utils_device.c 18 KB
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/*
 * device backend utilities
 *
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 * Copyright (C) 2004, Jana Saout <jana@saout.de>
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 * Copyright (C) 2004-2007, Clemens Fruhwirth <clemens@endorphin.org>
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 * Copyright (C) 2009-2018, Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (C) 2009-2018, Milan Broz
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
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 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
 * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

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#include <assert.h>
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#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <unistd.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SYSMACROS_H
# include <sys/sysmacros.h>     /* for major, minor */
#endif
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_STATVFS_H
# include <sys/statvfs.h>
#endif
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#include "internal.h"
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#include "utils_device_locking.h"
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struct device {
	char *path;

	char *file_path;
	int loop_fd;

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	struct crypt_lock_handle *lh;

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	unsigned int o_direct:1;
	unsigned int init_done:1;
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	/* cached values */
	size_t alignment;
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	size_t block_size;
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};

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static size_t device_fs_block_size_fd(int fd)
{
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_STATVFS_H
	struct statvfs buf;

	if (!fstatvfs(fd, &buf) && buf.f_bsize)
		return (size_t)buf.f_bsize;
#endif
	return crypt_getpagesize();
}

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static size_t device_block_size_fd(int fd, size_t *min_size)
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{
	struct stat st;
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	size_t bsize;
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	int arg;
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	if (fstat(fd, &st) < 0)
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		return 0;
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	if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
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		bsize = device_fs_block_size_fd(fd);
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	else {
		if (ioctl(fd, BLKSSZGET, &arg) < 0)
			bsize = crypt_getpagesize();
		else
			bsize = (size_t)arg;
	}
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	if (!min_size)
		return bsize;
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	if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
		/* file can be empty as well */
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		if (st.st_size > (ssize_t)bsize)
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			*min_size = bsize;
		else
			*min_size = st.st_size;
	} else {
		/* block device must have at least one block */
		*min_size = bsize;
	}

	return bsize;
}

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static size_t device_alignment_fd(int devfd)
{
	long alignment = DEFAULT_MEM_ALIGNMENT;

#ifdef _PC_REC_XFER_ALIGN
	alignment = fpathconf(devfd, _PC_REC_XFER_ALIGN);
	if (alignment < 0)
		alignment = DEFAULT_MEM_ALIGNMENT;
#endif
	return (size_t)alignment;
}

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static int device_read_test(int devfd)
{
	char buffer[512];
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	int r = -EIO;
	size_t minsize = 0, blocksize, alignment;
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	blocksize = device_block_size_fd(devfd, &minsize);
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	alignment = device_alignment_fd(devfd);
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	if (!blocksize || !alignment)
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		return -EINVAL;

	if (minsize == 0)
		return 0;

	if (minsize > sizeof(buffer))
		minsize = sizeof(buffer);

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	if (read_blockwise(devfd, blocksize, alignment, buffer, minsize) == (ssize_t)minsize)
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		r = 0;

	crypt_memzero(buffer, sizeof(buffer));
	return r;
}

/*
 * The direct-io is always preferred. The header is usually mapped to the same
 * device and can be accessed when the rest of device is mapped to data device.
 * Using dirct-io encsures that we do not mess with data in cache.
 * (But proper alignment should prevent this in the first place.)
 * The read test is needed to detect broken configurations (seen with remote
 * block devices) that allow open with direct-io but then fails on read.
 */
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static int device_ready(struct device *device)
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{
	int devfd = -1, r = 0;
	struct stat st;
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	size_t tmp_size;
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	if (device->o_direct) {
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		log_dbg("Trying to open and read device %s with direct-io.",
			device_path(device));
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		device->o_direct = 0;
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		devfd = open(device_path(device), O_RDONLY | O_DIRECT);
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		if (devfd >= 0) {
			if (device_read_test(devfd) == 0) {
				device->o_direct = 1;
			} else {
				close(devfd);
				devfd = -1;
			}
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		}
	}
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	if (devfd < 0) {
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		log_dbg("Trying to open device %s without direct-io.",
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			device_path(device));
		devfd = open(device_path(device), O_RDONLY);
	}

	if (devfd < 0) {
		log_err(NULL, _("Device %s doesn't exist or access denied.\n"),
			device_path(device));
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		return -EINVAL;
	}
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	if (fstat(devfd, &st) < 0)
		r = -EINVAL;
	else if (!S_ISBLK(st.st_mode))
		r = S_ISREG(st.st_mode) ? -ENOTBLK : -EINVAL;
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	/* Allow only increase (loop device) */
	tmp_size = device_alignment_fd(devfd);
	if (tmp_size > device->alignment)
		device->alignment = tmp_size;

	tmp_size = device_block_size_fd(devfd, NULL);
	if (tmp_size > device->block_size)
		device->block_size = tmp_size;
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	close(devfd);
	return r;
}

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static int _open_locked(struct device *device, int flags)
{
	int fd;

	log_dbg("Opening locked device %s", device_path(device));

	if ((flags & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && device_locked_readonly(device->lh)) {
		log_dbg("Can not open locked device %s in write mode. Read lock held.", device_path(device));
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	fd = open(device_path(device), flags);
	if (fd < 0)
		return -errno;

	if (device_locked_verify(fd, device->lh)) {
		/* fd doesn't correspond to a locked resource */
		close(fd);
		log_dbg("Failed to verify lock resource for device %s.", device_path(device));
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return fd;
}

/*
 * in non-locked mode returns always fd or -1
 *
 * in locked mode:
 * 	opened fd or one of:
 * 	-EAGAIN : requested write mode while device being locked in via shared lock
 * 	-EINVAL : invalid lock fd state
 * 	-1	: all other errors
 */
static int device_open_internal(struct device *device, int flags)
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{
	int devfd;

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	flags |= O_SYNC;
	if (device->o_direct)
		flags |= O_DIRECT;

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	if (device_locked(device->lh))
		devfd = _open_locked(device, flags);
	else
		devfd = open(device_path(device), flags);
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	if (devfd < 0)
		log_dbg("Cannot open device %s.", device_path(device));

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	return devfd;
}

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int device_open(struct device *device, int flags)
{
	assert(!device_locked(device->lh));
	return device_open_internal(device, flags);
}

int device_open_locked(struct device *device, int flags)
{
	assert(!crypt_metadata_locking_enabled() || device_locked(device->lh));
	return device_open_internal(device, flags);
}

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/* Avoid any read from device, expects direct-io to work. */
int device_alloc_no_check(struct device **device, const char *path)
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{
	struct device *dev;

	if (!path) {
		*device = NULL;
		return 0;
	}

	dev = malloc(sizeof(struct device));
	if (!dev)
		return -ENOMEM;

	memset(dev, 0, sizeof(struct device));
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	dev->path = strdup(path);
	if (!dev->path) {
		free(dev);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
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	dev->loop_fd = -1;
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	dev->o_direct = 1;

	*device = dev;
	return 0;
}

int device_alloc(struct device **device, const char *path)
{
	struct device *dev;
	int r;

	r = device_alloc_no_check(&dev, path);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;
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	if (dev) {
		r = device_ready(dev);
		if (!r) {
			dev->init_done = 1;
		} else if (r == -ENOTBLK) {
			/* alloc loop later */
		} else if (r < 0) {
			free(dev->path);
			free(dev);
			return -ENOTBLK;
		}
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	}

	*device = dev;
	return 0;
}

void device_free(struct device *device)
{
	if (!device)
		return;

	if (device->loop_fd != -1) {
		log_dbg("Closed loop %s (%s).", device->path, device->file_path);
		close(device->loop_fd);
	}

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	assert (!device_locked(device->lh));

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	free(device->file_path);
	free(device->path);
	free(device);
}

/* Get block device path */
const char *device_block_path(const struct device *device)
{
	if (!device || !device->init_done)
		return NULL;

	return device->path;
}

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/* Get device-mapper name of device (if possible) */
const char *device_dm_name(const struct device *device)
{
	const char *dmdir = dm_get_dir();
	size_t dmdir_len = strlen(dmdir);

	if (!device || !device->init_done)
		return NULL;

	if (strncmp(device->path, dmdir, dmdir_len))
		return NULL;

	return &device->path[dmdir_len+1];
}

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/* Get path to device / file */
const char *device_path(const struct device *device)
{
	if (!device)
		return NULL;

	if (device->file_path)
		return device->file_path;

	return device->path;
}

/* block device topology ioctls, introduced in 2.6.32 */
#ifndef BLKIOMIN
#define BLKIOMIN    _IO(0x12,120)
#define BLKIOOPT    _IO(0x12,121)
#define BLKALIGNOFF _IO(0x12,122)
#endif

void device_topology_alignment(struct device *device,
			    unsigned long *required_alignment, /* bytes */
			    unsigned long *alignment_offset,   /* bytes */
			    unsigned long default_alignment)
{
	int dev_alignment_offset = 0;
	unsigned int min_io_size = 0, opt_io_size = 0;
	unsigned long temp_alignment = 0;
	int fd;

	*required_alignment = default_alignment;
	*alignment_offset = 0;

	if (!device || !device->path) //FIXME
		return;

	fd = open(device->path, O_RDONLY);
	if (fd == -1)
		return;

	/* minimum io size */
	if (ioctl(fd, BLKIOMIN, &min_io_size) == -1) {
		log_dbg("Topology info for %s not supported, using default offset %lu bytes.",
			device->path, default_alignment);
		goto out;
	}

	/* optimal io size */
	if (ioctl(fd, BLKIOOPT, &opt_io_size) == -1)
		opt_io_size = min_io_size;

	/* alignment offset, bogus -1 means misaligned/unknown */
	if (ioctl(fd, BLKALIGNOFF, &dev_alignment_offset) == -1 || dev_alignment_offset < 0)
		dev_alignment_offset = 0;
	*alignment_offset = (unsigned long)dev_alignment_offset;

	temp_alignment = (unsigned long)min_io_size;

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	/* Ignore bogus opt-io that could break alignment */
	if ((temp_alignment < (unsigned long)opt_io_size) &&
	    !((unsigned long)opt_io_size % temp_alignment))
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		temp_alignment = (unsigned long)opt_io_size;

	/* If calculated alignment is multiple of default, keep default */
	if (temp_alignment && (default_alignment % temp_alignment))
		*required_alignment = temp_alignment;

	log_dbg("Topology: IO (%u/%u), offset = %lu; Required alignment is %lu bytes.",
		min_io_size, opt_io_size, *alignment_offset, *required_alignment);
out:
	(void)close(fd);
}

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size_t device_block_size(struct device *device)
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{
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	int fd;
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	if (!device)
		return 0;

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	if (device->block_size)
		return device->block_size;
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	fd = open(device->file_path ?: device->path, O_RDONLY);
	if (fd >= 0) {
		device->block_size = device_block_size_fd(fd, NULL);
		close(fd);
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	}
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	if (!device->block_size)
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		log_dbg("Cannot get block size for device %s.", device_path(device));

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	return device->block_size;
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}

int device_read_ahead(struct device *device, uint32_t *read_ahead)
{
	int fd, r = 0;
	long read_ahead_long;

	if (!device)
		return 0;

	if ((fd = open(device->path, O_RDONLY)) < 0)
		return 0;

	r = ioctl(fd, BLKRAGET, &read_ahead_long) ? 0 : 1;
	close(fd);

	if (r)
		*read_ahead = (uint32_t) read_ahead_long;

	return r;
}

/* Get data size in bytes */
int device_size(struct device *device, uint64_t *size)
{
	struct stat st;
	int devfd, r = -EINVAL;

	devfd = open(device->path, O_RDONLY);
	if(devfd == -1)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (fstat(devfd, &st) < 0)
		goto out;

	if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
		*size = (uint64_t)st.st_size;
		r = 0;
	} else if (ioctl(devfd, BLKGETSIZE64, size) >= 0)
		r = 0;
out:
	close(devfd);
	return r;
}

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/* For a file, allocate the required space */
int device_fallocate(struct device *device, uint64_t size)
{
	struct stat st;
	int devfd, r = -EINVAL;

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	devfd = open(device_path(device), O_WRONLY);
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	if(devfd == -1)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!fstat(devfd, &st) && S_ISREG(st.st_mode) &&
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	    !posix_fallocate(devfd, 0, size)) {
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		r = 0;
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		if (device->file_path && crypt_loop_resize(device->path))
			r = -EINVAL;
	}
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	close(devfd);
	return r;
}

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static int device_info(struct crypt_device *cd,
		       struct device *device,
		       enum devcheck device_check,
		       int *readonly, uint64_t *size)
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{
	struct stat st;
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	int fd = -1, r, flags = 0, real_readonly;
	uint64_t real_size;
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	if (!device)
		return -ENOTBLK;
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	real_readonly = 0;
	real_size = 0;

	if (stat(device->path, &st) < 0) {
		r = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}
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	/* never wipe header on mounted device */
	if (device_check == DEV_EXCL && S_ISBLK(st.st_mode))
		flags |= O_EXCL;

	/* Try to open read-write to check whether it is a read-only device */
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	/* coverity[toctou] */
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	fd = open(device->path, O_RDWR | flags);
	if (fd == -1 && errno == EROFS) {
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		real_readonly = 1;
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		fd = open(device->path, O_RDONLY | flags);
	}

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	if (fd == -1 && device_check == DEV_EXCL && errno == EBUSY) {
		r = -EBUSY;
		goto out;
	}
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	if (fd == -1) {
		r = -EINVAL;
		goto out;
	}
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	r = 0;
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	if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
		//FIXME: add readonly check
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		real_size = (uint64_t)st.st_size;
		real_size >>= SECTOR_SHIFT;
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	} else {
		/* If the device can be opened read-write, i.e. readonly is still 0, then
		 * check whether BKROGET says that it is read-only. E.g. read-only loop
		 * devices may be openend read-write but are read-only according to BLKROGET
		 */
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		if (real_readonly == 0 && (r = ioctl(fd, BLKROGET, &real_readonly)) < 0)
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			goto out;

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		r = ioctl(fd, BLKGETSIZE64, &real_size);
		if (r >= 0) {
			real_size >>= SECTOR_SHIFT;
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			goto out;
		}
	}
out:
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	if (fd != -1)
		close(fd);

	switch (r) {
	case 0:
		if (readonly)
			*readonly = real_readonly;
		if (size)
			*size = real_size;
		break;
	case -EBUSY:
		log_err(cd, _("Cannot use device %s which is in use "
			      "(already mapped or mounted).\n"), device->path);
		break;
	case -EACCES:
		log_err(cd, _("Cannot use device %s, permission denied.\n"), device->path);
		break;
	default:
		log_err(cd, _("Cannot get info about device %s.\n"), device->path);
	}

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	return r;
}

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int device_check_access(struct crypt_device *cd,
			struct device *device,
			enum devcheck device_check)
{
	return device_info(cd, device, device_check, NULL, NULL);
}

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static int device_internal_prepare(struct crypt_device *cd, struct device *device)
{
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	char *loop_device = NULL, *file_path = NULL;
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	int r, loop_fd, readonly = 0;

	if (device->init_done)
		return 0;

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	if (getuid() || geteuid()) {
		log_err(cd, _("Cannot use a loopback device, "
			      "running as non-root user.\n"));
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		return -ENOTSUP;
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	}

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	log_dbg("Allocating a free loop device.");

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	/* Keep the loop open, dettached on last close. */
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	loop_fd = crypt_loop_attach(&loop_device, device->path, 0, 1, &readonly);
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	if (loop_fd == -1) {
		log_err(cd, _("Attaching loopback device failed "
			"(loop device with autoclear flag is required).\n"));
		free(loop_device);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

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	file_path = device->path;
	device->path = loop_device;

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	r = device_ready(device);
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	if (r < 0) {
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		device->path = file_path;
		crypt_loop_detach(loop_device);
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		free(loop_device);
		return r;
	}

	device->loop_fd = loop_fd;
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	device->file_path = file_path;
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	device->init_done = 1;

	return 0;
}

int device_block_adjust(struct crypt_device *cd,
			struct device *device,
			enum devcheck device_check,
			uint64_t device_offset,
			uint64_t *size,
			uint32_t *flags)
{
	int r, real_readonly;
	uint64_t real_size;

	if (!device)
		return -ENOTBLK;

	r = device_internal_prepare(cd, device);
	if (r)
		return r;

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	r = device_info(cd, device, device_check, &real_readonly, &real_size);
	if (r)
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		return r;

	if (device_offset >= real_size) {
		log_err(cd, _("Requested offset is beyond real size of device %s.\n"),
			device->path);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (size && !*size) {
		*size = real_size;
		if (!*size) {
			log_err(cd, _("Device %s has zero size.\n"), device->path);
			return -ENOTBLK;
		}
		*size -= device_offset;
	}

	/* in case of size is set by parameter */
	if (size && ((real_size - device_offset) < *size)) {
		log_dbg("Device %s: offset = %" PRIu64 " requested size = %" PRIu64
			", backing device size = %" PRIu64,
			device->path, device_offset, *size, real_size);
		log_err(cd, _("Device %s is too small.\n"), device->path);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	if (flags && real_readonly)
		*flags |= CRYPT_ACTIVATE_READONLY;

	if (size)
		log_dbg("Calculated device size is %" PRIu64" sectors (%s), offset %" PRIu64 ".",
		*size, real_readonly ? "RO" : "RW", device_offset);
	return 0;
}
707

708
size_t size_round_up(size_t size, size_t block)
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{
	size_t s = (size + (block - 1)) / block;
	return s * block;
}
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void device_disable_direct_io(struct device *device)
{
	device->o_direct = 0;
}
718

719
int device_direct_io(const struct device *device)
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{
	return device->o_direct;
}

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int device_is_identical(struct device *device1, struct device *device2)
{
	if (device1 == device2)
		return 1;

	if (!device1 || !device2 || !device_path(device1) || !device_path(device2))
		return 0;

	/* This should be better check - major/minor for block device etc */
	if (!strcmp(device_path(device1), device_path(device2)))
		return 1;

	return 0;
}
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int device_is_rotational(struct device *device)
{
	struct stat st;

	if (stat(device_path(device), &st) < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!S_ISBLK(st.st_mode))
		return 0;

	return crypt_dev_is_rotational(major(st.st_rdev), minor(st.st_rdev));
}
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size_t device_alignment(struct device *device)
{
	int devfd;

	if (!device->alignment) {
		devfd = open(device_path(device), O_RDONLY);
		if (devfd != -1) {
			device->alignment = device_alignment_fd(devfd);
			close(devfd);
		}
	}

	return device->alignment;
}
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int device_read_lock(struct crypt_device *cd, struct device *device)
{
	if (!crypt_metadata_locking_enabled())
		return 0;

	assert(!device_locked(device->lh));

	device->lh = device_read_lock_handle(cd, device_path(device));

	if (device_locked(device->lh)) {
		log_dbg("Device %s READ lock taken.", device_path(device));
		return 0;
	}

	return -EBUSY;
}

int device_write_lock(struct crypt_device *cd, struct device *device)
{
	if (!crypt_metadata_locking_enabled())
		return 0;

	assert(!device_locked(device->lh));

	device->lh = device_write_lock_handle(cd, device_path(device));

	if (device_locked(device->lh)) {
		log_dbg("Device %s WRITE lock taken.", device_path(device));
		return 0;
	}

	return -EBUSY;
}

void device_read_unlock(struct device *device)
{
	if (!crypt_metadata_locking_enabled())
		return;

	assert(device_locked(device->lh) && device_locked_readonly(device->lh));

	device_unlock_handle(device->lh);

	log_dbg("Device %s READ lock released.", device_path(device));

	device->lh = NULL;
}

void device_write_unlock(struct device *device)
{
	if (!crypt_metadata_locking_enabled())
		return;

	assert(device_locked(device->lh) && !device_locked_readonly(device->lh));

	device_unlock_handle(device->lh);

	log_dbg("Device %s WRITE lock released.", device_path(device));

	device->lh = NULL;
}