	out = logmsg_reencode(commit, out_enc);

	/*
	 * If we failed to reencode the buffer, just copy it
	 * byte for byte so the user can try to fix it up.
	 * This also handles the case where input and output
	 * encodings are identical.
	 */
	if (out == NULL)
		out = xstrdup(commit->buffer);
	return out;
}

981
static int parse_and_validate_options(int argc, const char *argv[],
982
				      const char * const usage[],
983 984
				      const char *prefix,
				      struct wt_status *s)
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{
	int f = 0;

988 989
	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, builtin_commit_options, usage,
			     0);
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991 992 993
	if (force_author && !strchr(force_author, '>'))
		force_author = find_author_by_nickname(force_author);

994
	if (force_author && renew_authorship)
995
		die(_("Using both --reset-author and --author does not make sense"));
996

997
	if (logfile || message.len || use_message || fixup_message)
998
		use_editor = 0;
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999
	if (edit_flag)
1000
		use_editor = 1;
1001 1002
	if (!use_editor)
		setenv("GIT_EDITOR", ":", 1);
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	if (get_sha1("HEAD", head_sha1))
		initial_commit = 1;

	/* Sanity check options */
	if (amend && initial_commit)
1009
		die(_("You have nothing to amend."));
1010
	if (amend && whence != FROM_COMMIT)
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		die(_("You are in the middle of a %s -- cannot amend."), whence_s());
1012
	if (fixup_message && squash_message)
1013
		die(_("Options --squash and --fixup cannot be used together"));
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	if (use_message)
		f++;
	if (edit_message)
		f++;
1018 1019
	if (fixup_message)
		f++;
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	if (logfile)
		f++;
	if (f > 1)
1023
		die(_("Only one of -c/-C/-F/--fixup can be used."));
1024
	if (message.len && f > 0)
1025
		die((_("Option -m cannot be combined with -c/-C/-F/--fixup.")));