Commit 9d02daf7 authored by David Woodhouse's avatar David Woodhouse Committed by David S. Miller

pppoatm: Fix excessive queue bloat

We discovered that PPPoATM has an excessively deep transmit queue. A
queue the size of the default socket send buffer (wmem_default) is
maintained between the PPP generic core and the ATM device.

Fix it to queue a maximum of *two* packets. The one the ATM device is
currently working on, and one more for the ATM driver to process
immediately in its TX done interrupt handler. The PPP core is designed
to feed packets to the channel with minimal latency, so that really
ought to be enough to keep the ATM device busy.

While we're at it, fix the fact that we were triggering the wakeup
tasklet on *every* pppoatm_pop() call. The comment saying "this is
inefficient, but doing it right is too hard" turns out to be overly
pessimistic... I think :)

On machines like the Traverse Geos, with a slow Geode CPU and two
high-speed ADSL2+ interfaces, there were reports of extremely high CPU
usage which could partly be attributed to the extra wakeups.

(The wakeup handling could actually be made a whole lot easier if we
 stop checking sk->sk_sndbuf altogether. Given that we now only queue
 *two* packets ever, one wonders what the point is. As it is, you could
 already deadlock the thing by setting the sk_sndbuf to a value lower
 than the MTU of the device, and it'd just block for ever.)
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Woodhouse <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <>
parent 39abbaef
......@@ -62,11 +62,24 @@ struct pppoatm_vcc {
void (*old_pop)(struct atm_vcc *, struct sk_buff *);
/* keep old push/pop for detaching */
enum pppoatm_encaps encaps;
atomic_t inflight;
unsigned long blocked;
int flags; /* SC_COMP_PROT - compress protocol */
struct ppp_channel chan; /* interface to generic ppp layer */
struct tasklet_struct wakeup_tasklet;
* We want to allow two packets in the queue. The one that's currently in
* flight, and *one* queued up ready for the ATM device to send immediately
* from its TX done IRQ. We want to be able to use atomic_inc_not_zero(), so
* inflight == -2 represents an empty queue, -1 one packet, and zero means
* there are two packets in the queue.
#define NONE_INFLIGHT -2
#define BLOCKED 0
* Header used for LLC Encapsulated PPP (4 bytes) followed by the LCP protocol
* ID (0xC021) used in autodetection
......@@ -102,16 +115,30 @@ static void pppoatm_wakeup_sender(unsigned long arg)
static void pppoatm_pop(struct atm_vcc *atmvcc, struct sk_buff *skb)
struct pppoatm_vcc *pvcc = atmvcc_to_pvcc(atmvcc);
pvcc->old_pop(atmvcc, skb);
* We don't really always want to do this since it's
* really inefficient - it would be much better if we could
* test if we had actually throttled the generic layer.
* Unfortunately then there would be a nasty SMP race where
* we could clear that flag just as we refuse another packet.
* For now we do the safe thing.
* We always used to run the wakeup tasklet unconditionally here, for
* fear of race conditions where we clear the BLOCKED flag just as we
* refuse another packet in pppoatm_send(). This was quite inefficient.
* In fact it's OK. The PPP core will only ever call pppoatm_send()
* while holding the channel->downl lock. And ppp_output_wakeup() as
* called by the tasklet will *also* grab that lock. So even if another
* CPU is in pppoatm_send() right now, the tasklet isn't going to race
* with it. The wakeup *will* happen after the other CPU is safely out
* of pppoatm_send() again.
* So if the CPU in pppoatm_send() has already set the BLOCKED bit and
* it about to return, that's fine. We trigger a wakeup which will
* happen later. And if the CPU in pppoatm_send() *hasn't* set the
* BLOCKED bit yet, that's fine too because of the double check in
* pppoatm_may_send() which is commented there.
if (test_and_clear_bit(BLOCKED, &pvcc->blocked))
......@@ -184,6 +211,51 @@ error:
ppp_input_error(&pvcc->chan, 0);
static inline int pppoatm_may_send(struct pppoatm_vcc *pvcc, int size)
* It's not clear that we need to bother with using atm_may_send()
* to check we don't exceed sk->sk_sndbuf. If userspace sets a
* value of sk_sndbuf which is lower than the MTU, we're going to
* block for ever. But the code always did that before we introduced
* the packet count limit, so...
if (atm_may_send(pvcc->atmvcc, size) &&
atomic_inc_not_zero_hint(&pvcc->inflight, NONE_INFLIGHT))
return 1;
* We use test_and_set_bit() rather than set_bit() here because
* we need to ensure there's a memory barrier after it. The bit
* *must* be set before we do the atomic_inc() on pvcc->inflight.
* There's no smp_mb__after_set_bit(), so it's this or abuse
* smp_mb__after_clear_bit().
test_and_set_bit(BLOCKED, &pvcc->blocked);
* We may have raced with pppoatm_pop(). If it ran for the
* last packet in the queue, *just* before we set the BLOCKED
* bit, then it might never run again and the channel could
* remain permanently blocked. Cope with that race by checking
* *again*. If it did run in that window, we'll have space on
* the queue now and can return success. It's harmless to leave
* the BLOCKED flag set, since it's only used as a trigger to
* run the wakeup tasklet. Another wakeup will never hurt.
* If pppoatm_pop() is running but hasn't got as far as making
* space on the queue yet, then it hasn't checked the BLOCKED
* flag yet either, so we're safe in that case too. It'll issue
* an "immediate" wakeup... where "immediate" actually involves
* taking the PPP channel's ->downl lock, which is held by the
* code path that calls pppoatm_send(), and is thus going to
* wait for us to finish.
if (atm_may_send(pvcc->atmvcc, size) &&
return 1;
return 0;
* Called by the ppp_generic.c to send a packet - returns true if packet
* was accepted. If we return false, then it's our job to call
......@@ -207,7 +279,7 @@ static int pppoatm_send(struct ppp_channel *chan, struct sk_buff *skb)
struct sk_buff *n;
n = skb_realloc_headroom(skb, LLC_LEN);
if (n != NULL &&
!atm_may_send(pvcc->atmvcc, n->truesize)) {
!pppoatm_may_send(pvcc, n->truesize)) {
goto nospace;
......@@ -215,12 +287,12 @@ static int pppoatm_send(struct ppp_channel *chan, struct sk_buff *skb)
skb = n;
if (skb == NULL)
} else if (!atm_may_send(pvcc->atmvcc, skb->truesize))
} else if (!pppoatm_may_send(pvcc, skb->truesize))
goto nospace;
memcpy(skb_push(skb, LLC_LEN), pppllc, LLC_LEN);
case e_vc:
if (!atm_may_send(pvcc->atmvcc, skb->truesize))
if (!pppoatm_may_send(pvcc, skb->truesize))
goto nospace;
case e_autodetect:
......@@ -285,6 +357,9 @@ static int pppoatm_assign_vcc(struct atm_vcc *atmvcc, void __user *arg)
if (pvcc == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
pvcc->atmvcc = atmvcc;
/* Maximum is zero, so that we can use atomic_inc_not_zero() */
atomic_set(&pvcc->inflight, NONE_INFLIGHT);
pvcc->old_push = atmvcc->push;
pvcc->old_pop = atmvcc->pop;
pvcc->encaps = (enum pppoatm_encaps) be.encaps;
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