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  <title>Beowulf - Glossary: Y</title>
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                                                        
                                      
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<b>yfel,</b> n., <i><u>evil</u>;</i> yfel [2010], gp. yfla, 2097. [Go. ubils, Ger. bel &lt; Gmc. *ubilaz 'evil' &lt; IE. *wap- &lt; IE. *h<sub>2</sub>wap- 'bad, evil' (Watkins 95:wap-/not in Pokorny); cf. Hit. <u>h</u>uwapp- 'evil'] <br><br>

<b>ylca,</b> pron., <i>(the) same;</i> [<u>ilk</u>]<br><br>

<b>yldan,</b> w1., <i>delay</i> (trans.); 738, 2240. [eald] <br><br>

<b>ylde*,</b> m. -i.p., <i>men;</i> gp. ylda, 1663, ylda (bearn): 150, 604, yldo (~), 70; dp. yldum, 77, 704, 2120; eldum, 2217, 2315, 2612, 3170. [eald; OS. eldi] <br><br>

<b>yldesta,</b> see <b>eald.</b><br><br>

<b>yldo,</b> wk.f., <i>age, old age;</i> 1739, 1769, 1889; ds. ylde, 22; eldo, 2114. [<u>eld</u>; Go. alds; eald] <br><br>

<b>yldra,</b> see <b>eald.</b><br><br>

<a name="aelf"><b>ylfe,</b> m.-i.p., <i><u>elve</u>s;</i> 112. [Ger. Elbe, OHG. *alb, ON. alfr &lt; Gmc. *albiz, *albaz 'white' &lt; IE. *albho- (Watkins 3:albho-/Pokorny albho- 30)] see lf-here. <br><br>

<b>ymb, ymbe,</b> prep., w/ acc.; (place:) <i>about, around, near;</i> ymb, 398, 567, 667, 688 (postpos., stressed), 837, 1011, 1029, 2478; ymbe, 2884, 3171, [F. 33]; postpos., stressed, w/ dat. (semi-adv.): 2598;--(time:) <i>after</i>; ymb, 135, 219;--(fig.:) <i>about, concerning;</i> ymb, 353, 438, 449, 506, 530, 1538, 1597, 2510, 3174; ymbe, 2073, 2619. [OS. OHG. umbi] <br><br>

<b>ymb-beorgan**,</b> III, <i>protect (round about);</i> pret. 3 sg. -bearh, 1505. <br><br>

<b>ymbe-fn,</b> redup., <i>clasp, enclose;</i> pret. 3 sg. -fng, 2692. <br><br>

<b>ymbe-hweorfan,</b> III, <i>move</i> (intr.) <i>about</i> (w/ acc.); pret. 3 sg. -hwearf, 2297. <br><br>

<b>ymb-ode,</b> anv., pret. (see gn), <i>went round</i> (w/ acc.); 3 sg., 619. <br><br>

<b>ymb-sittan,</b> V, <i><u>sit</u> round</i> (w/ acc.); pret. 3 pl. -saton, 563. <br><br>

<b>ymb(e)-sittend*,</b> m.-c.p., <i>neighbouring peoples (those living [<u>sitt</u>ing] about,</i> or<i> on the borders</i>); np. ymbsittend, 1830; gp. ymbsittendra, 9; ymbesittendra, 2735. <br><br>

<b>yppe(**)+,</b> wk.f., <i>raised floor, high seat;</i> ds. yppan, 1818. [up, uppe] <br><br>

<b>yrfe,</b> n. -ja., <i>heritage, lineage, genealogy;</i> 3053. [Go. arbi] <br><br>

<b>yrfe-lf*,</b> f., <i>heirloom;</i> ds. -e, 1906; as. -e, 1052. <br><br>

<b>yrfe-werad,</b> m., <i>(<u>guard</u>ian of inheritance), heir;</i> 2732; gs. -as, 2454. <br><br>

<b>Yrmen-lf,</b> m., <i>a Dane;</i> gs. -es, 1326. [yrmen 'immense', 'powerful'; lf 'remnant', 'legacy'; cf. Eormen-(rc)] <br><br>

<b>yrm(u),</b> f., <i>misery;</i> as. yrme, 1261; gp. ~, 2008. [earm] <br><br>

<b>yrre,</b> n. -ja., <i>anger, <u>ire</u>;</i> ds., 2095; as., 710. <br><br>

<b>yrre,</b> adj. -ja., <i>angry, <u>ir</u>ate;</i> 1534, 1577, 2076, 2670; gsm. eorres, 1449; npm. yrre, 768. [Go. arzeis] <br><br>

<b>yrre-md**,</b> adj., <i>angry (of <u>mood</u>);</i> 725. <br><br>

<b>yrringa,</b> adv., <i>angrily;</i> 1567, 2965. <br><br>

<b>ys,</b> see <b>eom.</b><br><br>

<b>,</b> f. -j., <i>wave;</i> np. a, 547; gp. ~, 463, 847, 1210, 1471, 1921; dp. um, 210, 420, 514, 533, 1439, 1910, 2694; ap. e, 46, 1131, 1912. [OS. ia, OHG. undea] --Cpds.: fld-, lg-, wter-.<br><br>

<b>an,</b> w1., <i>destroy;</i> pret. 1 sg. de, 420. [Go. aus, Ger. de] <br><br>

<b>e,</b> adj., see <b>ae.</b><br><br>

<b>e-lce,</b> adv., <i>easily;</i> 1558. <br><br>

<b>-geblond**,</b> n., <i>tossing waves, surge, surging water, (<u>blended</u> water);</i> 1375, 1595; np. -gebland, 1622. [blandan] <br><br>

<b>-gesne,</b> see <b>-gesne.</b><br><br>

<b>-gewin(n)**,</b> n., <I>wave-strife, struggle of the waves;</i> gs. -es, 1436; <i>tossing water;</i> ds. -e, 2413. <br><br>

<b>-ld*,</b> f., <i>way across the waves, sea-voyage;</i> np. -e, 228. [lan] <br><br>

<b>-lf*,</b> f., <i><u>leav</u>ing of waves, (sand on) shore;</i> ds. -e, 565. <br><br>

<b>-lida**,</b> wk.m., <i>wave-traverser, ship;</i> as. -lidan, 198. [lan] <br><br>

<b>wan,</b> w1., <i>show, manifest;</i> pres. 3 sg. awe, 276; owe, 1741; pret. 3 sg. wde, 2835. <br><br>

<b>ge-wan,</b> w1., <i>show, present, bestow;</i> (stum) gewan, 2152; pp. (~) geawed, 1196. <br><br>

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