Commit 38f865c2 authored by Jeff King's avatar Jeff King Committed by Junio C Hamano

run-command: treat inaccessible directories as ENOENT

When execvp reports EACCES, it can be one of two things:

  1. We found a file to execute, but did not have
     permissions to do so.

  2. We did not have permissions to look in some directory
     in the $PATH.

In the former case, we want to consider this a
permissions problem and report it to the user as such (since
getting this for something like "git foo" is likely a
configuration error).

In the latter case, there is a good chance that the
inaccessible directory does not contain anything of
interest. Reporting "permission denied" is confusing to the
user (and prevents our usual "did you mean...?" lookup). It
also prevents git from trying alias lookup, since we do so
only when an external command does not exist (not when it
exists but has an error).

This patch detects EACCES from execvp, checks whether we are
in case (2), and if so converts errno to ENOENT. This
behavior matches that of "bash" (but not of simpler shells
that use execvp more directly, like "dash").

Test stolen from Junio.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJeff King <[email protected]>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJunio C Hamano <[email protected]>
parent 1696d723
......@@ -1261,4 +1261,6 @@ extern struct startup_info *startup_info;
/* builtin/merge.c */
int checkout_fast_forward(const unsigned char *from, const unsigned char *to);
int sane_execvp(const char *file, char *const argv[]);
#endif /* CACHE_H */
......@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ int execv_git_cmd(const char **argv) {
trace_argv_printf(nargv, "trace: exec:");
/* execvp() can only ever return if it fails */
execvp("git", (char **)nargv);
sane_execvp("git", (char **)nargv);
trace_printf("trace: exec failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
......@@ -18,6 +18,68 @@ static inline void dup_devnull(int to)
static char *locate_in_PATH(const char *file)
const char *p = getenv("PATH");
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
if (!p || !*p)
return NULL;
while (1) {
const char *end = strchrnul(p, ':');
/* POSIX specifies an empty entry as the current directory. */
if (end != p) {
strbuf_add(&buf, p, end - p);
strbuf_addch(&buf, '/');
strbuf_addstr(&buf, file);
if (!access(buf.buf, F_OK))
return strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
if (!*end)
p = end + 1;
return NULL;
static int exists_in_PATH(const char *file)
char *r = locate_in_PATH(file);
return r != NULL;
int sane_execvp(const char *file, char * const argv[])
if (!execvp(file, argv))
return 0; /* cannot happen ;-) */
* When a command can't be found because one of the directories
* listed in $PATH is unsearchable, execvp reports EACCES, but
* careful usability testing (read: analysis of occasional bug
* reports) reveals that "No such file or directory" is more
* intuitive.
* We avoid commands with "/", because execvp will not do $PATH
* lookups in that case.
* The reassignment of EACCES to errno looks like a no-op below,
* but we need to protect against exists_in_PATH overwriting errno.
if (errno == EACCES && !strchr(file, '/'))
errno = exists_in_PATH(file) ? EACCES : ENOENT;
return -1;
static const char **prepare_shell_cmd(const char **argv)
int argc, nargc = 0;
......@@ -56,7 +118,7 @@ static int execv_shell_cmd(const char **argv)
const char **nargv = prepare_shell_cmd(argv);
trace_argv_printf(nargv, "trace: exec:");
execvp(nargv[0], (char **)nargv);
sane_execvp(nargv[0], (char **)nargv);
return -1;
......@@ -278,7 +340,7 @@ int start_command(struct child_process *cmd)
} else if (cmd->use_shell) {
} else {
execvp(cmd->argv[0], (char *const*) cmd->argv);
sane_execvp(cmd->argv[0], (char *const*) cmd->argv);
if (errno == ENOENT) {
if (!cmd->silent_exec_failure)
......@@ -34,4 +34,17 @@ test_expect_success POSIXPERM 'run_command reports EACCES' '
grep "fatal: cannot exec.*" err
test_expect_success POSIXPERM 'unreadable directory in PATH' '
mkdir local-command &&
test_when_finished "chmod u+rwx local-command && rm -fr local-command" &&
git config alias.nitfol "!echo frotz" &&
chmod a-rx local-command &&
PATH=./local-command:$PATH &&
git nitfol >actual
) &&
echo frotz >expect &&
test_cmp expect actual
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