Commit 6b3f8325 authored by sajolida's avatar sajolida

Write instructions for Etcher on macOS

parent 6cd006d4
......@@ -12,111 +12,75 @@
<p class="start">Start in macOS.</p>
[[!inline pages="install/inc/steps/install_intermediary_intro.inline" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
Install Tails
=============
1. Make sure that the first USB stick is unplugged.
In this step, you will install Tails on a USB stick using a program called
<span class="application">Etcher</span>.
1. Open <span class="application">Terminal</span> from
<span class="menuchoice">
<span class="guimenu">Applications</span>&nbsp;▸
<span class="guisubmenu">Utilities</span>&nbsp;▸
<span class="guimenuitem">Terminal.app</span></span>.
Install Etcher
--------------
1. Execute the following command:
1. Click on the following link to download <span class="application">Etcher</span>:
<p class="pre command">diskutil list</p>
<a href='https://tails.boum.org/etcher/Etcher.dmg'>Download Etcher for macOS</a>
It returns a list of the storage devices on the system. For example:
1. Open the <span class="application">Etcher</span> download (DMG disk image).
<p class="pre command-output">/dev/disk0
#: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER
0: GUID_partition_scheme *500.1 GB disk0
1: EFI 209.7 MB disk0s1
2: Apple_HFS MacDrive 250.0 GB disk0s2
3: EFI 134.1 GB disk0s3
4: Microsoft Basic Data BOOTCAMP 115.5 GB disk0s4</p>
[[!img install/inc/screenshots/install_etcher_in_mac.png link="no" alt=""]]
<div class="step-image">[[!img install/inc/infography/plug-first-usb.png link="no" alt=""]]</div>
1. To install <span class="application">Etcher</span>, drag the
<span class="application">Etcher</span> icon onto the
<span class="guilabel">Applications</span> icon.
1. Plug the first USB stick in the computer.
1. Close the installation window of
<span class="application">Etcher</span>.
1. Execute again the same command:
Optionally, eject the <span class="application">Etcher</span> disk image
from the desktop.
<p class="pre command">diskutil list</p>
[[!img install/inc/screenshots/eject_etcher_dmg.png link="no" alt=""]]
Your USB stick appears as a new device in the list. Check
that its size corresponds to the size of your USB stick.
Install Tails
-------------
<p class="pre command-output">/dev/disk0
#: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER
0: GUID_partition_scheme &lowast;500.1 GB disk0
1: EFI 209.7 MB disk0s1
2: Apple_HFS MacDrive 250.0 GB disk0s2
3: EFI 134.1 GB disk0s3
4: Microsoft Basic Data BOOTCAMP 115.5 GB disk0s4
/dev/disk1
#: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER
0: FDisk_partition_scheme *8.0 GB disk1
1: Apple_HFS Untitled 1 8.0 GB disk1s1</p>
<div class="step-image">[[!img install/inc/infography/plug-usb.png link="no" alt="USB stick plugged in the computer"]]</div>
1. Take note of the *device name* of your USB stick.
In this example, the USB stick is 8.0 GB and its device name is <span class="code">/dev/disk1</span>.
Yours might be different.
1. Plug in the USB stick on which you want to install Tails.
<div class="caution">
<p>If you are unsure about the device name, you should stop proceeding or
<strong>you risk overwriting any hard disk on the system</strong>.</p>
</div>
1. Open <span class="application">Finder</span> and choose
<span class="application">Etcher</span> in
<span class="guilabel">Applications</span>.
<div class="step-image">[[!img install/inc/infography/install-intermediary-tails.png link="no" alt=""]]</div>
At the security warning, confirm that you want to open
<span class="application">Etcher</span>.
1. Execute the following commands to copy the ISO image that you
downloaded earlier to the USB stick.
<span class="application">Etcher</span> starts.
Replace:
[[!img install/inc/screenshots/etcher_in_mac.png link="no" alt=""]]
- <span class="command-placeholder">tails.iso</span> with the path to the ISO image
1. Click the <span class="button">Select image</span> button.
<div class="tip">
<p>If you are unsure about the path to the ISO image, you can insert the
correct path by dragging and dropping the icon of the ISO image from
<span class="application">Finder</span> onto <span class="application">
Terminal</span>.</p>
</div>
Choose the USB image that you downloaded earlier.
- <span class="command-placeholder">device</span> with the device name found in step 6
1. Etcher should automatically select your USB stick. Otherwise, click the
<span class="button">Change</span> link to choose a different USB stick.
<div class="tip">
<p>You can try adding <span class="code">r</span> before <span class="code">disk</span> to make the installation faster.</p>
</div>
<div class="step-image">[[!img install/inc/infography/install-tails.png link="no" alt=""]]</div>
<p class="pre command">diskutil unmountDisk <span class="command-placeholder">device</span></p>
1. Click <span class="button">Flash</span>.
<p class="pre command">dd if=<span class="command-placeholder">tails.iso</span> of=<span class="command-placeholder">device</span> bs=16m && sync</p>
Enter your password if you are asked for it.
You should get something like this:
The installation takes a few minutes.
<p class="pre command-example">dd if=/Users/me/tails-amd64-3.0.iso of=/dev/rdisk9 bs=16m && sync</p>
After installing Tails, <span class="application">Etcher</span> verifies the
installation.
If no error message is returned, Tails is being copied on the USB
stick. The copy takes some time, generally a few minutes.
1. If a notification about the USB stick not being readable appears,
click <span class="button">Eject</span> to eject the USB stick.
<div class="note">
<p>If you get a <span class="guilabel">Permission denied</span> error, try
adding <code>sudo</code> at the beginning of the command:</p>
<p class="pre command">sudo dd if=<span class="command-placeholder">tails.iso</span> of=<span class="command-placeholder">device</span> bs=16m && sync</p>
<p>If you get an <span class="guilabel">invalid number ‘16m’</span> error, try
using <code>16M</code> instead:</p>
<p class="pre command">dd if=<span class="command-placeholder">tails.iso</span> of=<span class="command-placeholder">device</span> bs=16M && sync</p>
</div>
The installation is complete once the command prompt reappeared.
[[!inline pages="install/inc/steps/install_intermediary_outro.inline" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
1. Close <span class="application">Etcher</span>.
[[!inline pages="install/inc/steps/restart_first_time.inline" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
......
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