GitLab Geo Troubleshooting
Note: This list is an attempt to document all the moving parts that can go wrong. We are working into getting all this steps verified automatically in a rake task in the future.
Setting up Geo requires careful attention to details and sometimes it's easy to miss a step. Here is a list of questions you should ask to try to detect what you need to fix (all commands and path locations are for Omnibus installs):
First check the health of the secondary
Visit the primary node's Admin Area ➔ Geo Nodes (
your browser. We perform the following health checks on each secondary node
to help identify if something is wrong:
- Is the node running?
- Is the node's secondary database configured for streaming replication?
- Is the node's secondary tracking database configured?
- Is the node's secondary tracking database connected?
- Is the node's secondary tracking database up-to-date?
There is also an option to check the status of the secondary node by running a special rake task:
sudo gitlab-rake geo:status
Is Postgres replication working?
Are my nodes pointing to the correct database instance?
You should make sure your primary Geo node points to the instance with writing permissions.
Any secondary nodes should point only to read-only instances.
Can Geo detect my current node correctly?
Geo uses the defined node from the
Admin ➔ Geo screen, and tries to match
it with the value defined in the
/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb configuration file.
The relevant line looks like:
To check if the node on the current machine is correctly detected type:
sudo gitlab-rails runner "puts Gitlab::Geo.current_node.inspect"
and expect something like:
#<GeoNode id: 2, schema: "https", host: "gitlab.example.com", port: 443, relative_url_root: "", primary: false, ...>
By running the command above,
primary should be
true when executed in
the primary node, and
false on any secondary.
How do I fix the message, "ERROR: replication slots can only be used if max_replication_slots > 0"?
This means that the
max_replication_slots PostgreSQL variable needs to
be set on the primary database. In GitLab 9.4, we have made this setting
default to 1. You may need to increase this value if you have more Geo
secondary nodes. Be sure to restart PostgreSQL for this to take
effect. See the PostgreSQL replication
setup guide for more details.
How do I fix the message, "FATAL: could not start WAL streaming: ERROR: replication slot "geo_secondary_my_domain_com" does not exist"?
This occurs when PostgreSQL does not have a replication slot for the secondary by that name. You may want to rerun the replication process on the secondary.
How do I fix the message, "Command exceeded allowed execution time" when setting up replication?
This may happen while initiating the replication process on the Geo secondary, and indicates that your initial dataset is too large to be replicated in the default timeout (30 minutes).
gitlab-ctl replicate-geo-database, but include a larger value for
sudo gitlab-ctl replicate-geo-database --host=primary.geo.example.com --slot-name=secondary_geo_example_com --backup-timeout=21600
This will give the initial replication up to six hours to complete, rather than the default thirty minutes. Adjust as required for your installation.
How do I fix the message, "PANIC: could not write to file 'pg_xlog/xlogtemp.123': No space left on device"
Determine if you have any unused replication slots in the primary database. This can cause large amounts of log data to build up in
Removing the unused slots can reduce the amount of space used in the
Start a PostgreSQL console session:
sudo gitlab-psql gitlabhq_production
Note that using
gitlab-rails dbconsolewill not work, because managing replication slots requires superuser permissions.
View your replication slots with
SELECT * FROM pg_replication_slots;
f are not active.
When this slot should be active, because you have a secondary configured using that slot, log in to that secondary and check the PostgreSQL logs why the replication is not running.
If you are no longer using the slot (e.g. you no longer have Geo enabled), you can remove it with in the PostgreSQL console session:
Very large repositories never successfully synchronize on the secondary
GitLab places a timeout on all repository clones, including project imports
and Geo synchronization operations. If a fresh
git clone of a repository
on the primary takes more than a few minutes, you may be affected by this.
To increase the timeout, add the following line to
on the secondary:
gitlab_rails['gitlab_shell_git_timeout'] = 10800
Then reconfigure GitLab:
sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure
This will increase the timeout to three hours (10800 seconds). Choose a time long enough to accomodate a full clone of your largest repositories.