Commit a391f550 authored by Neil Smith's avatar Neil Smith
Browse files

Tidying, and adding problems

parent c1283581
-- import Debug.Trace
import Numeric
import qualified Data.Set as S
import Data.List
main :: IO ()
main =
......@@ -12,12 +12,11 @@ main =
part1 = maximum . map convert
part2 passes = S.elemAt 0 $ expecteds `S.difference` knowns
part2 passes = head $ expecteds \\ ns
where ns = map convert passes
highest = maximum ns
lowest = minimum ns
knowns = S.fromList ns
expecteds = S.fromList [lowest..highest]
expecteds = [lowest..highest]
directionToInt :: Char -> Int
directionToInt dir = if dir `elem` "BR" then 1 else 0
......
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Oh, hello! Funny seeing you here.
I appreciate your enthusiasm, but you aren't going to find much down here.
There certainly aren't clues to any of the puzzles. The best surprises don't
even appear in the source until you unlock them for real.
Please be careful with automated requests; I'm not a massive company, and I can
only take so much traffic. Please be considerate so that everyone gets to play.
If you're curious about how Advent of Code works, it's running on some custom
Perl code. Other than a few integrations (auth, analytics, social media), I
built the whole thing myself, including the design, animations, prose, and all
of the puzzles.
The puzzles are most of the work; preparing a new calendar and a new set of
puzzles each year takes all of my free time for 4-5 months. A lot of effort
went into building this thing - I hope you're enjoying playing it as much as I
enjoyed making it for you!
If you'd like to hang out, I'm @ericwastl on Twitter.
- Eric Wastl
-->
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<header><div><h1 class="title-global"><a href="/">Advent of Code</a></h1><nav><ul><li><a href="/2020/about">[About]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/events">[Events]</a></li><li><a href="https://teespring.com/stores/advent-of-code" target="_blank">[Shop]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/settings">[Settings]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/auth/logout">[Log Out]</a></li></ul></nav><div class="user">Neil Smith <a href="/2020/support" class="supporter-badge" title="Advent of Code Supporter">(AoC++)</a> <span class="star-count">8*</span></div></div><div><h1 class="title-event">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="title-event-wrap">0x0000|</span><a href="/2020">2020</a><span class="title-event-wrap"></span></h1><nav><ul><li><a href="/2020">[Calendar]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/support">[AoC++]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/sponsors">[Sponsors]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/leaderboard">[Leaderboard]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/stats">[Stats]</a></li></ul></nav></div></header>
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<article class="day-desc"><h2>--- Day 4: Passport Processing ---</h2><p>You arrive at the airport only to realize that you grabbed your North Pole Credentials instead of your passport. While these documents are extremely similar, North Pole Credentials aren't issued by a country and therefore aren't actually valid documentation for travel in most of the world.</p>
<p>It seems like you're not the only one having problems, though; a very long line has formed for the automatic passport scanners, and the delay could upset your travel itinerary.</p>
<p>Due to some questionable network security, you realize you might be able to solve both of these problems at the same time.</p>
<p>The automatic passport scanners are slow because they're having trouble <em>detecting which passports have all required fields</em>. The expected fields are as follows:</p>
<ul>
<li><code>byr</code> (Birth Year)</li>
<li><code>iyr</code> (Issue Year)</li>
<li><code>eyr</code> (Expiration Year)</li>
<li><code>hgt</code> (Height)</li>
<li><code>hcl</code> (Hair Color)</li>
<li><code>ecl</code> (Eye Color)</li>
<li><code>pid</code> (Passport ID)</li>
<li><code>cid</code> (Country ID)</li>
</ul>
<p>Passport data is validated in batch files (your puzzle input). Each passport is represented as a sequence of <code>key:value</code> pairs separated by spaces or newlines. Passports are separated by blank lines.</p>
<p>Here is an example batch file containing four passports:</p>
<pre><code>ecl:gry pid:860033327 eyr:2020 hcl:#fffffd
byr:1937 iyr:2017 cid:147 hgt:183cm
iyr:2013 ecl:amb cid:350 eyr:2023 pid:028048884
hcl:#cfa07d byr:1929
hcl:#ae17e1 iyr:2013
eyr:2024
ecl:brn pid:760753108 byr:1931
hgt:179cm
hcl:#cfa07d eyr:2025 pid:166559648
iyr:2011 ecl:brn hgt:59in
</code></pre>
<p>The first passport is <em>valid</em> - all eight fields are present. The second passport is <em>invalid</em> - it is missing <code>hgt</code> (the Height field).</p>
<p>The third passport is interesting; the <em>only missing field</em> is <code>cid</code>, so it looks like data from North Pole Credentials, not a passport at all! Surely, nobody would mind if you made the system temporarily ignore missing <code>cid</code> fields. Treat this "passport" as <em>valid</em>.</p>
<p>The fourth passport is missing two fields, <code>cid</code> and <code>byr</code>. Missing <code>cid</code> is fine, but missing any other field is not, so this passport is <em>invalid</em>.</p>
<p>According to the above rules, your improved system would report <code><em>2</em></code> valid passports.</p>
<p>Count the number of <em>valid</em> passports - those that have all required fields. Treat <code>cid</code> as optional. <em>In your batch file, how many passports are valid?</em></p>
</article>
<p>Your puzzle answer was <code>247</code>.</p><article class="day-desc"><h2 id="part2">--- Part Two ---</h2><p>The line is moving more quickly now, but you overhear airport security talking about how passports with invalid data are getting through. Better add some data validation, quick!</p>
<p>You can continue to ignore the <code>cid</code> field, but each other field has <span title="GLORY TO ARSTOTZKA">strict rules</span> about what values are valid for automatic validation:</p>
<ul>
<li><code>byr</code> (Birth Year) - four digits; at least <code>1920</code> and at most <code>2002</code>.</li>
<li><code>iyr</code> (Issue Year) - four digits; at least <code>2010</code> and at most <code>2020</code>.</li>
<li><code>eyr</code> (Expiration Year) - four digits; at least <code>2020</code> and at most <code>2030</code>.</li>
<li><code>hgt</code> (Height) - a number followed by either <code>cm</code> or <code>in</code>:
<ul>
<li>If <code>cm</code>, the number must be at least <code>150</code> and at most <code>193</code>.</li>
<li>If <code>in</code>, the number must be at least <code>59</code> and at most <code>76</code>.</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><code>hcl</code> (Hair Color) - a <code>#</code> followed by exactly six characters <code>0</code>-<code>9</code> or <code>a</code>-<code>f</code>.</li>
<li><code>ecl</code> (Eye Color) - exactly one of: <code>amb</code> <code>blu</code> <code>brn</code> <code>gry</code> <code>grn</code> <code>hzl</code> <code>oth</code>.</li>
<li><code>pid</code> (Passport ID) - a nine-digit number, including leading zeroes.</li>
<li><code>cid</code> (Country ID) - ignored, missing or not.</li>
</ul>
<p>Your job is to count the passports where all required fields are both <em>present</em> and <em>valid</em> according to the above rules. Here are some example values:</p>
<pre><code>byr valid: 2002
byr invalid: 2003
hgt valid: 60in
hgt valid: 190cm
hgt invalid: 190in
hgt invalid: 190
hcl valid: #123abc
hcl invalid: #123abz
hcl invalid: 123abc
ecl valid: brn
ecl invalid: wat
pid valid: 000000001
pid invalid: 0123456789
</code></pre>
<p>Here are some invalid passports:</p>
<pre><code>eyr:1972 cid:100
hcl:#18171d ecl:amb hgt:170 pid:186cm iyr:2018 byr:1926
iyr:2019
hcl:#602927 eyr:1967 hgt:170cm
ecl:grn pid:012533040 byr:1946
hcl:dab227 iyr:2012
ecl:brn hgt:182cm pid:021572410 eyr:2020 byr:1992 cid:277
hgt:59cm ecl:zzz
eyr:2038 hcl:74454a iyr:2023
pid:3556412378 byr:2007
</code></pre>
<p>Here are some valid passports:</p>
<pre><code>pid:087499704 hgt:74in ecl:grn iyr:2012 eyr:2030 byr:1980
hcl:#623a2f
eyr:2029 ecl:blu cid:129 byr:1989
iyr:2014 pid:896056539 hcl:#a97842 hgt:165cm
hcl:#888785
hgt:164cm byr:2001 iyr:2015 cid:88
pid:545766238 ecl:hzl
eyr:2022
iyr:2010 hgt:158cm hcl:#b6652a ecl:blu byr:1944 eyr:2021 pid:093154719
</code></pre>
<p>Count the number of <em>valid</em> passports - those that have all required fields <em>and valid values</em>. Continue to treat <code>cid</code> as optional. <em>In your batch file, how many passports are valid?</em></p>
</article>
<p>Your puzzle answer was <code>145</code>.</p><p class="day-success">Both parts of this puzzle are complete! They provide two gold stars: **</p>
<p>At this point, you should <a href="/2020">return to your Advent calendar</a> and try another puzzle.</p>
<p>If you still want to see it, you can <a href="4/input" target="_blank">get your puzzle input</a>.</p>
<p>You can also <span class="share">[Share<span class="share-content">on
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Oh, hello! Funny seeing you here.
I appreciate your enthusiasm, but you aren't going to find much down here.
There certainly aren't clues to any of the puzzles. The best surprises don't
even appear in the source until you unlock them for real.
Please be careful with automated requests; I'm not a massive company, and I can
only take so much traffic. Please be considerate so that everyone gets to play.
If you're curious about how Advent of Code works, it's running on some custom
Perl code. Other than a few integrations (auth, analytics, social media), I
built the whole thing myself, including the design, animations, prose, and all
of the puzzles.
The puzzles are most of the work; preparing a new calendar and a new set of
puzzles each year takes all of my free time for 4-5 months. A lot of effort
went into building this thing - I hope you're enjoying playing it as much as I
enjoyed making it for you!
If you'd like to hang out, I'm @ericwastl on Twitter.
- Eric Wastl
-->
<body>
<header><div><h1 class="title-global"><a href="/">Advent of Code</a></h1><nav><ul><li><a href="/2020/about">[About]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/events">[Events]</a></li><li><a href="https://teespring.com/stores/advent-of-code" target="_blank">[Shop]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/settings">[Settings]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/auth/logout">[Log Out]</a></li></ul></nav><div class="user">Neil Smith <a href="/2020/support" class="supporter-badge" title="Advent of Code Supporter">(AoC++)</a> <span class="star-count">12*</span></div></div><div><h1 class="title-event">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="title-event-wrap">var y=</span><a href="/2020">2020</a><span class="title-event-wrap">;</span></h1><nav><ul><li><a href="/2020">[Calendar]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/support">[AoC++]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/sponsors">[Sponsors]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/leaderboard">[Leaderboard]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/stats">[Stats]</a></li></ul></nav></div></header>
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<article class="day-desc"><h2>--- Day 5: Binary Boarding ---</h2><p>You board your plane only to discover a new problem: you dropped your boarding pass! You aren't sure which seat is yours, and all of the flight attendants are busy with the flood of people that suddenly made it through passport control.</p>
<p>You write a <span title="No problem!">quick program</span> to use your phone's camera to scan all of the nearby boarding passes (your puzzle input); perhaps you can find your seat through process of elimination.</p>
<p>Instead of <a target="_blank" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oAHbLRjF0vo">zones or groups</a>, this airline uses <em>binary space partitioning</em> to seat people. A seat might be specified like <code>FBFBBFFRLR</code>, where <code>F</code> means "front", <code>B</code> means "back", <code>L</code> means "left", and <code>R</code> means "right".</p>
<p>The first 7 characters will either be <code>F</code> or <code>B</code>; these specify exactly one of the <em>128 rows</em> on the plane (numbered <code>0</code> through <code>127</code>). Each letter tells you which half of a region the given seat is in. Start with the whole list of rows; the first letter indicates whether the seat is in the <em>front</em> (<code>0</code> through <code>63</code>) or the <em>back</em> (<code>64</code> through <code>127</code>). The next letter indicates which half of that region the seat is in, and so on until you're left with exactly one row.</p>
<p>For example, consider just the first seven characters of <code>FBFBBFFRLR</code>:</p>
<ul>
<li>Start by considering the whole range, rows <code>0</code> through <code>127</code>.</li>
<li><code>F</code> means to take the <em>lower half</em>, keeping rows <code>0</code> through <code>63</code>.</li>
<li><code>B</code> means to take the <em>upper half</em>, keeping rows <code>32</code> through <code>63</code>.</li>
<li><code>F</code> means to take the <em>lower half</em>, keeping rows <code>32</code> through <code>47</code>.</li>
<li><code>B</code> means to take the <em>upper half</em>, keeping rows <code>40</code> through <code>47</code>.</li>
<li><code>B</code> keeps rows <code>44</code> through <code>47</code>.</li>
<li><code>F</code> keeps rows <code>44</code> through <code>45</code>.</li>
<li>The final <code>F</code> keeps the lower of the two, <em>row <code>44</code></em>.</li>
</ul>
<p>The last three characters will be either <code>L</code> or <code>R</code>; these specify exactly one of the <em>8 columns</em> of seats on the plane (numbered <code>0</code> through <code>7</code>). The same process as above proceeds again, this time with only three steps. <code>L</code> means to keep the <em>lower half</em>, while <code>R</code> means to keep the <em>upper half</em>.</p>
<p>For example, consider just the last 3 characters of <code>FBFBBFFRLR</code>:</p>
<ul>
<li>Start by considering the whole range, columns <code>0</code> through <code>7</code>.</li>
<li><code>R</code> means to take the <em>upper half</em>, keeping columns <code>4</code> through <code>7</code>.</li>
<li><code>L</code> means to take the <em>lower half</em>, keeping columns <code>4</code> through <code>5</code>.</li>
<li>The final <code>R</code> keeps the upper of the two, <em>column <code>5</code></em>.</li>
</ul>
<p>So, decoding <code>FBFBBFFRLR</code> reveals that it is the seat at <em>row <code>44</code>, column <code>5</code></em>.</p>
<p>Every seat also has a unique <em>seat ID</em>: multiply the row by 8, then add the column. In this example, the seat has ID <code>44 * 8 + 5 = <em>357</em></code>.</p>
<p>Here are some other boarding passes:</p>
<ul>
<li><code>BFFFBBFRRR</code>: row <code>70</code>, column <code>7</code>, seat ID <code>567</code>.</li>
<li><code>FFFBBBFRRR</code>: row <code>14</code>, column <code>7</code>, seat ID <code>119</code>.</li>
<li><code>BBFFBBFRLL</code>: row <code>102</code>, column <code>4</code>, seat ID <code>820</code>.</li>
</ul>
<p>As a sanity check, look through your list of boarding passes. <em>What is the highest seat ID on a boarding pass?</em></p>
</article>
<p>Your puzzle answer was <code>922</code>.</p><article class="day-desc"><h2 id="part2">--- Part Two ---</h2><p><em>Ding!</em> The "fasten seat belt" signs have turned on. Time to find your seat.</p>
<p>It's a completely full flight, so your seat should be the only missing boarding pass in your list. However, there's a catch: some of the seats at the very front and back of the plane don't exist on this aircraft, so they'll be missing from your list as well.</p>
<p>Your seat wasn't at the very front or back, though; the seats with IDs +1 and -1 from yours will be in your list.</p>
<p><em>What is the ID of your seat?</em></p>
</article>
<p>Your puzzle answer was <code>747</code>.</p><p class="day-success">Both parts of this puzzle are complete! They provide two gold stars: **</p>
<p>At this point, you should <a href="/2020">return to your Advent calendar</a> and try another puzzle.</p>
<p>If you still want to see it, you can <a href="5/input" target="_blank">get your puzzle input</a>.</p>
<p>You can also <span class="share">[Share<span class="share-content">on
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Oh, hello! Funny seeing you here.
I appreciate your enthusiasm, but you aren't going to find much down here.
There certainly aren't clues to any of the puzzles. The best surprises don't
even appear in the source until you unlock them for real.
Please be careful with automated requests; I'm not a massive company, and I can
only take so much traffic. Please be considerate so that everyone gets to play.
If you're curious about how Advent of Code works, it's running on some custom
Perl code. Other than a few integrations (auth, analytics, social media), I
built the whole thing myself, including the design, animations, prose, and all
of the puzzles.
The puzzles are most of the work; preparing a new calendar and a new set of
puzzles each year takes all of my free time for 4-5 months. A lot of effort
went into building this thing - I hope you're enjoying playing it as much as I
enjoyed making it for you!
If you'd like to hang out, I'm @ericwastl on Twitter.
- Eric Wastl
-->
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<header><div><h1 class="title-global"><a href="/">Advent of Code</a></h1><nav><ul><li><a href="/2020/about">[About]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/events">[Events]</a></li><li><a href="https://teespring.com/stores/advent-of-code" target="_blank">[Shop]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/settings">[Settings]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/auth/logout">[Log Out]</a></li></ul></nav><div class="user">Neil Smith <a href="/2020/support" class="supporter-badge" title="Advent of Code Supporter">(AoC++)</a> <span class="star-count">12*</span></div></div><div><h1 class="title-event">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<span class="title-event-wrap">/*</span><a href="/2020">2020</a><span class="title-event-wrap">*/</span></h1><nav><ul><li><a href="/2020">[Calendar]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/support">[AoC++]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/sponsors">[Sponsors]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/leaderboard">[Leaderboard]</a></li><li><a href="/2020/stats">[Stats]</a></li></ul></nav></div></header>
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<article class="day-desc"><h2>--- Day 6: Custom Customs ---</h2><p>As your flight approaches the regional airport where you'll switch to a much larger plane, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Customs_declaration" target="_blank">customs declaration forms</a> are distributed to the passengers.</p>
<p>The form asks a series of 26 yes-or-no questions marked <code>a</code> through <code>z</code>. All you need to do is identify the questions for which <em>anyone in your group</em> answers "yes". Since your group is just you, this doesn't take very long.</p>
<p>However, the person sitting next to you seems to be experiencing a language barrier and asks if you can help. For each of the people in their group, you write down the questions for which they answer "yes", one per line. For example:</p>
<pre><code>abcx
abcy
abcz
</code></pre>
<p>In this group, there are <em><code>6</code></em> questions to which anyone answered "yes": <code>a</code>, <code>b</code>, <code>c</code>, <code>x</code>, <code>y</code>, and <code>z</code>. (Duplicate answers to the same question don't count extra; each question counts at most once.)</p>
<p>Another group asks for your help, then another, and eventually you've collected answers from every group on the plane (your puzzle input). Each group's answers are separated by a blank line, and within each group, each person's answers are on a single line. For example:</p>
<pre><code>abc
a
b
c
ab
ac
a
a
a
a
b
</code></pre>
<p>This list represents answers from five groups:</p>
<ul>
<li>The first group contains one person who answered "yes" to <em><code>3</code></em> questions: <code>a</code>, <code>b</code>, and <code>c</code>.</li>
<li>The second group contains three people; combined, they answered "yes" to <em><code>3</code></em> questions: <code>a</code>, <code>b</code>, and <code>c</code>.</li>
<li>The third group contains two people; combined, they answered "yes" to <em><code>3</code></em> questions: <code>a</code>, <code>b</code>, and <code>c</code>.</li>
<li>The fourth group contains four people; combined, they answered "yes" to only <em><code>1</code></em> question, <code>a</code>.</li>
<li>The last group contains one person who answered "yes" to only <em><code>1</code></em> question, <code>b</code>.</li>
</ul>
<p>In this example, the sum of these counts is <code>3 + 3 + 3 + 1 + 1</code> = <em><code>11</code></em>.</p>
<p>For each group, count the number of questions to which anyone answered "yes". <em>What is the sum of those counts?</em></p>
</article>
<p>Your puzzle answer was <code>6683</code>.</p><article class="day-desc"><h2 id="part2">--- Part Two ---</h2><p>As you finish the last group's customs declaration, you notice that <span title="Don't worry, nobody ever misreads just one word in real life.">you misread one word</span> in the instructions:</p>
<p>You don't need to identify the questions to which <em>anyone</em> answered "yes"; you need to identify the questions to which <em>everyone</em> answered "yes"!</p>
<p>Using the same example as above:</p>
<pre><code>abc
a
b
c
ab
ac
a
a
a
a
b
</code></pre>
<p>This list represents answers from five groups:</p>
<ul>
<li>In the first group, everyone (all 1 person) answered "yes" to <em><code>3</code></em> questions: <code>a</code>, <code>b</code>, and <code>c</code>.</li>
<li>In the second group, there is <em>no</em> question to which everyone answered "yes".</li>
<li>In the third group, everyone answered yes to only <em><code>1</code></em> question, <code>a</code>. Since some people did not answer "yes" to <code>b</code> or <code>c</code>, they don't count.</li>
<li>In the fourth group, everyone answered yes to only <em><code>1</code></em> question, <code>a</code>.</li>
<li>In the fifth group, everyone (all 1 person) answered "yes" to <em><code>1</code></em> question, <code>b</code>.</li>
</ul>
<p>In this example, the sum of these counts is <code>3 + 0 + 1 + 1 + 1</code> = <em><code>6</code></em>.</p>
<p>For each group, count the number of questions to which <em>everyone</em> answered "yes". <em>What is the sum of those counts?</em></p>
</article>
<p>Your puzzle answer was <code>3122</code>.</p><p class="day-success">Both parts of this puzzle are complete! They provide two gold stars: **</p>
<p>At this point, you should <a href="/2020">return to your Advent calendar</a> and try another puzzle.</p>
<p>If you still want to see it, you can <a href="6/input" target="_blank">get your puzzle input</a>.</p>
<p>You can also <span class="share">[Share<span class="share-content">on
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<a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="var mastodon_instance=prompt('Mastodon Instance / Server Name?'); if(typeof mastodon_instance==='string' && mastodon_instance.length){this.href='https://'+mastodon_instance+'/share?text=I%27ve+completed+%22Custom+Customs%22+%2D+Day+6+%2D+Advent+of+Code+2020+%23AdventOfCode+https%3A%2F%2Fadventofcode%2Ecom%2F2020%2Fday%2F6'}else{return false;}" target="_blank">Mastodon</a
></span>]</span> this puzzle.</p>
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