Commit 8a53025d authored by Achilleas Pipinellis's avatar Achilleas Pipinellis 🎵

Merge branch 'docs-pages-https' into 'master'

Docs: bring important info from blog post to doc

See merge request !16837
parents bbb3e58b 0ddaaae2
Pipeline #17269025 passed with stages
in 38 minutes and 40 seconds
......@@ -155,15 +155,40 @@ Certificates are NOT required to add to your custom
(sub)domain on your GitLab Pages project, though they are
highly recommendable.
The importance of having any website securely served under HTTPS
is explained on the introductory section of the blog post
[Secure GitLab Pages with StartSSL](https://about.gitlab.com/2016/06/24/secure-gitlab-pages-with-startssl/#https-a-quick-overview).
Let's start with an introduction to the importance of HTTPS.
Alternatively, jump ahead to [adding certificates to your project](#adding-certificates-to-your-project).
The reason why certificates are so important is that they encrypt
#### Why should I care about HTTPS?
This might be your first question. If our sites are hosted by GitLab Pages,
they are static, hence we are not dealing with server-side scripts
nor credit card transactions, then why do we need secure connections?
Back in the 1990s, where HTTPS came out, [SSL](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security#SSL_1.0.2C_2.0_and_3.0) was considered a "special"
security measure, necessary just for big companies, like banks and shoppings sites
with financial transactions.
Now we have a different picture. [According to Josh Aas](https://letsencrypt.org/2015/10/29/phishing-and-malware.html), Executive Director at [ISRG](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Security_Research_Group):
> _We’ve since come to realize that HTTPS is important for almost all websites. It’s important for any website that allows people to log in with a password, any website that [tracks its users](https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2013/12/10/nsa-uses-google-cookies-to-pinpoint-targets-for-hacking/) in any way, any website that [doesn’t want its content altered](http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2014/09/why-comcasts-javascript-ad-injections-threaten-security-net-neutrality/), and for any site that offers content people might not want others to know they are consuming. We’ve also learned that any site not secured by HTTPS [can be used to attack other sites](http://krebsonsecurity.com/2015/04/dont-be-fodder-for-chinas-great-cannon/)._
Therefore, the reason why certificates are so important is that they encrypt
the connection between the **client** (you, me, your visitors)
and the **server** (where you site lives), through a keychain of
authentications and validations.
How about taking Josh's advice and protecting our sites too? We will be
well supported, and we'll contribute to a safer internet.
#### Organizations supporting HTTPS
There is a huge movement in favor of securing all the web. W3C fully
[supports the cause](https://w3ctag.github.io/web-https/) and explains very well
the reasons for that. Richard Barnes, a writer for Mozilla Security Blog,
suggested that [Firefox would deprecate HTTP](https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2015/04/30/deprecating-non-secure-http/),
and would no longer accept unsecured connections. Recently, Mozilla published a
[communication](https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2016/03/29/march-2016-ca-communication/)
reiterating the importance of HTTPS.
### Issuing Certificates
GitLab Pages accepts [PEM](https://support.quovadisglobal.com/kb/a37/what-is-pem-format.aspx) certificates issued by
......
......@@ -54,7 +54,6 @@ _Blog posts for securing GitLab Pages custom domains with SSL/TLS certificates:_
- [CloudFlare](https://about.gitlab.com/2017/02/07/setting-up-gitlab-pages-with-cloudflare-certificates/)
- [Let's Encrypt](https://about.gitlab.com/2016/04/11/tutorial-securing-your-gitlab-pages-with-tls-and-letsencrypt/) (outdated)
- [StartSSL](https://about.gitlab.com/2016/06/24/secure-gitlab-pages-with-startssl/) (deprecated)
## Advanced use
......
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