base64.c 3.25 KB
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/*
 *     This program is free software; you can redistribute it
 *     and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
 *     License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 *     version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
 *     version.
 * 
 *     This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
 *     useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
 *     warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 *     PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more
 *     details.
 * 
 *     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
 *     License along with this program; if not, write to the Free
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 *     Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, 
 *     Boston, MA  02111, USA.
 * 
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 */

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/* 
 * Base64 handling elsewhere in mutt should be modified to call
 * these routines. These routines were written because IMAP's
 * AUTHENTICATE protocol required them, and base64 handling
 * elsewhere wasn't sufficiently generic.
 * 
 */
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/* 
 * This code is heavily modified from fetchmail (also GPL'd, of
 * course) by Brendan Cully <brendan@kublai.com>.
 * 
 * Original copyright notice:
 * 
 * The code in the fetchmail distribution is Copyright 1997 by Eric
 * S. Raymond.  Portions are also copyrighted by Carl Harris, 1993
 * and 1995.  Copyright retained for the purpose of protecting free
 * redistribution of source. 
 * 
 */
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#include "mutt.h"
#include "mime.h"

#define BAD     -1

/* raw bytes to null-terminated base 64 string */
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void mutt_to_base64 (unsigned char *out, const unsigned char *in, size_t len,
		     size_t olen)
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{
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  while (len >= 3 && olen > 10)
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  {
    *out++ = B64Chars[in[0] >> 2];
    *out++ = B64Chars[((in[0] << 4) & 0x30) | (in[1] >> 4)];
    *out++ = B64Chars[((in[1] << 2) & 0x3c) | (in[2] >> 6)];
    *out++ = B64Chars[in[2] & 0x3f];
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    olen  -= 4;
    len   -= 3;
    in    += 3;
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  }

  /* clean up remainder */
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  if (len > 0 && olen > 4)
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  {
    unsigned char fragment;

    *out++ = B64Chars[in[0] >> 2];
    fragment = (in[0] << 4) & 0x30;
    if (len > 1)
      fragment |= in[1] >> 4;
    *out++ = B64Chars[fragment];
    *out++ = (len < 2) ? '=' : B64Chars[(in[1] << 2) & 0x3c];
    *out++ = '=';
  }
  *out = '\0';
}

/* Convert '\0'-terminated base 64 string to raw bytes.
 * Returns length of returned buffer, or -1 on error */
int mutt_from_base64 (char *out, const char *in)
{
  int len = 0;
  register unsigned char digit1, digit2, digit3, digit4;

  do
  {
    digit1 = in[0];
    if (digit1 > 127 || base64val (digit1) == BAD)
      return -1;
    digit2 = in[1];
    if (digit2 > 127 || base64val (digit2) == BAD)
      return -1;
    digit3 = in[2];
    if (digit3 > 127 || ((digit3 != '=') && (base64val (digit3) == BAD)))
      return -1;
    digit4 = in[3];
    if (digit4 > 127 || ((digit4 != '=') && (base64val (digit4) == BAD)))
      return -1;
    in += 4;

    /* digits are already sanity-checked */
    *out++ = (base64val(digit1) << 2) | (base64val(digit2) >> 4);
    len++;
    if (digit3 != '=')
    {
      *out++ = ((base64val(digit2) << 4) & 0xf0) | (base64val(digit3) >> 2);
      len++;
      if (digit4 != '=')
      {
	*out++ = ((base64val(digit3) << 6) & 0xc0) | base64val(digit4);
	len++;
      }
    }
  }
  while (*in && digit4 != '=');

  return len;
}